Darabgerd, Or Darab, a city of Persia, capital of a district of the same name in the province of Farsistan, lat. 29° N., lon. 54° 20' E., 110 m. S. E. of Shiraz; pop. about 15,000. It has manufactories of cloth, pottery, and carpets, and refineries of rock salt from the neighboring mountains. It was formerly a town of some extent, and there are many remains of antiquity, including the ruins of an aqueduct, some sculptured rocks, and a caravansary hollowed in the heart of a mountain. The town is surrounded with date, orange, and lemon groves, and is situated at the foot of Mount Darakub, celebrated for producing mumia na-tiva, a liquid petroleum, believed by the Persians to possess miraculous healing power. D'ARBLAY, Madame. See Arblay, Madame d' Darboy, Georges, a French prelate, born at Fayl-Billot, Haute-Marne, in 1813, shot in Paris, May 24, 1871. After completing his college course in the seminary of Langres, he was ordained priest in 1836, and placed as assistant in the parish of St. Dizier. In 1839 he was appointed professor of mental philosophy in the diocesan seminary, and in 1841 of dogmatic theology.
In 1845 he went to Paris, where his reputation caused him to be welcomed by Archbishop Affre. He was appointed a chaplain of the college Henri IV., and subsequently named honorary canon of the metropolitan chapter. Archbishop Sibour gave him the direction of the Moniteur Catholique, made him first chaplain of the college Henri IV., and soon after honorary vicar general and superintendent of religious instruction in all the government schools of the archdiocese. In 1854 he accompanied the archbishop to Rome, where the pope bestowed upon him the rank of prothonotary apostolic. On his return to Paris he became titular vicar general, and in 1859 bishop of Nancy. In June, 1848, he had stood by the deathbed of his first protector in Paris, Archbishop Affre, shot down on the barricades; on Jan. 3, 1857, he had seen Archbishop Sibour assassinated in the midst of a solemn religious ceremony; and on Jan. 10, 1863, the emperor appointed him archbishop of Paris. Among the changes which he wished to introduce, one was to do away with the jurisdictional privileges of the Jesuits, Carmelites, and other religious societies in his diocese, whose status he deemed not strictly canonical.
This brought him into collision with the coart of Rome. A protracted correspondence ensued; but the difficulty was settled, and the archbishop attended the council of the Vatican. "Before setting out he published a letter on the relations between church and state, which he concluded by urging the observance of the concordat agreed upon between Napoleon I. and Pius VII. He was firm in opposing everything in the proposed measures which he thought hostile either to the rights of bishops in their own administration, or to the natural rights of civil society within its own lawful sphere. Having suffered from the attacks of certain French journalists, he demanded from the council a canonical remedy against such abuses. He voted to the last against the opportuneness of the decree on infallibility, and abstained from voting in the session in which it was proclaimed, but was one of the first to give in his adhesion to the supreme decision of the church before he left Rome. At the commencement of the war with Prussia he was active in organizing relief corps for the sick and wounded, and was unsparing in labors and alms while the siege of Paris lasted; and when the commune was proclaimed he refused to forsake his flock.
On April 5, 1871, he was seized as one of the hostages for the communist prisoners in the hands of the Versailles government, and confined in the prison of Mazas. Transferred to the prison of La Roquette on the first decided success of the Versailles troops, the open wagons in which he and his companions rode were followed by an infuriated multitude shouting "Death! death! " On the morning of May 24 the corridor in which the prisoners had been confined for two days was suddenly invaded by a detachment of communists. Six names were called out, among them that of the archbishop. The victims passed between a double rank of armed men into a narrow alley, where they were ordered to stand up against a wall, at some paces from the firing platoon. Words of pity and forgiveness fell from the archbishop's lips on his executioners, and his hand was yet lifted in blessing when he was shot.