3. Sida Hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby. Virginia Mallow

Fig. 2862

Napaea hermaphrodita L. Sp. Pl. 686. 1753.

Sida Napaea Cav. Diss. 5: 277. pl. 132. f. I. 1788.

S. hermaphrodita Rusby, Mem. Torr. Club 5: 223. 1894.

Perennial, nearly glabrous, branching, 4°-10° high. Leaves petioled, 3'-6' wide, ovate-orbicular, deeply 3-7-lobed or cleft, the lobes lanceolate or ovate, the middle one commonly longest, all incised-dentate, acute or acuminate; flowers white, 9"-12" broad, numerous in terminal corymbose panicles; pedicels, calyx and petioles of the upper leaves finely pubescent; calyx-lobes short and broad, acute; carpels about 10, acute, dehiscent at the top.

Along rivers, in rocky places, southern Pennsylvania to Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia and Tennessee. Summer.

4. Sida HederÓcea Torr. Round-Leaved Sida

Fig. 2863

Sida hederacea Torr.; A Gray, Mem. Am. Acad.

4: 23. 1849. Malva hederacea Dougl.; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 1:

107. 1830.

Perennial, decumbent, densely stellate-canes-cent. Leaves reniform to broadly ovate. inequilateral, 2' wide or less; flowers solitary or few together in the axils, the peduncles recurved in fruit; petals white or yellowish; calyx 5-angled, its lobes ovate-lanceolate, acuminate; fruit short, conic, of 6 to 10 carpels.

In moist, often saline soil, Kansas to Texas, Mexico, Wyoming, Washington and California.

4 Sida Heder Cea Torr Round Leaved Sida 1205

7. AB┘TILON [Tourn.] Mill. Gard. Dict. Abr. Ed. 4. 1754.

Herbs or shrubs, sometimes trees in tropical countries, mostly soft-pubescent, with cordate angular or lobed leaves and axillary flowers. Involucels none. Calyx 5-cleft. Stamen-column anther bearing at the apex. Cavities of the ovary 5-∞, 3-9-ovuled. Style-branches the same number as the ovary-cavities, stigmatic at the apex; carpels 2-valved, often rostrate, falling away from the axis at maturity. Seeds more or less reniform, the upper ascending, the lower pendulous or horizontal. [Name given by the celebrated Arabian physician Avi-cenna (Ibn Sina), died 1037.]

About 100 species, natives of warm and tropical regions of both hemispheres. In addition to the following typical one, some 15 others inhabit the southern and southwestern parts of the United States.

4 Sida Heder Cea Torr Round Leaved Sida 1206

1. Abutilon Ab˙tilon (L.) Rusby. Velvet Leaf. Indian Mallow

Fig. 2864

Sida Abutilon L. Sp. Pl. 685. 1753. Abutilon Theophrasti Medic. Malv. 28. 1787. Abutilon Avicennae Gaertn. Fruct. et Sem. 2: 251.

pl. 135. 1791. A. Abutilon Rusby, Mem. Torr. Club 5: 222. 1894.

Annual, stout, 3°-6° high, branched, densely and finely velvety-pubescent. Leaves long-petioled, cordate, ovate-orbicular, 4'-12' wide, dentate, or nearly entire, acuminate, the tip blunt; flowers yellow, 6"-9" broad, axillary, solitary; peduncles stout, shorter than the petioles; head of fruit 1' in diameter or more; carpels 12-15, pubescent, dehiscent at the apex, each valve beaked by a slender awn.

In waste places, frequent or common throughout our area, except the extreme north. Naturalized or adventive from southern Asia, and widely distributed as a weed in warm countries. American jute or hemp. Indian hemp. Cotton-, sheep-or mormon-weed. Butter-button- or velvet-weed. Pie-print or -marker. Butter-print. Aug.-Oct.