The specimens experimented on measured 3 ft. by 1 1/2 ft. by 11/2 ft.

Name of Wood.

Average weight per cub. ft.

Deflection in in.

Weight producing deflection in 11).

Breaking weight in lb.

Remarks.

Billian Chingy ..

60

5/10

408

913

Hard, close-grained, fine-fibred, but very much inferior to Billian Wangy; of a brownish grey colour; readily attacked by insects and dry rot; used for flooring joists.

Billian Wangy ..

72

5/16

473

1038

Very hard, durable, heavy, close-grained, fibre long, is not liable to be attacked by worms or white ants; beams of 50 ft. long and 18 in. square can be obtained. Very suitable for roofing timber, girders, joists, and timber bridges.

Darroo........

61

7/10

840

1300

Much used for beams of houses and door frames; durable, if kept either wet or dry, but rots soon if exposed to sun and rain; colour white, close-grained, fracture long; has an agreeable smell.

Johore Cedar

40 1/2

5 /8

410

616

Well adapted for house-building purposes, as in the manufacture of doors, windows, and flooring planks. Fracture short, timber open-grained, and is not liable to be worm-eaten.

Johore Rosewood, or Kayu Merah.

38

5/3

583

952

Resembles rosewood in appearance, and used largely in cabinet-work and household furniture.

Johore Teak, or Ballow.

73

5/8

737

1210

Well adapted for permanent sleepers, beams, piles, ship-building, engineering, and general purposes where strength and durability are required. Piles which have been in the ground for 100 years have been found in a good state of preservation. One of the few woods which will really stand the climate of India. Colour dull grey.

Jolotong

29

5/8

280

732

Well adapted for patterns and mouldings, excellent for carving purposes; grain very close, scarcely any knots, colour whitish yellow, fracture short, but not very durable.

Name of Wood.

Average Weight per cub. ft.

Deflection in in.

Weight Producing Deflection in lb.

Breaking Weight in lb.

Remarks.

Krangee ..........

77

5/8

980

1339

Very hard, close-grained, well adapted for beams of every description. White ants or other insects do not touch it. Well adapted for piles for bridges in fresh or salt water; also used for junks' masts; stands well when sawn, ranks with Tampenis for durability. Fracture long, fibres tough, colour dark red.

Kruen..............

50

5/8

472

625 1/3

Close-grained, tough fibres, and resembling yellow pine. Used for native boats, planks, etc. Contains a kind of dammar-like oleo-resin.

Kulim, or Johore Ironwood.

73

5/8

766

1141

Somewhat similar to Ballow. Used for planking cargo boats; fracture short ; makes superior beams and telegraph-

Marbow, Murboo. or Marraboo.

61

5/10 to

5/8

399 to 578

894 to 987

Durable, principally used for furniture, readily worked, and takes polish well ; also used for flooring beams, timber bridges, carriage bodies, and framing of vessels; trees 4 ft. diam. are sometimes obtained; not readily attacked by white ants, but is by worms. Colour almost like English oak.

Panaga...............

72

5/10

688

1310

Bright red, very hard and durable, well adapted for roofing timbers, joists, and timber work of bridges; very cross-grained and difficult to work; can be obtained in any quantity to 9 in. square. Fracture short.

Samaran................

42

5/8

326

532

Well adapted for doors, windows, moulding, and other house-building purposes; close and even grained, dull-red colour, short fracture, but liable to attacks of white ants.

47

5/8

438

737i

Of a dull-red colour, close-grained, and largely used in house-building, for boxes, boards, etc.

Tainpenis...............

G7

7/10+

802

1599+

Very hard, close-grained, red-coloured, long-fibred, and tough. Well adapted for beams of every description; white ants and other insects do not touch it. Used largely for bridge piles in fresh or salt water; considered one of the most lasting timbers ; warps if cut in planks.

Tumboosoo................

67

5/10

306

548

Capital for piles, or for any wood-work which is exposed to the action of fresh or salt water; not attacked by worms or white ants. Fracture short.