This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
I wish to invite your attention to a new seedling Grape, which has been raised in this vicinity, and which, I think, will be a valuable acquisition to the country. It was originated by E. W. Bull, of Concord, in this State, who has been engaged for some years in raising seedlings from our native Grapes, and is the second remove from the wild type. It has been in bearing four years, and has proved constant to its quality, and has ripened a full crop on the open trellis when the Isabella, against the house, has failed to ripen a single bunch. It ripens one month before the Isabella - its full season being the 10th of September - and the first ripe bunch of this season was shown at the room of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society on the third of September. It is large in bunch and berry, of a beautiful ruddy black, covered with a dense blue bloom, with a very thin skin, very tender and juicy, with hardly any pulp; and a fine aromatic taste, instead of the musky flavor of the Isabella, and is certainly superior to that variety in quality, while it is fully equal to it in vigor of growth and abundant bearing.
The want of a Grape which shall be early, hardy and prolific, while it is good for the table and wine, has long been felt in this northern part of our country; and I believe this Grape of Mr. Bull's will meet that want, and as it is as easy of culture as it is hardy, will come within the views of all who wish to cultivate the Grape.
[If the Concord should really prove, on further and more extended trial, to be not only very much earlier than the Isabella, but quite superior in quality, it will be a great acquisition; but it strikes us as somewhat remarkable that it is free from the foxy perfume of our native Grapes. - Ed].
I saw in the February number of the Horticulturist an advertisement of the Concord Grape, where its merits are set forth in very glowing terms. I hope it will prove equal to what is claimed for it. Mr. Hovey says it is four weeks earlier than the Isabella. I think this is doubtfuL You will find, on file in the American office, that Mr. Lovecraft put ripe Isabella Grapes in the show-case in the Arcade on the sixth day of September last Mr. Booth also says that he had Isabella Grapes ripe the first week in September last, in proof of which he refers to his memorandum book of that time. When I pruned Mr. Ebenezer Watts' vines this winter, he told me that he had packed thirty boxes of his Isabella Grapes about the twentieth of September lost. He is not at home just now, or I would have more accurate information. It would be doing an injustice to the Isabella to allow the impression to go abroad that it does not get ripe till a month after the third of September - the time Mr. Hovey says the Concord Grape was ripe last season.
Jas. Lennon. - Rochester.
It is not at all uncommon for the Isabella to ripen here, in favored exposures, early in September. But there mnst be a wide difference between Concord and Rochester, in regard to the ripening of fruits; for Mr. Bull says that he has cultivated the Isabella fifteen years, without ripening it, and that the Concord ripens on the 10th of September.