Jean, a French clergyman, born in Geneva in 1765, died in Paris, April 23, 1836. He officiated as pastor of the Reformed church in Paris until the outbreak of the first revolution.' when he removed to Copenhagen, where he entertained the duke of Orleans, the future kin-: Louis Philippe. In 1S08 he returned to Paris and in 1830 became president of the consistory.
Frederic Joel Jean Gerard, eldest son of the preceding, born near Morges, Switzerland, May 17. 1794, died in Paris in 1863. lie received his theological education at Geneva, and after the death of his father became pastor of the Oratoire in Paris. His ability as a preaclur and his high character made him a leader among the evangelical Protestants of France. After officiating in the Oratoire for more than 12 years, he seceded from the national Protestant church, April 22, 1849, because it did not insist upon "the acknowledgment of Christ as a divine Saviour" as a condition of membership. He organized the Free church of France, resembling in some respects the Free church movement in Scotland. In 1858 he visited the United States, to enlist the sympathies of Americans in the movement. For several years he edited the Archives du Christ ianisme, and he published nil sermons and lectures. - His son Jean, born in Paris in 1822, was pastor at Marseilles and at Niraes, and was chosen professor of theology at Montauban in 1865.
Adolphe Frederic Theodore, brother of the preceding, born in Copenhagen, Jan. 21, 1802, died in Paris, April 6, 1856. He was educated at Geneva, and held to the same views in regard to the divinity of the Saviour as his brother Frederic, yet remained in the national church. He became one of the pastors of the Reformed church in Lyons, whence he was dismissed in consequence of his rigid adherence to evangelical principles. He was afterward professor in the theological school at Montauban, and in 1849, on the secession of his brother, he was invited to till his place at the Oratoire. He held this post until his death, and gained a high reputation for pulpit eloquence. He is the author of Lwile, on In lecture de la Bible (1841); Saint Paul (1850); La Femme (1862); and several volumes of discourses. Most of his works have been translated into English.