Stesichorus

Stesichorus, a Greek lyric poet, born in •Himera, Sicily, in 632 B. C., died about 555. He is said to have been educated at Catana, and to have been on friendly terms with Phalaris of Agrigentum. It is said that his real name was Tisias, and that he received the name of Stesichorus, " chorus leader," for his efforts in choral poetry, for which he invented the divisions of strophe, antistrophe, and epode. He wrote in the Doric dialect. His poems were chiefly on heroic subjects, although he wrote many on themes more purely lyrical. He was the first of the Greeks who composed erotic poems. The fragments of his writings have been collected by Kleine (Stesichori Himeren-sis Fragmenta, Berlin, 1828); by Schneidewin in his Delectus Poesis Grmcorum (Gottingen, 1839); and by Bergk in Poetoe Lyrici Greed (3d ed., Leipsic, 1867).

Stethoscope

See Auscultation.

Stevinus, Or Stevin, Simon

Stevinus, Or Stevin, Simon, a Flemish mathematician, born in Bruges about 1550, died at the Hague about 1G30. The particulars of his life are unknown. In 1580 he published in Dutch a work on "Statics and Hydrostatics" and "A new System of Fortification;" in 1589 a tract on the motion of the heavens; and in 1599 a treatise on navigation (translated into Latin by Grotius, Leyden, 1624). In 1605 Wil-lebrord Snell translated into Latin most of the works of Stevinus, but died before completing the translation. In 1634 Albert Girard published at Leyden all his works in French, including a collection of geometrical problems. - See Simon Stevin, by Quetelet (Brussels, 1845).

Stewart Island

See New Zealand.

Stidtholder

Stidtholder (Dutch, statlhouder, city holder or governor), the title given by certain of the United Provinces of the Netherlands to William of Orange, who thereupon became the chief magistrate or president of those provinces and commander-in-chief of their forces. In 1587 Maurice, his son, was appointed stadt-holder of the United Provinces, and the dignity continued in the house of Orange, with occasional intermissions during which the states general governed without a stadtholder, till 1747, when "William IV., of a collateral branch of the Orange family, was declared hereditary stadtholder. After the restoration of the Orange family in 1814, the title was exchanged for that of king.

Stigmaria

See Coal Plants.

Stillwater

Stillwater, a city and the county seat of Washington co., Minnesota, on the W. bank of the St. Croix river, 25 m. N". of its junction with the Mississippi, and 16 m. E. N. E. of St. Paul, with which it is connected by two lines of railroad; pop. in 1870, 4,124; in 1875, 5,750. It is the centre of the lumber trade of the St. Croix valley, and contains seven saw mills, a flouring mill, two planing mills, an extensive cooperage and cabinet factory, two national banks, two large public school buildings, the state prison, a public library, three weekly newspapers, and nine churches.