Calydon, an ancient city of AEtolia, celebrated in the heroic age of Greece. It was founded by AEtolus in the land of the Curetes, and named after his son Calydon. Homer celebrates the fertility of the plain in which Calydon was situated near the Evenus; and in the ninth book of the Iliad he gives a vivid account of one of the battles between the Calydonians and the Curetes, with whom the Calydonians were almost always at war. Famous among the Calydonians were CEneus, his sons Tydeus, Meleager, and Thoas, the king mentioned by Homer as leader in the Trojan war, and Diomedes, son of Tydeus. The wild boar hunt in this locality has been celebrated by the poets under the name of the Calydonian hunt. (See Meleager.) The city was in the possession of the Achseans from 391 to 371 B. C, when, after the defeat of the Spartans at Leuc-tra, Epaminondas restored it to the AEtolians. It was still a place of some importance in the time of the conflicts between Caesar and Pom-pey; but Augustus after his victory at Actium removed the inhabitants to his newly founded city of Nicopolis, and presented the statue of Artemis Laphria, the goddess worshipped by the Calydonians, to the city of Patraa in Achaia. The site of the city is variously described.
Col. Leake discovered ruins, including remains of a wall nearly 2 1/2 miles in circuit, at Kurtaga, a little E. of the Evenus and about 7 m. from Missolonghi, on one of the last slopes of Mt. Aracynthus, which he supposed to be those of Calydon.