Joao Manoel Pereira Da Silva, a Brazilian historian, born in Rio de Janeiro in 1818. He studied in Paris, and became an advocate, distinguished for his eloquence in defending liberal principles. In 1844 he was returned to the Brazilian parliament. His principal work is Historia da fundagao do imperio brazileiro (6 vols., Rio and Paris, 1864 et seq.). He has also published Plutarcho brazileiro; Obras politicas; and a work on Portuguese literature, with an account of the Brazilian literature of the present day.
Joaqnim Manoel De Macedo, a Brazilian author, born at San Joao de Itaborahy, June 24, 1820. He took his degree at Rio de Janeiro, where he was made professor of Brazilian history, and in 1854 became a member of the legislature. His most popular novels are More-ninha ("Little Brown Girl," 1844 and 1849) and 0 moco louro ("The Yellow Youth," 1845; 2d ed., 1854). Among his other works are Cobe, a tragedy, and A Nebulosa, an epic (1857).
Job Durfee, an American author and jurist, born in Tiverton, R. I., Sept. 20, 1790, died there, July 26, 1847. He graduated at Brown university in 1813, studied law, and in 1820 was chosen representative in congress, where he served during two terms. For several terms he was a member of the state legislature, and in 1828 speaker of the house of representatives. In 1833 he was appointed associate justice of the supreme court of Rhode Island; and in 1835 he became chief justice, an office which he held until his death. In 1832 he published a poem in nine cantos, entitled "What Cheer," an account of the departure of Roger Williams from Salem, his adventures in the wilderness, and the settlement of Rhode Island. He also wrote a philosophical treatise called "Panidea," to prove the pervading influence and presence of God throughout nature. His works were collected and published with a memoir by his son (8vo, Providence, 1849).
Jodoeus Badius, or Jossc, a Flemish printer and author, born at Assche (whence he was sur-named Ascensius) near Brussels in 1402, died in 1535. He was well educated, especially in Latin and Greek, which he taught for 12 years at Lyons, working at the same time as a printer. Early in the 16th century he founded in Paris his famous printing establishment, the Prelum Ascensianutn, from which issued some of the most famous editions of classic authors. He was himself the author of various translations and annotations, of a life of Thomas a Kempis, of a satire on women entitled Naviculae Stultarum Mulierum, and other works, in prose and verse. He was the father-in-law of Robert Stephens. - His son Conrad succeeded him in the printing business, removed to Geneva in 1549, and died about 1565. He wrote Satires chretiennes de la cuisine papale in French verse.
Joel Hawes, an American clergyman, born in Medway, Mass., Dec. 22, 1789, died at Gilead, Conn., June 5,1867. He graduated at Brown university in 1813, and, after studying theology at Andover, was settled in the first Congregational church in Hartford, Conn., in 1818, where he became known as an able preacher and writer. He published "Lectures to Young Men" (Hartford, 1828), which has had a very large circulation in the United States and Great Britain; "Tribute to the Memory of the Pilgrims" (1830); "Memoir of Nor-mand Smith" (1839); "Character Everything to the Young" (1843); "The Religion of the East" (1845); "Looking-Glass for the Ladies, or the Formation and Excellence of Female Character" (1845); "Washington and Jay" (1850); "An Offering to Home Missionaries" (1865); and numerous occasional sermons.