This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
H. N. Langworthy would like to have gentlemen talk freely about the best method of cultivating the Grape. The finest Grapes, he often observed, were those that were grown on part of vines that had run up among the branches of some neighboring apple, or other tree, where they seemed to fully ripen in the shade. From this, he argued that the sun was not necessary to ripen the Grape - it seemed to require warm air.
Mr. Hodge hardly thought the Isabella Grape would ripen well in the neighborhood of Rochester, in ordinary seasons.
Mr. Barry thought, with proper culture, the Isabella Grape could be ripened in Rochester almost every season. He referred to the beautiful, well-ripened Isabellas raised by Mr. McKay, of Naples, Ontario Co., and called upon Mr. Johnson, who resided in the neighborhood of Mr. McKay, to give the meeting some information as to his mode of culture, profits, etc.
Mr. Johnson had been somewhat interested with Mr. McKay in the culture of the Grape. He pruned very close every season, and trained his vines on wire trellises some seven feet high. The lower branches were trained very near the ground. The vines were one rod apart each way, making one hundred and sixty to the acre. He thoroughly manured. The fruit ripened every season perfectly. The soil is gravelly, with a clay subsoil, and a northeastern exposure. The product is about $1,200 per acre. Mostly sold at fifteen cents per pound.
Mr. Flower, of Syracuse, stated that a gentleman near Syracuse had sold $800 worth of Grapes from half an acre.
Mr. Hodge was acquainted with Mr. McKay's Grapes. They are ripe Grapes - a beantifnl black. Not one-quarter of the people of Buffalo ever saw a ripe Isabella Grape.
Mr. Ainsworth, of Bloomfield, was acquainted with Mr. McKay's Grapes. He has a favorable situation. He prunes very thoroughly both in the winter and in the summer, and thus the shade is lessened, and the fruit exposed to the light and air. Got a fair crop the third year after planting. At present prices, the cultivator can depend upon from $500 to $800 per acre profit.
Mr. Barry thought that this discussion must have convinced all that the Isabella Grape will ripen here every season; and that the raising, of hardy Grapes is not only profitable, but exceedingly so.
Some remarks were made by Messrs. Johnson and Ainsworth in regard to their method of pruning the Grape.