A cushion is placed just behind her chair, and half a dozen boys are called out singly, one after another, to go down on one knee behind her and glance over her shoulder into the mirror.
As each face appears reflected in the looking-glass she rubs it out with her handkerchief, until the partner with whom she wants to dance is reflected. Then she rises, giving him her hand, and they dance away together, her place being taken by another little girl.
A shower of small gold and silver ribbon-decked balls make a charming exchange of favours. The boys have gold balls given them and the girls silver ones. At a given signal the balls are tossed into the air, and the girls and boys whose balls have a corresponding ribbon dance together.
the dance Photos, Gladys Beattie Crozier
Fig. 5. Comparing balloons in order to select a partner for little 'girl as his partner
The cotillon may well wind up with the Fencing with Powder-puffs Figure .
Two boys are called out and are each armed with long pliable wands bound in silver ribbon (to give the idea of steel) and tipped with powder-puffs which have been sprinkled with white powder.
A Bloodless Duel
A little girl stands beyond each couple of fencers, and at a signal the fencing bout begins, and the fencer who first succeeds in placing a dab of powder on his opponent's coat dances off with the little maiden as a prize.
In devising the accessories for the various figures, and the favours by the matching or exchanging of which the children find or choose their partners, artistic taste and skilful fingers are everything, for home-made favours are far prettier than anything one can buy even in Paris, and it would be hard to find a pleasanter or more engrossing occupation for the grown-up members of a Christmas house party than the preparing of the countless gay trifles which will play such an important part in the success of the party.
The reins for the chariot races should be of 2 1/2-inch-wide satin ribbon - old rose colour or powder blue is charming, and will harmonise with anybody's frock - liberally adorned with gold and silver bells. The whips are short hazel-wood wands bound with ribbon, with ribbon loops to form the lash.
The charioteer's wreaths are made of tiny pink and blue crinkled paper roses entwined with narrow gold braid, long ends of which are left to tie the wreath on with.
The powder-puff-tipped fencing foils consist also of hazel wands bound with strips of silver tissue, with a stiff green satin bow tied just above the handle.
The baby incubator is one of the happiest and most ingenious contrivances of the age for the prevention of infant mortality, for by its aid countless weakly infants, who in former days would have died a few hours after birth, are reared into merry, laughing, romping children, who show no trace, after the first few months, of their former delicacy.
Invented by a former house-surgeon in 1907, it has already performed perfect miracles of life-saving.
Its record performance was reached when a wee mortal who had opened its eyes upon the world far too soon, and who actually weighed only 2 lb. 1 oz. at birth (less than a third of the weight of the average newly-born infant), was reared with its help into a thriving baby, to the delight of the poor mother and the pride of the whole hospital.
Since its invention the hospital has never lost a prematurely born but otherwise healthy child. In 1908 a baby weighing 2 lb. 6 oz. was reared in it, while a 3 lb. 9 oz. infant is regarded by the specially-trained incubator nurses as quite a strong, healthy baby for whom no fears need be entertained.
The way in which the ventilation of the baby incubator is worked and the heat regulated is most ingenious. The special nurse in charge sets the thermometer inside the incubator according to the heat at which it is desired to keep it, this usually varying from 900 to 85°, according to the vitality and prematurity of the small occupant. The first thermometer stands just beside the infant's head, while a second thermometer controls an alarm bell, which, should the temperature rise above the exact warmth fixed upon, continues ringing until the heat is reduced to the point at which the first thermometer is set, thus avoiding all possibility of accidents. .
The incubator is ventilated by air which, on entering from beneath it, is first filtered through a thin layer of cotton-wool; it then passes over the chamber in which the electric lamps are burning. and, thus warmed, passes through perforated holes in the floor of the incubator, and circulates over the baby before passing through the outlet, which is of sufficient size for adult ventilation, so that the little one gets a bounteous supply of life-giving oxygen.
The top of the incubator and the side and ends are made to open, thus rendering attention to the baby a very easy matter; and, indeed, the entire incubator is so simple to work that it is scarcely any more trouble to rear an infant in it than in a cradle.
One of the incubator's special charms is that it stands on four wheels, and so can be placed beside any bed in the building, and be attached to the electric current which is ready to be switched on from beside it. Since it has glass sides, the mother can keep her treasure in sight all the time, a 1 -though she may not actually touch it.
Each tiny inmate of the incubator usually remains there for from three weeks to a month, after which time the temperature is gradually lowered from 85 or 90 to about 75 when the baby is taken out, and partial incubation is arranged for it with, screens, hot-water bottles, and a basket on a chair placed close by the fire, until it is pronounced strong enough to be promoted to an ordinary cradle; and soon after this the delighted mother is allowed to come and take it away home with her.
The top of the incubator lifts up, and the side and ends also open, thus rendering attention to the baby a very easy matter"
The baby incubator now in constant use at the General Lying-in Hospital at York Road, Lambeth,
The skin of an infant which is prematurely born is, as a rule, far too delicate for it to wear the usual clothes from a layette prepared for an ordinary little one, or even to be bathed in the customary way. Instead, it is carefully oiled all over as quickly as possible, and gently wrapped in cotton-wool, while a wee woollen or muslin cap, also lined with cotton-wool, is put on to its head. It is now ready to be placed in the incubator, there to remain, if necessary, almost without handling, for several weeks.
A delightful set of dainty little garments has been provided for the inmates of the incubator by one of the old hospital sisters.
Baby incubators are not only used in hospitals and public institutions; they are in great request by private patients for the use of delicate children born in their own homes, and specially-trained nurses used to incubator work are often despatched from the hospital all over the country at a moment's notice.
An excellent baby incubator may be obtained for £7 15s., and can be warmed by either gas, oil, or electricity, but it is also possible to arrange to hire one for a specified length of time.
In cases where a child is born prematurely, or is very weakly at birth, and no proper incubator is to hand - in one of our distant colonies, or in India, for instance, and for people of limited means, who could not afford the expense of such an apparatus-an admirable substitute may be rigged up at a moment's notice, all that is absolutely required being an ordinary threefold kitchen clothes-horse, a couple of small sheets, some tape, a chair, a basket (half of a pilgrim hamper does excellently), and last, but not least, a reliable thermometer.
One sheet is tied round the three sides of the clothes-horse, while the second sheet is thrown over the top of it to form a roof, thus making a complete tent. The basket, fitted with the ordinary baby's bedding. is placed on the chair inside the tent, and the thermometer placed in an upright position at the head or foot of the improvised cradle, or fastened up inside the tent with the help of a safety-pin. If the whole apparatus is now turned so that the front of it faces the side of the nursery fender a beautifully warm and level temperature can be maintained.
In order to keep the cradle itself as warm as possible, three hot-water bottles with woollen covers, are placed in it, one at the foot of the basket, and one at either side of the child; or, in an emergency, if no hot-water bottles are forthcoming, bricks heated in the oven and wrapped in flannel or in rags, or even screw-stoppered bottles filled with hot water may take their place. The incubators should never be used except when ordered by a doctor.
Partial incubation with screens, hot-water bottles, etc.