Jonathan Mayhew, an American clergyman, born in Martha's Vineyard, Mass., Oct. 8,' 1720, died in Boston, July 9, 1766. He graduated at Harvard college in 1744, and in 1747 was ordained minister of the West church in Boston, a post which he filled during the remainder of his life. lie was distinguished as a preacher and a writer of controversial tracts. His opposition to the proceedings of the British society for the propagation of the gospel in foreign parts and the introduction of bishops into the colonies involved him in a controversy with Dr. Apthorp and Dr. Seeker, the archbishop of Canterbury. He cooperated with Otis and other early opponents of the arbitrary designs of the mother country, occasionally introducing his liberal opinions into his sermons with a boldness which ranked him among the ultra whigs. Among his published works are a volume of seven sermons (1749); "Christian Sobriety, in eight Sermons to Young Men;" and " Observations on the Charter and Conduct of the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts." A memoir of him was written by Alden Bradford (Boston, 1838).