Kulm (Boh. Chlumec), a village of Bohemia, in the circle of Leitmeritz, 8 m. N. E. of Teplitz, noted for a battle between the allies and the French, Aug. 29-30, 1813. After his victory at Dresden (Aug. 27) Napoleon was marching upon Silesia, when Schwarzenberg's advance from Bohemia made him retrace his steps, and he despatched Vandamme with 30,000 men to frustrate the enemy's design. Schwar-zenberg was obliged to fall back upon Teplitz, and the allies were only extricated from a dangerous dilemma through the valor of the Russian general, Duke Eugene of Wurtemberg; but the latter would have been overwhelmed on Aug. 29 in the valley of Kulm, if his division had not made a most desperate resistance, and if the king of Prussia, on hearing of the emperor Alexander being on the battle field, had not sent reenforcements. These enabled the allies to maintain their position at Arbesau near Kulm. As the night approached Vandamme encamped in the vicinity of Kulm, anticipating the arrival of Napoleon, or at least of Marshal Mortier; but the former had already left for Pirna, and both were soon obliged after the defeat at Grossbeeren to return to Dresden. The French were on the following day surrounded by the allies, who had been placed by Schwarzenberg under the command of the Russian general Barclay de Tolly. The left wing, which occupied the heights of Kulm, was turned early in the day, while Kleist attacked the French in the rear from the direction of Nollendorf. After a futile attempt to cut his way through to the latter place, Vandamme was obliged to surrender with three other generals and 10,000 men as prisoners of war, after having lost 5,000 men and over 80 pieces of artillery.