Guernsey , the westernmost of the Channel islands, belonging to Great Britain, and lying in the English channel, 28 m. from the N. W. coast of France, and 65 m. from England, between lat. 49° 24' and 49° 33' N., and Ion. 2° 30' and 2° 40' W.; area, 25 sq. m.; pop. in i 1871, 30,593. The surface toward the north is low and level, but toward the south is hilly. The coast is deeply indented with excellent harbors, and in some places rises into precipitous cliffs 270 ft. high. The climate, though variable, is temperate and healthy. The soil is fertile, but agriculture is generally in a backward state. The principal productions are wheat, barley, oats, rye, potatoes, fruit, cider, wine, butter, pigs, and cattle. The most important exports are apples, cider, wine, potatoes, and granite. The inhabitants are a simple and thrifty race, and speak a dialect of that Norman French which has been obsolete for centuries save in these islands. The military government is vested in a lieutenant governor, who represents the sovereign in the assembly of the states. The legislative body, called the states, is composed of 32 members, two of whom are appointed by the crown. The states vote the ordinary expenses, but new taxes must be sanctioned by the crown. Victor Hugo resides in this island.
Capital, St. Peter Port, or Peter-le-port.
Guernsey , an E. county of Ohio, drained by branches of Muskingum river; area, 460 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 23,838. It has a hilly surface, with a soil of moderate fertility, and abounding in coal. The slopes afford good pasturage, and in many places are covered with vineyards from which wine is produced. It is traversed by the central Ohio division of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 175,051 bushels of wheat, 685,758 of Indian corn, 325,676 of oats, 81,885 of potatoes, 696,183 lbs. of butter, 617,551 of wool, 474,178 of tobacco, and 31,376 tons of hay. There were 7,047 horses, 6,411 milch cows, 8,673 other cattle, 151,848 sheep, and 15,222 swine; 13 manufactories of carriages and wagons, 10 of saddlery and harness, 2 of salt, 2 of sashes, doors, and blinds, 6 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 2 of woollen goods, 6 flour mills, 6 saw mills, 7 tanneries, and 5 cur-rying establishments. Capital, Cambridge.