Chezy. I. Antoine Leonard de, a French orientalist, born at Neuilly, Jan. 15, 1773, died in Paris, Sept. 3, 1832. In 1798 he was appointed a member of the learned commission who were to accompany Bonaparte to Egypt, but was prevented from continuing in the expedition by illness, and the following year he was attached to the cabinet of oriental MSS. in the national library. In 1815 a chair of Sanskrit was created for him at the college de France, and in 1816 he became a member of the academy of inscriptions. His most important works are: Medjnoun et Leila, translated from the Persian of Jami; Yadjanadatta Badha, an episode translated from the Rama-yana; and La reconnaissance de Sakoountala, a drama of Kalidasa. This last publication, giving for the first time the text with an elegant translation, was printed at the expense of the Asiatic society of Paris. His papers in the Journal des Savants, the Journal Asiatique, and the Memoires of the academy of inscriptions are also important. Among the manuscripts which he left were a Chrestomathie per-sane, a Chrestomathie sanscrite, a Grammaire sanscrite, and a Vocalula ire Sanscrit, pracrit et francais.

II. Wilhelmiue Cliristiane von, a German authoress, wife of the preceding, horn in Berlin, Jan. 26,1783, died Jan. 28,1856. She was a granddaughter of Anna Luise Karsch, and a daughter of Karoline Luise von Klenke, both authoresses. In 1790 she was divorced from her first husband, and in 1802 found an asylum in the house of Mme. de Genlis in Paris, and gradually secured a competency as a writer. She was married to M. de Chezy in 1805, and in 1810 a voluntary separation took place, after which she went to Germany, where she found an influential friend in the prince of Dalberg, and where in 1813 she displayed great zeal for the relief of wounded soldiers. The latter part of her life, during which she became blind, was spent chiefly in Switzerland. She wrote the libretto of Weber's opera Euryanthe, many poems and novels, besides works descriptive of French society, and a biography of her mother, which she published under the name Helmina. Bertha Borntrager has published her memoirs under the title Unrergessenes (2 vols., Leipsic, 1858). III. Wilhelm, son of the preceding, born in Heidelberg, March 21,1806, died in Vienna, March 13, 1865. He studied jurisprudence at Munich, but devoted himself to journalism and literature, and wrote many novels, besides Erinnerungen (2 vols., Schaff-hausen, 1863-'4). - A younger brother of Wilhelm, Max, a painter, died in Heidelberg in 1846.