Marie Ahelie, queen of the French, born at Caserta, near Naples, April 20, 1782, died at Claremont, near Windsor, England, March 24, 1866. Her father was Ferdinand I., king of the Two Sicilies, and her mother Carolina Maria, arehduchess of Austria. Her brother succeeded to the throne of Naples, and her four sisters were respectively empress of Austria, grand duchess of Tuscany, queen of Sardinia, and queen of Spain. In 1798, when Naples was invaded by the French, she retired with her mother to Palermo. In June, 1800, she went to Vienna, and returned in 1802 to Naples, but renewed political outbreaks forced the royal family to return to Palermo. There she became acquainted in 1808 with Louis Philippe, whose wife she became, Nov. 25, 1809. She continued to reside at Palermo till the restoration called her husband to Paris in September, 1814. The events of the hundred days soon compelled her and her family to take refuge in England. She returned to rranee in 1817, and from that time to 1830 resided at Neuilly. Her legitimist tendencies led her to view with regret the revolution of 1830, and she manifested a repugnance, based on scruple, to Louis Philippe's acceptance of the frown.

After his accession Marie Amelie devoted herself exclusively to domestic life, and was remarkable for charities, accomplishments, and piety. In 1848 she implored Louis Philippe not to abdicate; but when further resistance was useless she accompanied him to hvreux, where for safety she separated from him rejoined him at Ilonfleur, and accompanied him to Claremont, where she took the title of countess of Neuilly.-See Vie de Marie-Ame-lu,rein des Francais by Trognon(Paris 1871).