John Vanderlyn, an American painter, born in Kingston, Ulster co., N. Y., in October, 1776, died there, Sept. 23, 1852. Removing to New York at the age of 16, he received instruction in painting from Gilbert Stuart, and in 1796 visited Paris, where he studied five years. He again resided in Europe in 1803-'15, and painted "The Murder of Jane McCrea by the Indians," "Ariadne," a picture very celebrated in its time, and "Marius Sitting among the Ruins of Carthage," which received the gold medal at the Paris exhibition of 1808. After his second return to America, he painted portraits of Madison, Monroe, Clinton, and Calhoun. He was long engaged in superintending the exhibition of panoramic views in a building called the rotunda, erected by himself in the city hall park, New York, which involved him in pecuniary difficulties. Among his remaining pictures are a portrait of Washington for the hall of representatives at Washington, and " The Landing of Columbus," painted for one of the compartments of the rotunda in the national capitol.

His last work was a portrait of President Taylor.