Low tufted diffusely branched shrubs, with small subulate or scale-like, imbricated leaves, and numerous yellow flowers terminating short branches. Petals 5, obovate-oblong. Stamens ∞. Style filiform, continuous with the ovary; placentae 3; stigma minute. Capsule I-celled, 3-valved, included in the calyx. Seeds few; embryo slender, spirally curved. [Named for Wm. Hudson, 1730-1793, an English botanist.]

A genus of 3 species, natives of eastern North America, one inhabiting mountain tops in North Carolina. Plants of heath-like aspect, very showy when in bloom. Type species: Hudsonia cricoides L.

Flowers slender-pedicelled; leaves subulate.


H. ericoides.

Flowers nearly sessile or short-pedicelled; leaves scale-like.


H. tomentosa.

2 Hudsonia L Mant 11 74 1767 1254

1. Hudsonia Ericoides L. Heath-Like Hudsonia

Fig. 2912

Hudsonia ericoides L. Mant. 1: 74. 1767.

Bushy-branched from the base, greenish, softly-pubescent throughout, 4'-7' high, the principal branches slender, ascending. Leaves subulate, 3"-4" long, somewhat spreading, densely imbricated on the younger branches, more scattered on the older ones; pedicels very slender, 5"-8" long; flowers numerous, about 4" broad; sepals 2"-3" long, acutish; stamens 12-18; capsule oblong, slightly pubescent; seeds about 3.

In dry sandy soil, especially in pine-barrens, mainly near the coast, Newfoundland to New York and Virginia. Field-pine. Poverty-grass. American heath. May-June.

1 Hudsonia Ericoides L Heath Like Hudsonia 1255

2. Hudsonia Tomentòsa Nutt. Woolly Hudsonia. False Heather

Fig. 2913

Hudsonia tomentosa Nutt. Gen. 2: 5. 1818.

H. tomentosa intermedia Peck, Rep. N. Y. State Mus. 45: 86. 1893.

Densely tufted and intricately branched, matted, hoary-pubescent, pale, 4'-8' high; branches stout, ascending. Leaves about 1" long, oval or oblong, densely imbricated and appressed; flowers sessile, or on rather stout pedicels less than 3" long, numerous, slightly smaller than those of the preceding species; sepals obtuse; stamens 9-18; capsules ovoid, glabrous, usually I-seeded.

In sands of the seashore and in pine-barrens, New Brunswick to Virginia, and on sand hills and lake and river shores west to Mackenzie, Manitoba, North Dakota and Wisconsin. May-July. Poverty- or bear-grass. Dog's-dinner. Poverty-plant. Heath. Ground-moss or -cedar. Beach-heather.

3. LÈCHEA Kalm; L. Sp. Pl. 90. 1753.

Perennial branching herbs, often woody at the base, with small entire leaves and minute panicled greenish or purplish flowers. Sepals 5, the 2 outer smaller and narrower. Petals 3, ovate to linear, inconspicuous, persistent. Stamens 3-12. Stigmas 3, nearly sessile, laciniate, prominent when the plant is in flower. Capsule 3-valved, 3-celled, or by obliteration of the dissepiments I-celled, about 6-seeded. Embryo curved or spiral. [Named for Johan Leche, a Swedish botanist, died 1764.]

A genus of about 14 species, 11 of them natives of eastern North America, 1 Texan, 1 Cuban and 1 Mexisan. Type species: Lechea minor L. Species indiscriminately known as Pin-weeds. The characteristic basal shoots appear late in the season.

Leaves of the basal shoots oblong or ovate, not more than 3 times as long as broad.

Outer sepals longer than the inner; panicle very leafy.


L. minor.

Outer sepals equalling or shorter than the inner.

Pod oblong; pedicels slender, 1"-2" long.


L. racemulosa.

Pod globose; pedicels about 1/2" long.

Erect, villous-pubescent.


L. villosa.

Ascending, bushy-branched, tomentose-canescent.


L. maritima.

Leaves of the basal shoots lanceolate or linear, usually more than 3 times as long as broad.

Stem-leaves narrowly linear; inner sepals 1-nerved.


L. tenuifolia.

Stem-leaves oblong-linear; inner sepals 3-nerved.

Plants green, more or less pubescent.

Pod obovoid, 1/2" in diameter; panicle-branches ascending or spreading.


L. Leggettii.

Pod globose, about 1" in diameter; panicle-branches nearly erect, loosely flowered;

flowers slender-pedicelled.


L. intermedia.

Pod oval, about 1/2" in diameter; panicle-branches erect-ascending, densely flowered;

flowers short-pedicelled.


L. juniperina.

Plant pale, canescent; pod globose, 1/2" in diameter.


L. striata.