Buxton. I. Sir Thomas Fowell, a British legislator and philanthropist, born at Castle Hedingham, Essex, April 1, 1786, died at his residence near Aylsham, Norfolk, Feb. 19, 1845. He received his education at Donny-brook, and subsequently at Trinity college, Dublin. In 1808 he became a clerk, in 1811 a partner, and soon after principal manager of the brewery of Truman, Hanbury, and co., of London. In 1816 he took an active part in a public meeting, by which £44,000 was collected for the relief of the poor in the manufacturing district of Spitalfields. In conjunction with Mrs. Elizabeth Fry, his sister-in-law, and Mr. Hoare, his brother-in-law, he personally examined into the state of British prisons, and published the result of his inquiry. From this came the prison discipline society, which led to the removal of many of the evils pointed out. From 1818 to 1837 he was member of parliament for Weymouth. Prison discipline, the amelioration of the criminal law, the suppression of lotteries, the abolition of Hindoo widow-burning, and the abolition of slavery were subjects on which he was always earnest in debate. He cooperated with Mr. Wilberforce in the anti-slavery movement, and succeeded him as recognized parliamentary leader of the party.

After he left parliament he employed his leisure in writing a book against the African slave trade. In 1840 he was made a baronet. II. Charles, son of the preceding, born in 1822, died in August, 1871. He was educated at Trinity college, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1843; was returned to parliament in 1857 for Newport, Isle of Wight, in 1859 for Maidstone, and in 1865 for East Surrey. He edited and completed the autobiography of his father (London, 1848), wrote " Ideas of the Day on Policy," and contributed to the " Cambridge Essays".