This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
In layering evergreens we do different; some are twisted and some are tongued. As a general thing nurserymen and gardeners do not know how to make layers. With grape vines, leave every third eye on the layers; let the shoots run up six or eight inches in July; then fill in gradually; bend the vine short to stop the flow of sap. Evergreens like the Norway Spruce are resinous; if wounded in the spring or fall, the wound becomes covered with resin, and will not root Evergreen cuttings should be made in summer, when the sap is active and thin: cuttings will sometimes stand a year without rooting. Evergreens do not imbibe or perspire, and that is why they keep the verdant condition so long.
Mr. Barnes had experimented with grape cuttings; had succeeded with nearly all except the Delaware. Would layer it in a pot Most were anxious to get a top, but he thought it best to get a good root.
Mr. Carpenter had bad some experience in cuttings; had tried a different method with Evergreens; took laterals in the month of May, planted in the ground, and pressed the earth close. Lost five out of a hundred of the Siberian Arbor Vita). Made a large amount of roots. Take the twig close up; put it in the ground with the green part out Had tried it two seasons with perfect success.
Mr. Bridgeman said, every propagator has a mode of propagating different things. In England a propagator devotes his whole time to the subject No employer can enter a propagating house. No one can do justice to this subject by standing here every night in the year. It is just as easy to make fourteen plants as one from that twig, (taking up a piece of Arbor Vitae.) He would just as soon think of budding a tree in a dormant state as layering a plant in a dormant state. He did not find fault with Mr. Fuller's mode, but he had one of his own. Every man has a different mode.
"House Plants" were selected for the next meeting, and the Society adjourned. The Society met again December 10, 1661, Mr. Degrauw in the chair.
Mr. Mead opened the meeting as usual, with remarks on the plants and flowers on the table. [Mr. Bridgeman exhibited Hyacinths, Tulips, Tuberoses, etc. Mr. Isaac Buchanan exhibited a collection of rare cut flowers. Mrs. Humphries exhibited a basket of flowers.] Mr. Mead called on Mr. Bridgeman for remarks on his bulbs.
Mr. Bridgeman said, there is a want of knowledge why some tuberoses will not flower. He would like the gardeners to say whether the six roots he held in his hand would flower. Called on Mr. Brophy.
Mr. Brophy usually consulted with counsel when he had any thing difficult to decide upon. [He is a lawyer] Had submitted the case to judges: this bulb will flower, and will produce such a flower as would do credit to the garden of Eden.
Mr. Bridgeman expressed the belief that it would not bloom at all.
At this moment the gas went out, and while the meter was being fixed, Mr. Mead talked about growing plants in rooms. The gas being lighted again, Mr. Bridgeman resumed his remarks. He said the season here. is too short to bring forth a tuberose unless the bulb is perfect: a perfect bulb is one in which the flower-stalk rests upon the base; if it starts a quarter of an inch it will not flower another year. This bulb is just showing the flower-stalk; this is perfect, and none will flower but this. The discovery is to be made while the bulb is ripening. These bulbs have flowered, and will not bloom again; they are exhansted. Can judge by the depression on one side where the flower has been. Firm, solid, and not over large bulbs usually flower. Under the most favorable circumstances tuberoses will not always bloom.
Mr. Brophy asked what was meant by the season not being long enough.
Mr. Bridgeman replied, that if the season had been six weeks longer, this bulb would have ripened its flower-stalk. A long season does not always favor the tuberose.
Mr. Brophy asked if the difficulty would be obviated If grown altogether in a green-house.
Mr. Bridgeman said, not altogether successful; the atmosphere is not desirable; the tips of spikes are apt to dampen off. Some bulbs are propagated by flakes, each fluke forming one or two bulbs; place flakes in damp moss, and leave there till the bulbs are formed.
It was asked, What is the effect of detaching the small bulbs from the tuberose?
Mr. Bridgeman replied, that the bulbs would be much stronger by leaving them on till perfected. He then explained how the flower is formed in the hyacinth, narcissus, and tulip. He said it required not so hasty a hand to display the tulip; it is composed of circular cones throughout.
Mr. Mead thought he should have given a smacking illustration of tulips. (The ladies smiled approvingly).
Mr. Mead then resumed his remarks on the cultivation of plants in rooms. [These remarks occupied nearly an hour, and we omit them here for reasons already stated. Our readers will have our views on this subject soon. Our object now is to "bring up" these proceedings. - ED].
The subject of Parlor Plants was continued over to next meeting.
The next meeting was held January 14, 1862. Mr. Degrauw being ill, Mr. Barnes was placed in the chair.
Mr. Mead opened the meeting by remarks on the objects on the table. [These remarks we omit again; they were chiefly on skeleton leaves. We will add briefly, that Mr. Platt, of Clinton Avenue, exhibited an exceedingly beautiful vase of prepared or skeletonised leaves; Mr. C. B. Miller exhibited paintings of autumnal leaves and groups of flowers very nicely done; Mrs. Humphries exhibited a beautiful bouquet].
Mr. Fuller. - There is a gentleman here to-night, Mr. Knox, the "Strawberry King," who has a strawberry patch of fifty acres. I should like to hear from him, and why our market is supplied by the small berries of New Jersey.