Christian Lassen, a German philologist, born in Bergen, Norway, Oct. 22, 1800. He studied at Christiania, Heidelberg, and Bonn, passed some years in London and Paris, and returned again to Bonn, where he became in 1830 extraordinary and in 1840 ordinary professor. While in Paris he studied the Pali language in connection with Eugene Burnouf, and the result of their joint labors was the Essai sur le Pali (1826), published by the Asiatic society. He published with Schlegel the Ramayana and the Hitopadesa. He was for a time editor of the journal of the German oriental society, and of the Zeitschrift fur die Kunde des Morgen-landes. His works, which are numerous and valuable, relate to a variety of oriental languages and ancient history, embracing, among other subjects, translations from the Hindoo philosophy, the history of Bactria, Cabool, and India, and cuneiform inscriptions. His principal work is the Indische Alterthumskunde (4 vols., 1844-'62; vol. i., 2d ed., 1866), a work of great labor and learning, covering the whole ground of Indian archaeology, mythology, and history.