Harms Junius One Of The Assassins Of Caesar Brutus, born in 85 B. 0., died in 42. His father, Marcus Junius Brutus, having been put to death by order of Pompey, he was adopted by his maternal uncle Quintus Servilius Caepio, and carefully educated. He married a daughter of Appius Claudius, and was for some time with his father-in-law in Cilicia, where he made a fortune by loaning money at usury. In the civil war he joined Pompey, but was treated with great consideration by Caesar after the battle of Pharsalia and made governor of Cisalpine Gaul. After his return to Rome he was divorced from Claudia, in order that he might marry Portia, daughter of Cato. In 44 B. C. he was persuaded by Caius Cassius to join in the conspiracy against Caesar, and took part in his assassination, although the dictator had made him praetor of the city, and promised him the province of Macedonia and the consulship. Finding that he could not appease the people, he fled to Athens and afterward to Macedonia and Asia Minor, where he assumed the title of imperator, and gathered forces to oppose the triumvirate. With Cassius he met Antony and Octavius at Philippi, and being ultimately defeated in battle threw himself on his sword and died. Cassius had shortly before put an end to his life, and Portia too, on hearing the news, voluntarily terminated hers.
Brutus was a zealous student, and stood well among the literary men of his day, though none of his orations and philosophical treatises and few of his letters have been preserved.