This section is from the book "Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual For Handicraftsmen And Amateurs", by Edward Spon. Also available from Amazon: Spons' Mechanics' Own Book.
The specimens experimented on measured 3 ft. by 1 1/2 ft. by 11/2 ft.
Name of Wood.
Average weight per cub. ft.
Deflection in in.
Weight producing deflection in 11).
Breaking weight in lb.
Billian Chingy ..
Billian Wangy ..
Very hard, durable, heavy, close-grained, fibre long, is not liable to be attacked by worms or white ants; beams of 50 ft. long and 18 in. square can be obtained. Very suitable for roofing timber, girders, joists, and timber bridges.
Johore Rosewood, or Kayu Merah.
Resembles rosewood in appearance, and used largely in cabinet-work and household furniture.
Johore Teak, or Ballow.
Well adapted for permanent sleepers, beams, piles, ship-building, engineering, and general purposes where strength and durability are required. Piles which have been in the ground for 100 years have been found in a good state of preservation. One of the few woods which will really stand the climate of India. Colour dull grey.
Name of Wood.
Average Weight per cub. ft.
Deflection in in.
Weight Producing Deflection in lb.
Breaking Weight in lb.
Very hard, close-grained, well adapted for beams of every description. White ants or other insects do not touch it. Well adapted for piles for bridges in fresh or salt water; also used for junks' masts; stands well when sawn, ranks with Tampenis for durability. Fracture long, fibres tough, colour dark red.
Close-grained, tough fibres, and resembling yellow pine. Used for native boats, planks, etc. Contains a kind of dammar-like oleo-resin.
Kulim, or Johore Ironwood.
Somewhat similar to Ballow. Used for planking cargo boats; fracture short ; makes superior beams and telegraph-
Marbow, Murboo. or Marraboo.
399 to 578
894 to 987
Durable, principally used for furniture, readily worked, and takes polish well ; also used for flooring beams, timber bridges, carriage bodies, and framing of vessels; trees 4 ft. diam. are sometimes obtained; not readily attacked by white ants, but is by worms. Colour almost like English oak.
Bright red, very hard and durable, well adapted for roofing timbers, joists, and timber work of bridges; very cross-grained and difficult to work; can be obtained in any quantity to 9 in. square. Fracture short.
Well adapted for doors, windows, moulding, and other house-building purposes; close and even grained, dull-red colour, short fracture, but liable to attacks of white ants.
Of a dull-red colour, close-grained, and largely used in house-building, for boxes, boards, etc.
Very hard, close-grained, red-coloured, long-fibred, and tough. Well adapted for beams of every description; white ants and other insects do not touch it. Used largely for bridge piles in fresh or salt water; considered one of the most lasting timbers ; warps if cut in planks.
Capital for piles, or for any wood-work which is exposed to the action of fresh or salt water; not attacked by worms or white ants. Fracture short.