See Braix, Diseases of the, vol. iii., p. 200.


Menippiis, a cynic philosopher, originally a slave, a native of Gadara in Syria, lived toward the close of the 4th, or, according to others, about the middle of the 1st century 13. C. He amassed great wealth by usury, but was cheated out of it, and committed suicide in despair. He was the author of 13 treatises, all of which are lost. His works contained nothing serious, but abounded in jests and sarcasms. Lu-cian, in his "Dialogues of the Dead," makes Diogenes describe him as an old bald-headed man in a tattered cloak, incessantly ridiculing the pedantry of his brother philosophers.


Menominee, a S. W. county of the upper peninsula of Michigan, bordering on Green bay, separated from Wisconsin by the Menominee river, and watered by several streams; area, about 1,300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,791. The surface is broken and hilly, and the soil moderately fertile. There are extensive forests. It is traversed by the Peninsular division of the Chicago and Northwestern railroad. There were 4 saw mills in operation in 1870, producing lumber to the value of £599,-000. Capital, Menominee.


See Mensihkoff.


Mentor, in Homer's Odyssey, the son of Alciraus, and friend of Ulysses, who intrusted to him the charge of his house on his departure from Ithaca. To him fell the care of young Telemachus, and Minerva assumed his form in accompanying the latter on the journey in search of his father, acting the part of a wise counsellor. On the return of Ulysses, Mentor assisted him in the contest with the suitors, and brought about a reconciliation between him and his people. The name is applied metaphorically to any sage adviser or monitor.

Menu, Or Mann

See Brahma.


Mephistopheles, in old popular legends, the familiar spirit of the magician Faust, the second of the fallen archangels, and the most powerful chief of the infernal legions after Satan. The name is by some derived from the GreekMephistopheles 1100198 , not,Mephistopheles 1100199 , light, andMephistopheles 1100200 , loving. He is chiefly known as the malignant, scoffing fiend of Goethe's "Faust".

Mequinez, Or Miknas

Mequinez, Or Miknas, a city of Morocco, in the province of Fez, near the Seboo, 30 m. W. S. W. of Fez; pop. about 70,000. It is situated in a valley of a mountainous district, and is surrounded with triple walls. Most of the houses are one story high, but are neat and substantial. The principal buildings are several mosques, a castle founded in 1074 by Sultan Muley Ismail, and a palace which is occasionally the residence of the sovereign, adorned with marble columns, fountains, and fine gardens. There are manufactures of painted crockery and leather. In the vicinity are large plantations of olives. There is an extensive trade at Me-quinez in most of the products of the country.