Martyn Paine, an American physician, born in Williamstown, Vt., July 8, 1794. He graduated at Harvard college in 1813, studied medicine in Boston, and practised in Montreal, Canada, from 1816 to 1822, when he removed to New York. During the prevalence of the cholera in 1832 he published a series of letters upon the disease to Dr. J. C. Warren of Boston, which were collected into a volume entitled "The Cholera Asphyxia of New York " (1832). In 1841 he united with five other physicians in establishing the university medical college (the medical department of the university of New York), in which he held for many years the chair of the institutes of medicine and materia medica, and afterward that of therapeutics and materia medica. In 1854 he was prominent in securing a repeal of the law against dissections of the human body, which was till then a state prison offence. He is a member of many of the principal learned societies in Europe and America. His principal works are: "Medical and Physiological Commentaries" (3 vols. 8vo, 1840-'44); "Materia Medica and Therapeutics," on an original plan (1842); " The Institutes of Medicine " (1847; last ed., 1870); " The Soul and Instinct, physiologically distinguished from Materialism" (1848; enlarged ed., 1872); and "A Review of Theoretical Geology" (1856), directed against the geological interpretations of the Mosaic narratives of the creation and the Hood. In 1852 he prepared for private circulation a memoir and the literary remains of his son Robert Troup Paine, who graduated at Harvard college in 1851, and died the same year.