James Roosevelt Bayley, an American archbishop, grandson of Richard Bayley, M. D., born in New York, Aug. 23, 1814. He is a graduate of Washington (now Trinity) college, Hartford, and was for some time tutor there. He studied theology with Dr. Samuel Farmer Jarvis of Middletown, Conn., was ordained a minister of the Protestant Episcopal church, and preached at Harlem, N. Y., and afterward at Hagerstown, Md. He then joined the Roman Catholic church, prepared himself for the priesthood at St. Sulpice in Paris, and was ordained in New York, March 2, 1842, by Bishop Hughes. He was appointed professor of belles-lettres at St. John's college, Fordham, N. Y., of which he was president in 1845-'6, and from 1846 to 1853 was secretary to Archbishop Hughes. On Oct. 30,1853, he was consecrated first bishop of Newark, N. J., which under his administration became one of the most prosperous dioceses in the United States. He founded Seton Hall college and numerous schools, academies, convents, and churches. On July 30, 1872, he was appointed archbishop of Baltimore. He has published a "Sketch of the History of the Catholic Church on the Island of New York" (New York, 1853; revised ed., 1869); "Memoirs of Simon Gabriel Brute, first Bishop of Vincennes" (1860); and "Pastorals for the People."