Joseph Knabl, a Tyrolese sculptor, born at Fliess in 1821. He is the son of a farmer, and studied first under a local artist, and subsequently in Munich, where he became in 1863 professor in the academy. He excels in media3val statuary. His principal works represent religious subjects, as his "St. Anne and Mary," for the Eichstiidt cathedral, which obtained a prize in 1858 and his admission to the academy, and his masterpiece, the " Coronation of Mary," for the high altar of the church of Our Lady in Munich.
Joseph Lathrop, an American clergyman, born in Norwich, Conn., Oct. 20, 1731, died in West Springfield, Mass., Dec. 31, 1820. He graduated at Yale college in 1754, and taught school at Springfield, Mass., at the same time studying theology under the direction of the Rev. Robert Breck. In August, 1756, he was ordained pastor of the Congregational church in West Springfield, where he preached regularly till 1818. He received the degree of D. D. from Yale college in 1791 and from Harvard university in 1811. In 1792 he was elected a fellow of the American academy of arts and sciences. He was often called upon to settle ecclesiastical difficulties. His publications consist mainly of discourses which he had delivered from the pulpit (7 vols., with an autobiography, 1796-1801).
Joseph Lonis Duc, a French architect, born in Paris, Oct. 25, 1802. He entered the school of fine arts in 1821, where he took the grand prize in 1825. With Alavoine he built the column of July, and he was associated with Vaudoyer in the construction of the cathedral of Marseilles. His most noted work is the enlargement and restoration of the palace of justice in Paris, in which he was assisted by Dommey. For this he was awarded by his colleagues of the academy in 1869 the grand prize of 100,000 francs, offered by Napoleon III. in 1864 for the greatest work of painting, sculpture, or architecture which should be produced within the ensuing five years. His principal competitor for the prize was M. Le-fuel, the architect of certain parts of the Louvre. Out of the 100,000 francs he paid 40,000 into the treasury of the institute of France, to found an annual prize for the encouragement of architecture.
Joseph Marias Ramus, a French sculptor, born in Aix, June 19, 1805. He studied at the school of fine arts in Paris, and was sent to copy mediaeval sculptures in the galleries of Florence. Among his works are statues of Lafontaine, Anne of Austria, St. John, Philippe of Champagne, and Judith. One of his finest is "David fighting Goliath." Many of his works are at Versailles and in the Luxembourg.
Joseph Marie Querard, a French bibliographer, born in Rennes, Dec. 25, 1797, died in Paris, Dec. 3, 1865. He was early connected with the publishing business, and from 1819 to 1824 with an establishment in Vienna. He afterward published in Paris La France lit-téraire (10 vols., 1827-'42), followed by La littérature française contemporaine (6 vols., 1842-57), which was prepared by others from the middle of the second volume, owing to his difficulties with the publisher and to his forfeiture of the copyright. Among his other compilations are Les auteurs déguisés de la littérature française au 19e siècle (1845), and Les supercheries littéraires dévoilées (5 vols., 1845-'56).