Canada An E. Central County Of Ontario, watered by the. Otonabee; area, 2,485 sq. m..; pop. in 1871, 30,473, of whom 15,287 were of Irish, 7,949 of English, 4,947 of Scotch, 1,024 of French, and 794 of German origin or descent. It contains numerous lakes, and is connected by a branch with the Midland railway. The surface is undulating.
A Town, capital of the county, on the Otonabee river, which is here crossed by a bridge, and on the Midland railway, 67 m. N. E. of Toronto; pop. in 1871, 4,611. The river is here navigable by steamers. The streets are well laid out and are lighted with gas. The town contains several saw and grist mills, manufactories of iron castings, steam engines, machinery, agricultural implements, leather, woollens, wooden ware, etc, and has a large export trade in grain, pork, and lumber. There are four branch banks, three weekly newspapers, and churches of six denominations.
Peterborough, a city of Northamptonshire, England, on the left bank of the Nene, 37 m. N. E. of Northampton, and 76 m. N. by W. of London; pop. in 1871, 17,429.. The cathedral is a fine specimen of Norman and early English architecture. It was founded in 655 by Peada, king of Mercia, but was destroyed by the Danes, and afterward rebuilt. It is in the form of a cross, 476 ft. long, with transepts 203 ft. broad, ceiling 78 and tower 150 ft. high. Catharine of Aragon, wife of Henry VIII., and Mary, queen of Scots, were both buried in Peterborough cathedral; but the remains of the latter were removed by James I. to Westminster abbey. Peterborough is the seat of a bishop, and the dean and chapter exercise a certain jurisdiction over the town.