Mariano Matamoros, a Mexican patriot, executed at Valladolid, Feb. 13, 1814. The time and place of his birth and the circumstances of his early life are unknown. In December, 1811, he was parish priest of Jantelolco, a small village south of Mexico, when, being molested by royalist troops and threatened with imprisonment, he tied to Izucar and joined the insurgents. He was favorably received by Morelos, and at once made a colonel. In that capacity he speedily acquired influence and popularity among the troops, mid displayed great military talent. In the defence of Cuau-tla against Gen. Calleja, the glory attributed to Morelos was largely due to Matamoros. In the expedition to Oajaca he took a conspicuous part, and in October, 1813, won the victory of San Agustin del Palmar. The Mexican revolution was now triumphant from Guatemala to Jalisco, except in a few of the larger cities, when Morelos injudiciously resolved to attack the capital of Michoacan.' Repulsed from Valladolid, Matamoros collected his forces at Puruaran, where Morelos again rashly precipitated an action fatal to the cause of independence. Matamoros was captured and executed. Alaman in his history describe -Matamoros as the most active and successful leader of the insurrection, and ascribes its temporary failure to his death.
His memory is highly honored by the Mexicans; his bones were placed with those of Hidalgo and Morelos in the cathedral of Mexico, and his name 1ms been given to two important towns, as well as to districts in several states.