Cary. I. Alice, an American author, born in the Miami valley, 8 m. N. of Cincinnati, Ohio, April 20, 1820 died in New York, Feb. 12, 1871. Herparents were people of considerable culture, but she had only the slight advantages of education afforded by a newly settled country.

She began writing verses at the age of 18 years, and for the next ten years made frequent contributions in prose and verse to newspapers and magazines. She first attracted attention by some sketches of rural life published in the "National Era," under the signature "Patty Lee." The "Poems of Alice and Phoebe Cary," of which about one third were written by the latter, appeared in Philadelphia in 1849. In 1850 the two sisters removed to New York, where they devoted themselves with industry and success to literary labor. Alice became a constant contributor to the leading literary periodicals of the country, and her articles, both prose and poetry, were subsequently collected in volumes which were warmly welcomed both at home and abroad. She also wrote novels and poems which made their first appearance in book form. Her poems are characterized by a rare naturalness and grace, while her prose is remarkable for its realistic character and charming descriptions of domestic life. Her last illness was protracted and attended with much suffering, but was borne with patience and cheerfulness.

Alice Gary's published works, besides the volume above mentioned, are: "Clovernook Papers," in two series (1851 and 1853), and "The Clovernook Children" (1854), containing sketches of western life and scenery; "Hagar, a Story of Today " (1852); "Lyra and other Poems" (1853; enlarged ed., including "The Maiden of Tlas-cala,"1855); "Married, not Mated" (1856); "Pictures of Country Life" (1859); "Lyrics and Hymns" (1866); "The Bishop's Son" (1867); "The Lover's Diary" (1867); and "Snow Berries, a Book for Young Folks" (1869). II. Phoebe, an American poetess, sister of the preceding, born near Cincinnati, Sept. 4, 1824, died at Newport, R. I., July 31, 1871. She contributed frequently to periodicals, but her writings were chiefly poems very different in style from those of her sister, being more buoyant in tone and more independent in manner. One of her earliest poems, " Near Home," written in 1842, attracted very general attention. Her household duties while living in New York with her sister interfered somewhat with her literary labor.

Her published works, besides the contributions to the volume issued in conjunction with her sister, were: "Poems and Parodies" (1854); "Poems of Faith, Hope, and Love" (1868); and a large portion of the "Hymns for all Christians," compiled by the Rev. Dr. Deems in 1869. She wrote a very beautiful and touching tribute to her sister's memory, which was published in the "Lady's Repository" a few days before her own death. - See "Memorial of Alice and Phoebe Cary, with some of their Later Poems," by Mary Clemmer Ames (New York, 1873).