Shinto, Or Sinto

See Japan, vol. ix., pp. 537 and 562.


See County.

Shire, A River Of S. E. Africa

A River Of S. E. Africa Shire, which flows out of the S. extremity of Lake Nyassa, and after a southerly course of about 300 m. falls into the Zambesi, 90 m. above its mouth. A series of rapids, about 40 m. long, terminating 100 m. from the Zambesi, separates the upper from the lower valley of the Shire, by a descent of 1,200 ft. Except in these cataracts the river is navigable for boats, being nearly 150 yards wide and from 12 to 15 ft. deep at its point of exit from the lake, while it enters the Zambesi with a width of 200 yards. Its upper course is broad and deep, and one day's march S. of Nyassa it expands into a lake 10 m. long and 5 m. wide, known as Pamalombe. Below the rapids the river flows over great shallows, and through marshes where the aquatic vegetation is so abundant as sometimes to impede navigation. The Shire was first explored in 1859 by Livingstone.


Shirwa, a lake in S. E. Africa, 30 m. S. by E. of Lake Nyassa, and separated from the valley of the Shire river to the west by a mountain ridge having an estimated elevation of 7,000 ft. It is 60 m. long from N. to S., 20 m. wide, and about 2,000 ft. above the sea level, with brackish waters and no known outlet. It was discovered by Livingstone, April 18,1859.

Shobal Vail Clevenger

Shobal Vail Clevenger, an American sculptor, born at Middletown, Ohio, in 1812, died at sea, Sept. 28, 1843. In his youth he worked as a stonecutter in Cincinnati, where the figure of an angel which he carved on a tomb attracted attention. From Cincinnati he removed to Boston, where he executed busts of Webster, Clay, Van Buren, and others. He afterward went to Europe, taking up his residence at Florence, where he executed many busts, which showed a rapid advance, and gave promise that he would attain the first rank in his profession. Having been attacked by pulmonary consumption, he embarked for America, but died on the passage.

Shooting Stars

See Meteor.


Shoshone,the N. county of Idaho, bounded S. by the Clearwater river, and intersected in the north by Clarke's fork of the Columbia and the Kootenay river; area, about 12,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 722, of whom 468 were Chinese. It is watered by tributaries of the Clearwater river and by the Spokane river, and contains Coeur d'Alene and Pend d'Oreille lakes. The surface is mountainous. There is fertile land around the lakes and along the streams. Timber is abundant, and there are extensive placer gold mines. Capital, Pierce City.


See Lead, vol. x., p. 262.


See Duck, vol. vi., p. 289.

Shrew Mole

See Mole.


See Butcher Bird.

Siamese Twins

See Monster.


Sibley,a S. county of Minnesota, bounded S. E. by the Minnesota river; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,725. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. Lake Minne-tonka, 30 m. long, is in this county. The chief productions in 1870 were 237,706 bushels of wheat, 142,060 of Indian corn, 221,416 of oats, 34,545 of barley, 32,659 tons of hay, 19,600 lbs. of wool, and 310,217 of butter. There were 1,726 horses, 3,531 milch cows, 5,952 other cattle, 3,666 sheep, and 3,990 swine. Capital, Henderson.