John Stuart Blackie, a Scottish author, born at Glasgow in July, 1809. He is the son of a banker, studied in Scotland, Germany, and Italy, and was professor of Latin literature in Ma-rischal college, Aberdeen, from 1841 to 1852, when he became professor of Greek in the university of Edinburgh, which position he still holds (1873). He promoted university reform in Scotland and the abolition of the test act. He is a popular lecturer and an active contributor to periodicals and cyclopaedias. His writings include a metrical translation of Goethe's "Faust" (1834), and of AEschylus (1850); "Poems, chiefly on Greek Mythology" (1857);
Monument in front of the Black Hole.
"Poems, English and Latin" (1860); "Homer and the Iliad," with a translation of the Iliad in ballad measure (180(3); Musa Burschicosa (1809); and "War Songs of the Germans," with historical sketches (1870). He has also published "Critical Dissertations" (3 vols.), and "Notes Philological and Archaeological" (4 vols.). His discourse on "Democracy " (1867) has passed through many editions, and his latest work is "Four Phases of Morals" (1872).