Massimo Taparelli Azeglio, marquis d', an Italian statesman, artist, and author, born in Turin, Oct. 2, 1798, died there, Jan. 15, 1866. In his youth, as he says himself in his memoirs, he was a swaggering soldier and a companion of scamps. His father being appointed in 1814 Sardinian ambassador in Rome, he accompanied him and remained there almost uninterruptedly for eight years, acquiring distinction as a painter, and for a time living the life of an artistic hermit in the outskirts of the Roman Apennines. After his father's death in 1830 he married a daughter of Manzoni, and after her death he married Louisa Blondel of Geneva. He was now a man of serious thought and strict virtue, and a decided liberal. His celebrated romances, Ettore Fieramosca (Milan, 1833) and Nicold de' Lapi (1841), contributed to rouse the national spirit of independence and to establish his literary fame. In his Degli ultimi casi di Romagna (Florence, 1846), as well as by his personal influence with Pius IX., he advocated a liberal policy, while his political writings (collected in 1 vol., Turin, 1851) fostered a reformatory spirit in Sardinia and paved the way for coming changes.

In 1848 he was aide-de-camp of Durando, who commanded the papal troops against Austria; but when the latter were recalled he joined the patriot volunteers in fighting the battle of Vicenza against Radetzky, and was severely wounded. After the restoration of peace he was chosen to the chamber of deputies. Victor Emanuel on ascending the throne appointed him (May 11, 1849) premier and minister of foreign affairs, and it was mainly his influence which saved constitutional institutions and paved the way for the work of Cavour. He dissolved the chambers twice on account of their opposition to the treaty of peace with Austria, which he caused to be ratified Jan. 9, 1850. Despite Azeglio's sympathies with progressive measures, he was considered as over-conservative for the new order of tilings; and he finally succumbed to the combined influence of Count Cavour and Ratazzi and the opposition in the chambers, retiring Oct. 30, 1852. He had already tendered his resignation five months before, and continued in office only at the urgent request of the king.

After the outbreak of the war of 1859, he contributed, as the king's commissioner in Bologna, to the preservation of order in the Romagna, and subsequently was for a short time prefect of Milan, his impaired health requiring his retirement and obliging him to have his speeches in the senate read by others. A man of independent character and political opinions, he severely criticised Cavour, Maz-zini, and other liberal leaders, and among other popular measures opposed the intended transfer of the capital to Rome. His daughter, the marchioness Ricci, has published his autobiography, or, as he designates it, his "moral autopsy," entitled I miei ricordi (2 vols , 2d ed., Florence, 1807; German translation, 1869). A supplementary volume of correspondence between Azeglio and Torelli has been edited by Paoli (Milan, 1870). In 18G7 appeared in Paris his Italie de 1847-1865, and his Cor-respondance politique, edited by E. Rendu. Carcano published at Milan in 1870 Azeglio's Lettere a sua moglie Luisa Blondel; and Bar-bera of Florence has lately published his Scritti inediti. - His brother Luigi, who died in Rome Sept. 24, 1862, was an eminent member of the order of Jesuits, editor of the ultra-clerical Civilta cattolica, and the author of a work on natural and one on international law.

His eldest brother, Roberto, who died in Turin, Dec. 24, 1862, published some excellent works on art, and was a promoter of political reforms toward the close of the reign of Charles Albert, a senator, and director of the royal gallery of paintings. The son of the latter, the marquis Vittorio Emmanuele Taparelli d'Azeglio, an accomplished artist, especially in statuary, was ambassador of Sardinia and afterward of Italy in London from 1850 to 1868.