Oftentimes in the development of the flower garden the owner wishes for a massing of annual flowering plants to produce certain definite outlines. The amateur in selecting types for such effects will not be successful if he uses plants with habits of growth not adapted to the refinement of detail in the design being produced. Some annuals, like the dwarf snapdragon, French marigold, annual phlox, and dwarf zinnia, will develop within small spaces to produce complicated designs. Others like late asters, tall snapdragons, tall zinnias, and African marigolds lend themselves successfully only to simple bedding effects with larger and less complicated units.

The incorrect selection of annuals results in the following errors: (1) Loss of all trace of the original design because growth of plants used is out of scale with intent of the design (loose-growing, tall plants cannot maintain neat lines of a compact design); (2) Irregular and spotted flowering effect, because definite masses of plants do not bloom at the same time (e. g., early-flowering asters and late-flowering calendulas do not bloom at the same time).

The best rule to adopt is to become thoroughly familiar with the flowering period and with the normal height to which the different types of annuals will grow. No other way is so good as to buy packets of seed and grow some of the different sorts for a season. The woody and herbaceous perennial plants are as a rule sold as named varieties which are thoroughly understood the world over; but no such uniformity exists in regard to the seedsman's names for annual plants. It is not uncommon for seedsmen to sell identical seeds under different trade names or to give the same name to entirely different strains of seed. Therefore seeds of annuals should be bought of a reliable seedsman, preferably one who grows the seed, and one should not utilize novelties or unknown strains of seed in bedding work. By sticking to the best seedsmen and their established strains of seed excellent results will follow.

a. Low-growing sorts, growing twelve to twenty-four inches:

Antirrhinum majus nanum (in variety)

Half-dwarf Snapdragon Calendula officinalis (in variety)

Pot Marigold

Callistephus chinensis King type Quilled China Aster

Callistephus chinensis Queen of the Market Early Half-dwarf China Aster

Centaurea cyanus Old-fashioned Cornflower

Clarkia pulchella Clustered-flowered Clarkia

Dianthus barbatus Sweet William

Dimorphotheca aurantiaca

Orange Daisy Eschscholtzia californica

California Poppy Gaillardia pulchella picta

Blanket Flower

Hunnemannia fumariaefolia Mexican Poppy

Matthiola incana Common Stock

Matthiola incana annua Ten-week Stock

Petunia hybrida (in variety)

Petunia Phlox drummondi (in variety)

Drummond's Phlox

Salpiglossis sinuaia (in variety) Painted Tongue

Tagetes erecta African Marigold

Tagetes patula French Marigold

Verbena hybrida Verbena

Zinnia elegans Zinnia b. Taller sorts, growing twenty-four to thirty-six inches:

Antirrhinum majus (in variety) Snapdragon

Callistephus chinensis Cregos Giant Chrysanthemum-flowered China Aster

Callistephus chinensis Late-branching

Late-flowering China Aster Celosia argentea

Plumed Celosia

Clarkia elegans

Broad-leaved Clarkia

Delphinium ajacis Double Stock-flowering Annual Larkspur

Heliotropium regale Garden Heliotrope

Matthiola Mammoth Beauty of Nice Brompton Stocks

Tagetes erecta Lemon Queen Tall Double African Marigold

Tagetes erecta Orange Prince Tall Double African Marigold

Zinnia elegans robusta Tall Zinnia

Plate XXXVIII

Plate XXXVIII. During the winter months when there is little else in the shrub border to attract attention, the vivid colours of the twigs of many of our shrubs present interesting spots of colour against the background of evergreens or snow. (A) red-twigged dogwood; (B) green-stemmed dogwood; (C) red birch; (D) golden-twigged osier; (E) gray dogwood; (F) striped maple. (See page 169, group XXI)

Plate XXXIX

Plate XXXIX. What is more beautiful in the landscape than the intensely brilliant colours of the autumn foliage of many of our trees and shrubs? More plants should be used for the value of their autumn foliage effect. (A) burning bush; (B) dark green golden bell; (C) maple-leaved viburnum; (D) sassafras; (E) maidenhair tree; (F) sourwood. (See page 173, group XXII)