Acre, St Jean d'Acre, or Acca, the Biblical Accho, is a seaport on the coast of Syria, not far from the base of Mount Carinel, and contains about 10,000 inhabitants. It is 80 miles NNW. of Jerusalem, and 27 S. of Tyre. The harbour is partly choked with sand, yet is one of the best on this coast. In 1892 a railway was commenced from Acre to Damascus; and omnibuses run regularly from Haifa to Acre. Taken by the Crusaders in 1110, Acre was recovered in 1187 by the Sultan Saladin; but retaken in 1191 by Richard I. of England and Philip at a cost of 100,000 men. The town was now given to the Knights of the Order of St John, who kept it by constant fighting for a hundred years. In 1517 it was captured by the Turks; in 1799 besieged by the French for sixty-one days, but successfully defended by the garrison, aided by English sailors and marines under Sir Sidney Smith. In 1832 it was stormed by Ibrahim Pasha, son of the viceroy of Egypt, and held by him till in 1840 it was bombarded and taken by a combined English, Austrian, and Turkish fleet.