Dry Yeast

Boil two large potatoes and a handful of hops (the latter in a bag) in three pints water; when done, take out potatoes, mash well, add one pint flour, and pour boiling hot water over all; beat well together, adding one table-spoon salt, one of ginger, and one-half cup sugar; when hike-warm add one cup good yeast and let stand two days (or only one day, if very warm weather), stirring down frequently; add good white corn meal until thick enough to make into cakes about half an inch in thickness; place to dry in the shade (never expose to the sun or to stove heat) where the air will pass freely, so as to dry them as soon as possible, as the fermentation goes on as long as there is any moisture; turn the cakes frequently, breaking them up somewhat, or even crumbling, so they will dry out evenly and quickly; when thoroughly dried put in a paper sack, and keep in a dry place. A small cake will make a sponge sufficient to bake five or six ordinary loaves. - Mrs. E. T. Carson.

Farmers' Yeast

A yeast which is especially good for the use of farmers, and others who use a great deal of bread and bake frequently, is made as follows: Take a handful of impressed or two ounces of pressed hops (those showing the pollen dust are best), put them in one quart of water, with four ordinary potatoes, and boil till the potatoes are well cooked; mash all together, and strain through a linen strainer, add flour enough to make a thick batter; a tea-spoon salt, a tablespoon pulverized ginger and half a cup sugar; set it back on the fire and let it come to a boil, stirring constantly, and set by to cool; when only milk warm add a cup of old yeast, or two cakes grocers' dry hop yeast, or half a cup bakers'. This will be light in two or three hours. The yeast may be made perpetual, by saving a cup when started, but it must be kept from freezing in winter and in a cool place in summer. This is a good mode, and acceptable to all who prefer yeast bread. - Mrs. H. Young,

Hop Yeast

Place a handful of hops in two quarts of cold water, boil slowly for a half hour, strain boiling hot on one pint flour and one tablespoon salt (gradually at first in order to mix smoothly); "when lukewarm add a half pint of yeast, and set in a warm place to rise. When light, cover and keep in a cool place. - Mrs. M. J. Woods.


Pare and boil four ordinary-sized potatoes, boiling at the same time in a separate vessel a good handful of hops. When the potatoes are done, mash fine and add, after straining, the water in which the hops were boiled; put into this one cup white sugar and one-half cup salt, and add sufficient water to make one gallon; when cold add one cup of good yeast, let stand in a warm place for a few hours until it will " sing" on being stirred, when it is ready for use. Keep covered in a cellar or cool place. - Mrs. C. M.

Yeast Without Yeast

This requires no yeast to raise it, and has been called the "best yeast in the world." Monday morning, boil one pint hops in two gallons water for half an hour, strain into a crock and let the liquid become lukewarm, add two even tea-spoons salt and half a pint best brown sugar; mix half a pint flour smooth with some of the liquor, and stir all well together. On Wednesday, add three pounds potatoes boiled and mashed, stir well and let stand till Thursday, then strain and put in stone-jugs, but for the first day or two leave-the corks quite loose. Stir the yeast occasionally while making, and keep near the fire. It should be made two weeks before using, aud will keep any length of time, improving with age. Keep it in a cool place, and shake the jug before pouring from it, but with the cork out, holding the palm of the hand over the mouth to prevent the escape of the yeast.