47. Viola Rafinésquii Greene. Field Pansy

Fig. 2969

Viola tenella Muhl. Cat. 26. 1813. Not Poiret. 1810. Viola Rafinesquii Greene, Pittonia 4: 9. 1899.

Glabrous, annual, with slender stem, 3'-8' high, often branched from the base; leaves small, the lowest 3"-5" wide, suborbicular, on slender petioles, the upper obovate to linear-oblanceolate, sparsely crenulate, attenuate at the base; stipules pectinately cut, the upper segment elongate, narrowly spatulate, mostly entire; internodes usually exceeding the leaves; flowers small, but the obovate bluish-white to cream-colored petals nearly twice the length of the lanceolate sepals; seeds light brown, a little more than \" long.

In fields and open woods, New York to Michigan, south to Georgia and Texas. April-May. Field-violet.

48. Viola Tricolor L. Pansy. Lady's-Delight. Heartsease

Fig. 2970

Viola tricolor L. Sp. Pl. 935. 1753.

Glabrous or pubescent, 4'-12' high; stem angled and often branched; upper leaves oval or lanceolate, 1/2' - 1' Iong, the lower ovate, often cordate, all crenate-serrate; stipules foliaceous, laciniate or lyrate-pinnatifid; flowers 8"-1' broad, variously colored with yellow, purple or white.

In waste places, sparingly escaped from gardens. May-July. Introduced from Europe. English names from 40 to 50, among which are johnny jump-up or johnny jumper, monkey's face, love-in-idleness, fancy, biddy's eyes, herb trinity, cats' faces, flamy, garden gate. Garden- or trinity-violet. Kisses. Kiss-me. Hearts'-pansy. Battlefield flower. Stepmother. Cupid's-delight. None-so-pretty. Usually more or less impure, the garden pansy being the product of frequent crosses of Viola tricolor with allied species of the Old World.

48 Viola Tricolor L Pansy Lady s Delight Heartseas 131248 Viola Tricolor L Pansy Lady s Delight Heartseas 1313

49. Viola Arvénsis Murray. European Field Pansy

Fig. 2971

Viola arvensis Murray, Prodr. Stirp. Goett. 73. 1770.

Similar to V. Rafinesquii but stouter, often io'-I3' high, erect, or branching and decumbent; leaf-blades ovate to lanceolate, noticeably crenate; stipules more coarsely pectinate, the upper lobe usually much enlarged, oblanceolate and sparsely crenate; petals usually shorter than the lanceolate acute sepals, pale yellow, sometimes the upper with violet tips, and the spurred petal deep yellow at the base; capsule globose; seeds brown, narrowly obovoid, about $' long.

Cultivated fields, naturalized from Europe, Newfoundland and Ontario, south, occasionally, to North Carolina. April-Oct.