Lycaonia, in ancient geography, a division of Asia Minor, bounded N. by Galatia, E. by Cappadocia, S. by Cilicia, S. W. by Isauria (which at certain periods was regarded as a part of it), and W. by Phrygia, and now included in the Turkish vilayet of Konieh. It was a narrow table land, deficient in water, with frequently varying boundaries. The inhabitants, according to the Acts of the Apostles, spoke a peculiar dialect. They were warlike and skilled in archery. The principal town was Iconium, now Konieh. Lycaonia is first mentioned in Xenophon's history of the expedition of the younger Cyrus, at the time of which it belonged to the Persian empire. After its conquest by Alexander and his death, it was attached to the kingdom of Syria, and subsequently came into the possession of Eumenes, king of Pergamus, while a portion of it was ruled by native chieftains. In the latter half of the 1st century B. C. it was conquered by Amyntas, king of Galatia, with which country it passed on his death to the Romans under Augustus, being annexed to the province of Cappadocia,