Hallam ,.I. Henry, an English historian, born in "Windsor in 1777, died in Penshurst, Kent, Jan. 21, 1859. His father was dean of Bristol, and he was educated at Eton and at Oxford, and studied law, but did not practise. He engaged in literary pursuits in London, and his contributions to the "Edinburgh Review" soon brought him into notice and gave him a position among the best writers of the day. In 1818 he published his " View of the State of Europe during the Middle Ages" (2 vols. 4to), in which he presented in a series of dissertations, remarkable for research and learning, a comprehensive survey of the chief subjects of interest in those times. His intention was to continue this work, which became at once a standard treatise, down to about the middle of the last century; but finding that it would be a labor beyond his strength, he satisfied himself with a continuation of the history of the British constitution from the point where he left it in the eighth chapter, and in 1827 published " The Constitutional History of England from the Accession of Henry VII. to the Death of George II." (2 vols. 4to). This work possessed the characteristic merits of the first, patient research, accuracy of statement, impartiality, and liberal principles; but as it covered a period nearer our own times and touched the roots of existing controversies, it did not command the same general assent.
It is now regarded as in the main an accurate deduction and a fair statement of the principles of the British constitution. After another interval he published his last great work, the "Introduction to the Literature of Europe in the 15th, 16th, and 17th Centuries" (4 vols. 8vo, 1837-'9). The preface contains a comprehensive survey of what had been done before his time in the same department, and establishes his claim to have led the way among English writers in a general survey of literary history. In 1848 he published a supplemental volume to his work on the middle ages, in which he gave in a series of annotations the result of his studies during the 30 years that had elapsed since the original publication. These works have passed through numerous editions, and have been translated into the principal languages of Europe. In 1852 he published a volume entitled "Literary Essays and Characters." H. Arthur Henry, son of the preceding, born in London, Feb. 1, 1811, died in Vienna, Sept. 15, 1833. He studied at Eton and at Trinity college, Cambridge, where he graduated in 1832, and in the same year entered the Inner Temple. In August, 1833, he accompanied his father to the continent, where he contracted a fatal illness.
He left a number of poems and essays, which were collected by his father and printed with a memoir for private circulation (London, 1834). His "Remains in Verse and Prose" was published in 1862. He was betrothed to a sister of Tennyson, who made him the subject of his "In Memoriam."