Marie Charlotte Hippolyte Bouflers-Rouvrel

Marie Charlotte Hippolyte Bouflers-Rouvrel, countess de, born in Paris in 1724, died about 1800. She was a daughter of the count de Cam-per-Saugeon, and married the count de Bou-flers-Rouvrel,who died in 1764; after which she led a gay life at the court of the duchess of Orleans, and was the reputed mistress of the prince de Conti, over whose receptions she presided. After the prince's death she retired to Auteuil with her daughter-in-law the countess Amelie de Bouflers, afterward the duchess de Lauzun,who was guillotined June 27, 1794, and she herself was imprisoned until after the fall of Robespierre. She was intimate with Rousseau, and in correspondence with him 16 years, and was the friend of Hume, Grimm, and other celebrities. "Walpole, in his partiality for Mme. du Deffand, decried Mme. de Bouflers, though the latter was regarded as one of. the most intelligent women of her day.

Marie Gabriel Florent Au-Guste Choiseul-Gouffier

Marie Gabriel Florent Au-Guste Choiseul-Gouffier, count de, a French classical scholar, born in Paris, Sept. 27, 1752, died June 20, 1817. He studied under the direction of Barthelemy, travelled several years in Greece, and in 1782 published the first volume of his Voyage pitto-resque en Grece. He was then made ambas- sador at Constantinople. On the outbreak of the revolution he adhered to the king, and was proscribed by the revolutionary government. He retired to Russia, where he was intrusted with the direction of the academy of fine arts and the imperial libraries. In 1802 he returned ' to France. The second part of his great work was published in 1809; the last part did not appear till after his death, in 1824.

Marie Jean Leon De Hervey De Saint Deris

Marie Jean Leon De Hervey De Saint Deri's, marquis, a French sinologue, born in Paris in 1823. He early applied himself to the study of Chinese, and became president of the ethnographical society. He translated several Spanish plays into French, and among his other works are Recherches sur l'agriculture des Chinois (1851), a translation of Poesies de l'epoque des Thang, with an essay on Chinese poetry (1862), and several other important translations published in 1874.

Marie Josephe Cabel

Marie Josephe Cabel, a Belgian singer, born in Liege, Jan. 31, 1827. After the death of her father, M. Dreullette, a former French army officer, she maintained her mother by giving music lessons. She married M. Cabel, and after studying at the conservatoire of Paris, she appeared at the Opera Comique in 1849, in the Val d'Andorre, and at Brussels and Strasburg. In 1853 she appeared at the Theatre Lyrique, Paris, in Le bijou perdu. Auber composed for her Ifanon Lescaut, in which she appeared at the Opera Comique in 1856. She also gained applause in La fille du regiment and L'etoile du Nord; in 1859 as Dinorah in Le pardon de Ploermel; and in 1863, at the Theatre Lyrique, in Mozart's Cost fan tutte.

Marie Seebach

Marie Seebach, a German actress, born in Riga, Feb. 24, 1835. She is the daughter of an actor, and was educated at Cologne for the opera. After appearing in minor parts in Nuremberg and Cassel, chiefly in vaudevilles, she became celebrated by her personation of Margaret in Goethe's Faust and of Clärchen in Egmont in Hamburg, Munich, Vienna, and Hanover. She performed chiefly at Hanover from 1856 to 1865, when she and her husband, the tenor singer Albert Niemann, removed to Berlin. She was afterward divorced, and in 1870-'71 made a tour of the United States.