Capri (Kah'pree; anc. CapreAe), a charming Mediterranean island, at the enti-ance of the Bay of Naples, 3| miles from Cape Campanella, and 21 S. of Naples. Only 3 3/4 sq. m. in area, it yet displays a rich variety of beautiful scenery, and consists of two mountain masses 1918 and 860 feet high.
On a shelving rock at the base of the eastern and lower mountain stands the town of Capri, with walls, gates, and drawbridges, and a pop. of 1627. Till 1876 it communicated with Anacapri, on the western tableland, by a rock-hewn flight of 536 steps; now, however, there is a carriage-road between the two places. The coast is precipitous, with only two safe landing-places, both near Capri. The island was the scene of the last infamous debaucheries of the Emperor Tiberius. Ruins are still found of Roman baths, aqueducts, and villas. The wine of Capri, both red and white, is well known; and delicious quails, alighting on the island during their migrations to and from Africa, are taken in nets. To the west of the town of Capri is the Grotta Azzurra (Blue Grotto), a remarkable cavern, 118 feet long, 98 wide, and 40 high, but entered from the sea by a narrow opening not more than 3 feet high. See Gregorovius, Island of Capri (trans. Boston 1879); Alan Walters, A Lotos-Eater in Capri (1893).