George Granville Leveson Gower Sutherland, duke of, born Jan. 9, 1758, died July 19, 1833. He was a son of the marquis of Stafford, belonging to a family of historic distinction since the 14th century. He early entered the house of commons, and was ambassador in Paris from 1790 to 1799. In 1799 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Gower. In 1803 he inherited the vast estates of his uncle the duke of Bridgewater and of his father, which added to the Gower domain made him one of the richest men in the world. He extended his uncle's great picture gallery, and promoted the fine arts. He was created a duke Jan. 28, 1833. The Bridgewater estates passed to his second son Francis, afterward earl of Elles-mere, and the other property to the elder son, George Granville Sutherland Leveson Gower (1786-1861), the second duke. The wife of the latter, Harriet Elizabeth Georgiana (born May 21, 1806, died Oct. 27, 1868), a daughter of the earl of Carlisle, and the queen's mistress of the robes for nearly 20 years, was celebrated for her beauty and accomplishments, and promoted anti-slavery and other philanthropical movements.

The present and third duke is Sir George Granville William Sutherland Leveson Gower, born Dec. 19, 1828.