Wind, or Broken Wind, a disorder incident to horses : in this affection, they cannot breathe, freely, and their natural functions are impaired : it is usually preceded by a dry cough, and may be known by the animals eating litter, and swallowing frequently copious draughts of water.
Farriers are by no means agreed, respecting the cause of this malady : Mr. Gibson attributes it to an injudicious or hasty method of feeding young horses, especially those for sale ; so that their lungs, and the other organs contained in the chest, become preternaturally enlarged , enlarged ; in consequence of which, the chest is not sufficiently capacious to admit of their due expansion. According to his advice, the diseased animal should be bled two or three times; when its bowels must be opened by a dose of calomel, and the following balls be given for several days: - Let 8 oz. of aurum mosaicum (which consists of equal parts of mercury, tin, sal ammoniac, and sulphur) ; 4 oz. of myrrh, and an equal quantity of elecampane, both reduced to powder; bay-berries and aniseed, each 1 oz.; with half an oz. of saffron, be triturated together, and made into balls, with a sufficient quantity of oxymel of squills. - This preparation may be divided into 12 doses; but, as the aurum mosaicum is a tedious and expensive preparation, either 8 oz. of pulverized squills, or a similar portion of gum-ammoniac, or 4 oz. of each, may be safely substituted.
Mr. Gibson directs the food of broken-winded horses to consist principally of corn, slightly moistened with urine or pure water; and, if two or three cloves of garlic be given with each meal, they will afford great relief; as that root stimulates the solids, and dissolves the viscid fluids, which impede the action of the lungs.
Mr. Taplin, however, conjectures that broken wind originates from obstructions in the minute vessels of the lungs; which are occasioned by foul feeding, want of sufficient exercise, and inattention to cleansing the intestines of horses, by occasional purgatives; so that the elasticity of the whole system is impaired. He is therefore of opinion, that a cure can only be effected in an early stage of the disease; and, with this view, he recommends frequent, but moderate bloodlettings, which should be succeeded by a regular course, or three doses, of the following purgative balls, namely : - Take, of Socotrine aloes, nine drams; jalap and rhubarb, of each 1 1/2 dram; gum-ammoniac, calomel, and ginger, of each 1 dram; and 60 drops of oil of juniper. These ingredients are to be carefully incorporated, and formed into 3 balls, with a proper quantity of syrup of buckthorn. Three days after the operation of the third dose, Mr. Taplin directs one ball, prepared in the following manner, to be taken every morning, for such a period as will enable a person to judge, whether there be any prospect of recovery : - Take 8 oz. of the best white soap; 3 oz. of gum-ammoniac, and a similar quantity of guai-acum ; 2 oz. of aniseed, and the same portions of liquorice, myrrh, and Benjamin; also balsam of Peru, Tolu, and oil of aniseed, of each 1/2 an oz: these articles are to be compounded into a mass, with Barbadoes tar, and divided into 20 doses, or balls.
Throughout the whole treatment of this malady, whether Mr. Tap-lin's or Mr. Gibson's directions be followed, it will be advisable to allow but little hay and water, lest any accumulation should take place in the intestines. - The animal should likewise be moderately exercised ; and the greatest precaution taken to prevent a cold. Thus, it will speedily be ascertained, how far a total or partial cure may probably be obtained.