books



previous page: The Art Of Dispensing | Peter MacEwan
  
page up: Materia Medica Books
  
next page: Isopathic / Homeopathic Materia Medica | by Konrad Werthmann

The London Dispensatory | by Anthony Todd Thomson



Containing I. The Elements Of Pharmacy. II. The Botanical Description, Natural History, Chymical. Analysis, And Medicinal Properties, Of The Substances Of The Materia Medica. III. The Pharmaceutical Preparations And Compositions Of The Pharmacopceias Of London, Of Edinburgh, And Of Dublin. The Whole Forming A Practical Synopsis Of Materia Medica, Pharmacy, And Therapeutics.

TitleThe London Dispensatory
AuthorAnthony Todd Thomson
PublisherLongman, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longmans
Year1837
Copyright1837, Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longmans
AmazonPDR: Physicians Desk Reference

Illustrated With Many Useful Tables, And Wood-Cuts Of The Pharmaceutical Apparatus.

By Anthony Todd Thomson, M.D. F.L.S. G.S. Professor Of Materia Medica, Therapeutics, And Medical Jurisprudence, In University College, London;. Member Of The Royal College Of Physicians Of London : Fellow Of The Medical, The Speculative, And The Royal Physical Societies Of Edinburgh; The Societe D'emulation De Paris, And The Societe De Medecine De Marseilles.

Ninth Edition.

To Sir James Macgregor, Bart. M.D. F.R.S. Fellow Of The Royal Colleges Of Physicians Of London And Edinburgh; Physician Extraordinary To The King; And Director General Of The Army Medical Department, &C. &.C. Etc. As A Testimony Of Respect And Admiration For His Arduous And Well Directed Efforts To Promote The Cultivation Of General Science In The Public Department Under His Control; And, Consequently, To Elevate The Character Of The Medical Profession, This Volume Is Inscribed, By His Friend, The Author.

Advertisement

The author expected that the new edition of the London Pharmacopoeia would have been, by mutual concurrence of the three British Colleges of Medicine, a National work, a British Pharmacopoeia, free from many obsolete and useless articles of the Materia Medica, and a repository of all that has been found really useful. In these expectations, he has been disappointed; the London College has sent forth their new Pharmacopoeia, independent of the other two Colleges. Although in many respects the present edition of the London Pharmacopoeia is superior to its predecessor, yet it is far from being worthy of the present advanced state of medical science. The author has endeavoured in this edition of the Dispensatory to give all the new information which he has been able to collect, of a chymical kind, in connection with the pharmacy of the volume, and also in reference to the Natural History of the drugs. The importance of the latter is beginning to be properly appreciated, and the words of Celsus to be verified, "Naturae rerum con-templatio, quamvis non faciat Medicum, aptiorem tamen medicinee reddit."1

1 De Medicina, Lib. i. in Prooem.

-Preface To The First Edition
The unnecessary multiplication of books on the same subject may be said, with propriety, to be a great evil; and, therefore, in undertaking the compilation of the following Work, which in its arrangem...
-Preface To The First Edition. Continued
For the chymical part I have principally consulted the last editions of the System of Chemistry of Dr. Thomson, and that of my very ingenious friend Dr. Murray; the Annales de Chimie et de Physique; t...
-The London Dispensatory. Part I. Elements Of Pharmacy
PHARMACY is that branch of the science of chymistry which relates to the combination and mixture of different substances, for the purposes of medicine. Its practice presupposes a knowledge of the u...
-Section I. The Agents Which More Generally Influence Chymical, And, Thence, Pharmaceutical Combinations, Are Attraction And Repulsion
I. Attraction Attraction is the term employed to denote that power which causes bodies to approach towards each other, and which preserves them in a state of union after they come into contact. We ...
-A. Of Cohesion
The attraction of Cohesion is that force which retains together the particles of bodies at insensible distances. According to the degree of force which it exerts, substances assume the solid, the flui...
-B. Chymical Attraction, Or Affinity
Chymical attraction, or affinity, is that power by which dissimilar substances placed under certain circumstances are enabled to unite, and form new aggregates, in which the properties of the componen...
-Chymical Attraction, Or Affinity. Part 2
1. That quantity has a considerable share in influencing chymical affinity was first suggested by Berthollet, who states it as a canon, that combinations do not depend altogether on the attraction of ...
-Chymical Attraction, Or Affinity. Part 3
6. Efflorescence may also influence chymical affinity-a fact which was first observed by Scheele, who ascertained, that if in a paste composed of several saline substances decomposition is going on, o...
-II. Repulsion
Repulsion is that force which separates the particles of bodies from one another, and consequently counteracts or modifies the attractions by which they are combined and preserved together in masses. ...
-A. Caloric
The cause of the sensation of heat is denominated Caloric. Philosophers are not completely agreed whether it is a property only of bodies, such as a vibration of their particles1, or a peculiar substa...
-Caloric. Part 2. Distribution And Effects Of Free Caloric
From whatever source caloric is obtained, it passes from bodies in which it is accumulated in a free state into bodies which contain less of it, until both are brought to an equilibrium. The state of...
-Caloric. Part 3
For ordinary purposes, mercury is the fluid best adapted for thermometers, its expansion being most equable; but alcohol is used when great degrees of cold are to be measured. The thermometer commo...
-2. Light
Light, according to the theory of Newton, is a substance consisting of very subtile particles, which are constantly emanating in straight lines from the sun, the fixed stars, and incandescent bodies. ...
-3. Electricity And Galvanism
The phenomena of electricity depend on a very subtile fluid which is a powerful chymical agent, capable of producing immediate decompositions and new combinations. Galvanism appears to be essentially ...
-Section II. Constitution Of Solids
Every substance, whether it be regarded generally as forming a part of the mass of this globe, or particularly as an object of science, may be arranged in one or other of the three following classes: ...
-Constitution Of Solids. Part 2
1. Hard soap. (Part ii.) 2. Soft Soap. (Ibid.) Variety. Liniment of ammonia. (Part iii.) 3. Liniment of Limewater. (Ibid.) h. Solid vegetable substances. It is necessary to notice in this pla...
-Constitution Of Solids. Part 3
Officinal. Rhatany root, Galls, Uva Ursi, Tormentil, Rhubarb, Cinchona barks, Swietenia, Simarouba, Kino, Catechu, Willow bark. 12. Wax is a fixed oil: it consists of two distinct parts, one of whi...
-Constitution Of Solids. Part 4
Officinal. Atropa Belladonna and its extract. 30. Delphia, an alkali, the active principle of Delphinium Staphisagria. (See Part ii.) 31. Hyoscyama, an alkali, the active principle of Hyoscya-mu...
-II. Liquids
It has been already observed, that by throwing caloric into a solid body, or, in other words, heating it, the force of the attraction of cohesion, which preserved it in the solid state, is gradually w...
-2. Combination Of Liquids With One Another
When liquids are mixed together, they either unite in all proportions, or in certain determinate proportions only; or they cannot be united, but separate, howsoever carefully they be mixed together; o...
-3. Of The Combination Of Liquids With Solids
The principal liquids, the action of which upon solids has been examined, are water, alcohol, ether, petroleum, volatile oils, fixed oils, mercury, alkalies, and the acids' which have been already not...
-III. Gases
Gases are aeriform fluids, possessed of very different properties, but all agreeing in that peculiar kind of elasticity which constitutes aeriform bodies. 1. Constitution Of Gases The particles ...
-1. Of The Mixture Of Gases With Gases
1. Gases may be mixed together in the same manner as liquids, and with nearly similar results. Some never intimately combine, or are merely mechanically mingled, while others unite closely, and form n...
-2. Of The Combination Of Gases With Liquids
Water is the only liquid the action of which upon the gases has been accurately examined. In its ordinary state it contains in solution a considerable portion of atmospheric air, which can be separate...
-3. Of The Combination Of Gases With Solids
From the difference which exists between the constitution of gases and solids, their combination appears to be opposed by the elasticity of the former and the cohesion of the latter; but, nevertheless...
-Section III. Pharmaceutical Operations And Apparatus
The operations of pharmacy may be arranged under two classes: - I. Operations which are purely mechanical. II. Operations which are performed by chymical powers and agents. The first are inte...
-B. Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies
The cohesion of solid bodies often opposes an obstacle to their immediate chymical combination with other substances, and their medicinal action in the stomach; and therefore the following preliminary...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 2. Mechanical Separation
The parts of substances, under certain circumstances, may be separated from each other by different mechanical means; as sifting, washing, or elutriation, filtration, expression, and despumation. 1...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 3
The concentrated acids and alkaline solutions act too powerfully on the materials commonly employed for filters, to be filtered in the ordinary way; and therefore, when it is required that they should...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 4. II. Chymical Operations
The operations of Pharmacy, which are strictly chymical, may be arranged in three classes. a. Operations which produce changes in bodies, separating the constituents, without any obvious decomposit...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 5
For small processes, very good evaporating dishes are made of the bottoms of broken retorts and matrasses, which may be cut smooth round the edges by means of a hot iron or ring, d, with a wooden hand...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 6
By degrees the water in the refrigeratory becomes warm, and requires to be renewed; and thence the necessity of the tub being furnished with a stop-cock, by which the heated water may be drawn off wit...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 7
It is not required to be so large as the trough for water, and one part only need be sunk; the shelf should be on each side of this part, which is called the well; and it is useful to have an iron or ...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 8
In smaller operations, lixiviation may be conducted in glass matrasses, and the ley, which is the name given to the solution, filtered through a paper in a glass funnel. Maceration is that operatio...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 9
Dissolution is the appellation given to cases of solution accompanied with decomposition, or some alteration in the nature of the dissolved body. In general, the dissolution of a body is attended with...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 10
Crystallization, although it can scarcely be regarded as a species of precipitation, yet is very nearly allied to it. We have already noticed the theory of the operation, and therefore it only remains...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Fermentation
The constituents of vegetable matter, when separated from the living plant, and placed under certain circumstances, act upon one another, and a spontaneous decomposition takes place, even at the ordin...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Fermentation. Continued
Furnaces differ in construction, according to the particular purposes for which they are chiefly intended; but the following essential parts are common to all furnaces:-1st, The body or fire-place, fo...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Oxidizement Of Metals
This term signifies that process by which metals are converted into oxides, by absorbing oxygen from the air, when exposed to a certain degree of heat. The disengagement of the caloric and the light w...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 11
The same kind of coating maybe used for glass vessels which are to be exposed to a red heat. The following is the mode of applying it. After kneading the coating material, so as to render it very plas...
-Of The Mechanical Division Of Bodies. Part 12
All the cements containing lime and gelatinous substances become so very hard that they cannot be separated from glass vessels without the aid of a sharp knife and some force; and, therefore, they can...
-Appendix To Part I. Table Of Freezing Mixtures
The following Tables were drawn up by Mr. Walker from actual experiments. They show the degree of cold, or the reduction of temperature, which may be obtained by the different combinations mentioned i...
-No. II. Tables Of Simple Affinity
The following Tables were drawn up by Bergman, and additions made to them by others at different times. The substance, the attractions of which are to be shown, is placed at the head of a column, and ...
-No. III. Tables of the Specific Gravities of Substances, which are Articles of the Materia Medica, at a Temperature of 60° of Fahrenheit
Metals And Inflammables Mercury (distilled) - - 13.568 Sulphuret of mercury. 10.000 Bichloride of mercury 5.2 ...
-No. IV. Rules For Reducing The Volume Of Gases To A Mean Height Of The Barometer, And Mean Temperature
1. From the space occupied by any quantity of gas under an observed degree of pressure, to infer what its volume would be under the mean height of the barometer, taking this at 30 inches This is do...
-No. V.Tables Of The Correspondence Between Measures Of Weight And Capacity
Tables of the Correspondence between Measures of Weight and Capacity; according to the Estimations given by Sir George Shuckburgh Evelyn, in vol. 88 of the Phil. Trans,, corrected by Mr. Fletcher, in ...
-No. VI. Table Showing The Correspondence Between The New French And The English Weights And Measures
I. Measures of Length. The metre being at 32, and the foot at 62 English Inches. Millimetre = .03937 ...
-No. VII. Table Of The Solubility Of Pharmaceutical Salts In 100 Parts Water, At Acids
Acids 60 212 Arsenious....... 1.25 6 Benzoic......... 0.208 4.17 ...
-No. IX. Table In Which The Specific Gravity Is Compared With The Degrees Of Baume's Hydrometer
For Fluids lighter than Water. Degree of Areometer. Specific Gravity. By Baume. In Pharm. Batav. By Beck. 0 ...
-No. X. Terms Employed In Prescriptions
Congius, c, a gallon. Octarius, o, a pint. Fluid uncia, f j., 1/20 of a pint. Fluid drachma, ...
-No. XI. Classification Of Materia Medica Classes
i. Inorganica. ii. Organica-vel eorum productiones. Classis I. Inorganica Sub-classis 1. CALORICUS-utitur in forma a. Aeris calidae. b. Balnei calidi. c.-------tepidi. d.-------vapor...
-Classification Of Materia Medica Classes. Part 2
Order ii. Papaveraceae. * Morphia Bimeconas-Narcotica. 1. Papaver somniferum. 2. ---------- Rhaeas. Order vi. Myristaceae. * Oleum volatile-Excitans. 1. Myristica moschata. Order xi. Um...
-Classification Of Materia Medica Classes. Part 3
Group 4. Columnosae. Order clv. Aristolochiaceae. * Principium amarum-Tonicum. 1. Aristolochia serpentaria. * * Cytissinum-Errhinum. 2. Asarum Europceum. Group. 5. Curvembryosae. Orde...
-Part II. Materia Medica
MATERIA MEDICA is that department of the science of medicine, that treats of the nature and properties of the substances that are employed as remedies to restore health in diseased bodies. Accordin...
-Absinthium. Vide Artemisia Absinthium. Acacia
. Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 1085. Cl. 23. Ord. 1. Polygamia, Monoecia. Nat. ord. Leguminosse. G. 1902. Hermaph. Calyx five-toothed. Corolla five-cleft, or formed of five petals. Stamens 4-100. Pistil. 1...
-Absinthium. Catechu. Continued
Medicinal properties and uses.-Catechu is one of the most valuable of the vegetable astringents; and as the dark-coloured contains the greater quantity of tannin (tannic acid), on which its astringenc...
-Acaciae Arabics et A. verae Gummi, Dub. Acacia Gum, or Gum Arabic.
Syn. Gomme Arabique (F.), Das Arabischegummi ( G.), Gomma Arabica(I.), Goraa Arabiga (S), Tolh. (A.), Vullam pisin ( Tarn.), Kapitha (Sans.), Kavit ka gard (Duk.), Jewol latoo (Cyng.). This species...
-Acetum
Lond. Edin. Acetum Vini, Dub. Vinegar. Syn. Vinaigre (F.), Essig(G.), Aceto (I.), Vinagre (S.), Viinacdike (Danish), Winattika (Swed.), Canchiea (Sans.), Khull (Arab.), Chooca Wynazin (Malay), Kadi...
-A'cidum Sulphuricum
Lond. Edin. Acidum sulphuricum venale. Dub. Sulphuric acid. (Specific gravity, 1.850. Lond. Dub. 1.845. Edin.) Syn. Acide sulphurique (F.), Vitrioliil schwefelsaiire (G.), Acido solforico (7.), Vit...
-Aconi'tum
2 Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 1235. Cl. 13. Ord.3. Polyandria Trigynia. Nat. ord. Ranunculaceae. G. 1062. Cal. none. Petals five, the highest arched. Nectaries two, peduncled, recurved. Pods, three to fiv...
-Acorus
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 199. Cl. 6. Ord.1. Hexandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Acoraceae. G. 663. Spadix cylindrical, covered with florets. Cor. petals six, naked. Style O. Capsule three-celled. Species 1....
-Allium
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 63. Cl.6. Ord.1. Hexandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Liliaccae. G. 626. Calyx and Corolla confounded, six-parted, spreading. Spathe many flowered. Umbel heaped together. Capsule ...
-Aloe
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 184. Cl. 6. Ord. 1. Hexandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Liliaceae. G. 659. Corolla erect, mouth spreading, bottom nectariferous. Filaments inserted into the receptacle. Species 2...
-Aloe. Continued
There is still another kind of aloes, named Foetid or Cabal-line, but on account of its foetid odour it is not used in medicine. A Mocha aloe resembling the Cape, but less purgative, is also brought t...
-Alpinia
Roxburgh. Plant. Gorom. Cl.1. Ord.1. Monandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Seitamineae. Species. A. Cardamomum.1 The Cardamom-tree. Van. Rheede (Elettari). Hort Malabar, vol. ix. t. 4, 5. Linnaean Tran...
-Althtea
1 Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 770. Cl. 16. Ord. 8. Monadelphia Polyandria. Nat. ord. Malvaceae. G. 1289. Cat. double; the exterior 6 or 9 cleft. Caps, numerous, 1-seeded. Sp. 1. A. officinalis. Common...
-Alumen
Lond. Edinb. Dub. Alum. Syn. Alum(F.), Alaun (G.), Alum (Dutch) Aluin (Dan. Swed.), Halun (Polish), Kevaszu (Russ.), Allume (I.), Alumbre (S.), Pedrathune (Portug.), Sp'hatica (San.), P'hiteari (H....
-Ammoniae Hydrochloras
Lond. Ammoniae Murias, Dub. Murias Ammoniae, Edin. Hydrochlorate or Muriate of Ammonia. Syn. Sel Ammoniac (F.), Salmaik (G.), Salmiaken (Dan. Swed.), Sale Am-moniaco (I), Sal Armoniaco (S.), Nosade...
-Ammoniae Liquor Fortior
Lona. Stronger Solution of Ammonia. This solution of ammonia is usually prepared in a large way by the manufacturing chymists; the greater part of that brought into the London market is made by Mes...
-Amy'gdalus
Species Plant. Willd. ii. 982. Cl. 12. Ord. 1. A. Icosandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Amygdaleae. G. 981. Cal. 5 cleft, inferior, Pet. 5. Drupe with a nut perforated. 1. A. Persica The Peach-tree. ...
-Amyris
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 333. Cl. 8. Ord. 1. Octandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Amyrideae, Juss. G. 755. Cal. four-toothed. Pet. four oblong. Stig. four-cornered. Perry drupaceous. Species 2. Amyris Ele...
-Anchusa
2 Spec. Plant Willd.i.756. CI. 5. Ord.1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Boraginaceae. G.227. Corolla funnel-shaped: the throat closed with arches. Seed engraved at the base. 1 Willdenow has a d...
-Ane'thum
1 Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1469. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 5G0. Fruit nearly ovate, compressed, striated. Pet. involuted entire. Species 1. A. graveolens. Common Dill...
-Angelica
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1428. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 343. Fruit roundish, angular, solid, with reflected styles. Corollas equal. Petals bent inward. Spec...
-Anthemis
Spec Plant mild. iii. 2174. Cl. 19. Ord. 2. Syngenesia Supernua. Nat. ord. Compositae. G. 1517. Receptacle chaffy. Seed down none, or a membranaceous margin. Calyx hemispherical, nearly equal. Florets...
-Antimo'nium
Stibium. Antimony. St/n. Antimoine (F.), Spiessglanzmetall (G.), Antimonio (I.), Antimonio The term antimony was formerly given to an ore, in which antimony was combined with sulphur; but ...
-Arctostaphylos
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 616. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Ericaceae. G. 871. Cal. five-parted. Corolla ovate, the mouth pellucid at the base. Berry five-celled. Species 7. A. Uva Urs...
-Arctium
2 Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1630. Cl. 19. Ord. 1. Syngenesia Aequalis. Nat. ord. Compositae. G. 1429. Receptacle chaffy. Calyx globular; the scales at the apex with inverted hooks. Seed-down bristly, c...
-Argentum
Lond. Edin. Dub. Silver. Syn. Argent (F.), Silber (G.), Silwer (Swed.) Argento (I.), Plata (S.), Villie (Tarn.), Rupah (H.), Fezzeh (A.), Nokra (Pers.), Perak (Malay), Peddie (Cyng.), Rajata (Sans....
-Aristolochia
1 Spec. Plant, Willd. iv. 151. Cl. 20. Ord. 4. Gynandria Hexandria, Nat. ord. Aristolochiaceae. G. 1609. Cor. of one petal, strap-shaped, ventricose at the base. Cap. six-celled, inferior, containi...
-Arnica
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 2106. Cl. 19. Ord.2. Syngenesia Superflua. Nat. ord. Composite. G. 1491. Recep. naked. Seed-down simple. Cal. with equal leaflets. Corol. of the ray have more frequently five ...
-Arsenicum. Arsenic
Syn. Arsenic (F.), Arsenick (G.), Arsenico (S.). This metal is found in most parts of the world, accompanying other metals, and occasionally uncombined, forming distinct and peculiar veins. The fol...
-Arsenicum. Arsenic. Part 2
Medical properties and uses.-Although arsenious acid is the most virulent of the mineral poisons, yet, when properly administered, it is a medicine of great efficacy; and is employed internally as a t...
-Arsenicum. Arsenic. Part 3
The heart is flabby, red in the substance, and the pericardium contains serum. In the thorax the pleura is red, and its sac often containing serum; the lungs are congested, and the lining membrane of ...
-Arsenicum. Arsenic. Part 4
The first objection is obviated by making the trial on paper, as recommended by Dr. Paris : drop a little of the suspected fluid on writing-paper, and draw several times over it a stick of lunar caust...
-Arsenicum. Arsenic. Part 5
The results from no single test should be relied upon. As a knowledge of the appearances produced by the four principal re-agents usually employed must greatly facilitate such an examination, we have ...
-Artemisia
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1815. Cl. 19. Ord. 2. Syngenesia Polygamia Superflua. Nat. Ord. Compositae. G. 1473. Receptacle subvillous or almost naked. Seed-down none. Cal. imbricate, with roundish...
-Asarum
Spec. Plant Willd. ii. 858. Cl. 11. Ord. 1. Dodecandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Aristolochiaceae. G. 925. Calyx three or four cleft, placed on the germen. Corolla none. Capsule coriaceous crowned. Spec. ...
-Aspidium
Flora Britannica, Smith, 1118. Cl. 24. Ord. 1. Cryptogamia Filicis. Nat. ord. Filices. G.429. (Smith.) Fructification in roundish points, scattered, not marginal. Involucre umbilicated, open almost on...
-Astragalus
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1256. Cl. 17. Ord. 4. Diadelphia Decandria. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 1379. Legume generally two-celled, gibbous. Species. A. verus. True Astragalus. Olivier, Voy. dans l'Empi...
-Atropa
1 Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1016. Cl. 5. Ord.l. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. Ord. Solaneae. G. 381. Cor. bell-shaped. Stam. distant. Berry globular, 2-celled. Species 2. A. Belladonna. Deadly Nightshade, o...
-Avena
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 443. Cl. 3. Ord. 2. Triandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Graminaceae. G, 142. Calyx two-valved, many-flowered; with a twisted awn on the back. Species 13. A. sativa.1 Common Oat. Off. A...
-Balsamodendron
Fee, Cours d'Histoire Nat Pharm. t.1. p. 641. Sp. - B. Myrrha. Nees von Essenbeck. Cl. Octandria. Ord. Monogynia, Linn. Nat. ord. Burseraceae. Officinal. Myrrha.2 Lond. Edin. Dub. Myrrh, a gu...
-Baryta
Baryta. Syn. Baryte (F.), Baryterde, Schwerede (G.), Barite, (I.). This mineral substance does not exist, as far as we know, in an uncombined state; and its native combinations hitherto discover...
-Bismuthum
Bismuth. Lond. Dub. Syn. Etain gris, Etain de glace, Bismuth (F.), Reiner Wismuth (G.), Bisraut puro (I.). This metal is not very widely diffused. Its ores are found chiefly in Saxony; and, less...
-Bitumen
Syn. Bitume (F.), Erdharze (G.), Bitume (I.), Bitumen (S). In the limited signification of this term, it is meant to imply those mineral inflammable bodies which resemble, in a certain degree, oily...
-Boletus
Cl. 24., Ord. 13. Cryptogamia Fungi. Nat. ord. Fungaceae. G. Fungus horizontal, porous beneath. * Parasitic, Stemless. Spec. 3. B. Ignarius. Agaric of the Oak. Sowerb. Fung. t. 34. Officinal. Bolet...
-Boswellia
Roxburgh. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Burseraceae. Gen. Char. Cat. beneath, five-toothed. Cor. five petals. Nect. a crenulated fleshy cup, surrounding the lower part of the ge...
-Brominum
1 Land. This substance exists in sea water in the form of bromide of sodium or of magnesium; and may be obtained from the bittern remaining after the chloride of sodium has been separated. It usual...
-Calx
Lond. Edin. Dub. Lime, Calcis Hydras, Lond. Slacked Lime. 1 From significant of its rank odour. 2 Berzelius. Syn. Chaux (F.), Kalk (G.), Calce (I). Calviva (S.), Chunamboo (Tarn.), Hoonoo...
-Cancer
Syst. Nat. Gmelin, 2963. D. 3. Articulata. Cl. 2. Ord. 1. Crustacea Decapodia, Cuvier. Feet eight (sometimes six or ten), two of them with claws. Palpi six, nearly equal. Eyes two, distant, move...
-Canella
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 857. Cl. 11. Ord. 1. Dodecandria Monogynia. Nat. Ord. Meliaceae. G. 942. Cal. Three-lobed. Pet. five. Anthers, 16, adhering to a pitcher-shaped nectary. Perry one-celled, wi...
-Cantharis
D. 3. Articulata. Cl. 4. Insecta. Ord. 5. Coleoptera. Cuvier. Feelers filiform. Palpi four, unequal : the posterior ones clubbed. Thorax nearly round. Head inflected, gibbous. Elytra soft, flexible...
-Cantharis. Continued
Medical properties and uses. - Blistering flies, internally exhibited, are powerfully stimulant and diuretic; and, externally applied, rubefacient and epispastic. Notwithstanding their acrimony, they ...
-Capsicum
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 1050. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. Ord. Solaneae, Juss. G. 334. Corolla wheel-shaped. Berry without juice. Sp. 1. C. annuum. Annual Capsicum.3 Med. Bot. 2d ...
-Carbo Animalis
Land. Most animal substances, when exposed to a high temperature in close vessels, are converted into charcoal; but the animal charcoal inserted in the list of Materia Medica by the London College ...
-Carbo Ligni
Loncl. Edin. Dub. Syn. Charbon de bois purifie (F.), Reine Kohle (C), Koole (Dutch), Kol (Swed.), Carbone di legna (I.), Carbon de lena (S.), Adapoo Currie (Tam.) Fuhm Chobic (Arab.), Zegal Chobic ...
-Cardamine
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 481. Cl. 15. Ord. 2. Tetradynamia Siliquosa. Nat. ord. Cruciferae. G. 1237. Pods opening elastically, with revolute valves. Stigma entire. Calyx somewhat gaping. *** With pinn...
-Cardamomum. Vide Alpinia Cardamomum. Caricae Fructus. Vide Ficus Carica. Carum
1 Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1470. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. Ord. Umbelliferae. G. 561. Fruit ovate-oblong, striated. Involucre one-leafed. Petals keeled, inflex, emarginated. Sp. 1...
-Caryophyllus
De Candolle, Prodromus. Cl. 12. Ord. 1. Icosandria Monogynia. Nat. Ord. Myrtaceae. G. 972. Calyx four-parted, superior. Petals four. Berry one-celled, one-seeded. Species 24. C. aromaticus.1 ...
-Cassia
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 513. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 813. Cal. five-leaved. Petals five. Anthers three superior, barren; the three lower ones beaked. * Sennas. S...
-Cassia. Continued
The best Senna, named in Nubia Guebelly, or Sena Mekke, in Egypt Sena of Seyde, grows wild, and yields two crops of leaves, the abundance of which depends on the periodical rains. The first crop is co...
-Castor
Syst. Nat Gmelin. 124. D. 1. Mammifera. Ord. 4. Rodentia. Cuvier. G. 23. Fore-teeth in the upper jaw truncated, hollowed with a transverse angle; in the lower, transverse at the point. Grinders in bot...
-Centaurea
Spec. Plant Willd. iii. 2277. Cl. 19. Ord.S. Syngenesia Frustranea. Nat. ord. Compositae. G. 1548. Receptacle bristly. Seed-down simple. Corolla of the ray funnel-shaped, longer, irregular. *...
-Cephaelis
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 977. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogyma. Nat. Ord. Cinchonaceae. G. 357. Flowers in an involucred head. Corolla tubular. Stigma two-parted. Berry two-seeded. Receptacle chaffy. ...
-Cephaelis. Continued
The precipitate being washed with cold water and digested in alcohol, this dissolves the emetia, and by evaporating the solution the salt is procured. The residue is re-dissolved in a dilute acid, and...
-Cera
Lond. Wax. (Concretum ah ape paratum.) Syn. Cire(F.), Wachs (G.), Wasch (Dutch), Vox (Dan.), Wax (Swed.), Wosk (Pol), Cera (I.), Cera (St.), Shuma (Arab.), Mora (H. Pers.), Medhuch-hista (Sans.), M...
-Cerevisiae Fermentum
Lond. Edin. Dub. Yeast. Syn. Leveure (F.), Giischt (G.), Fermento di cervogia (I)., Espuma de cerbeza ( S.) This substance is the scum or frothy matter which collects on the surface of beer whil...
-Cervus
Syst. Nat Gmelin. 175. D 1. Vertebrata. Cl. 1. Mammalia. Ord.7. Ruminantia, Cuvier. G. 29. Horns solid; when tender covered with a velvety coat, and growing at the apex; shed annually; forked. Fore te...
-Cetaceum. Vide Physeter Macrocephalus, Cetraria Islandica. Vide Lichen. Chimaphila
Spec. Plant. Willd iii. 873. Cl. 10. Ord.1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Pyrolaceae. G. 873. Calyx five-cleft. Petals five. Caps, five celled, opening at the angles. Sp. 4. C. Corymbosa, Pu...
-Cinchona
2 Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 957. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Cinchonaceae. G. 346. Corolla funnel-shaped. Capsule inferior, two-celled, bipartite, with a parallel partition. Seed winge...
-Cinchona. Part 2
On this account, and for other reasons which shall be stated under the head of each kind, I am of opinion that the best arrangement of the Cinchona barks for medicinal purposes would be that for-merly...
-Cinchona. Part 3
The trees frequently die after the operation. The bark arrives in Europe packed in chests made of slips of wood roughly fastened together, and covered with skins : each chest contains about 200 lbs...
-Cinchona. Part 4
By distilling these alcoholic solutions in a retort, until a quantity of solid matter appears on the side of the retort, and small globules of oily matter are seen rolling on the surface of the fluid,...
-Cinchona. Part 5
In some instances, the epidermis is covered with whitish gray lichens.1 The greater number of the pieces are flat, but some are partially quilled, as if taken from half the circumference of the branch...
-Cinchona. Part 6
The bark yielded by this tree is named Quina amarilla1, Cascarilla de Loxa, and Cascarilla amarilla; but it is not the Calisaya, the yellow bark of the shops, which is not brought from Carthagena, but...
-Cinchona. Part 7
Cinchona bark occasionally varies in its powers, and is often mixed with other inferior barks, even by the bark peelers (cascarilleros) who gather it. This arises either from ignorance, or from a frau...
-Cinchona. Part 8
Dr. Duncan, jun., supposed that the precipitate formed with infusion of galls was a peculiar vegetable principle, and named it Cinchonin : and Dr. Gomez of Portugal afterwards verified this suppositio...
-Cinchona. Part 9
The sulphate of quina is now prepared according to a process of the London College. (See Part, iii.) It has been supposed by Robiquet that the colouring matters of the barks act in some degree as a...
-Cinchona. Part 10
When taken into the stomach it excites, -soon afterwards, a moderate sensation of warmth at the epigastrium; and if the dose be large, nausea and vomiting sometimes follow; and purging is not an uncom...
-Cinchona. Part 11
In various cutaneous diseases, as lichen agrius and lividus; in purpura2; in impetigo erysipelatodes and scabida; in some varieties of erysipelas, and in extensive ulcerations both from common inflamm...
-Cissampelos
Be Candolle Syst. Nat. i. p. 530. Cl. 22. Ord. 10. Linn. Dicecia Dodecandria. Nat. ord. Menispermiae. G. 1826. Male. Calyx four-leaved. Corolla none. Nect. rotate. Stamens five. Filaments connate. ...
-Citrus
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1426. Cl. 18. Ord.3. Polyadelphia Icosandria. Nat. Ord. Aurantiacae. Cr. 1391. Calyx five-cleft. Petals five, oblong. Anthers twenty, the filaments united into different parce...
-Citrus. Continued
Lemon-peel or rind is added to stomachic tinctures and infusions, and is particularly applicable in dyspepsia, arising from irregularities in diet, and the inordinate use of ardent spirits. 1 For a...
-Cocculus
Be Candolle, Syst. Nat. i. 515. Cl. 22. Ord. 10. Dioecia Dodecandria. Nat. ord. Menispermeae. G. 1826. Male. Calyx two-leaved. Petals four or six exterior, eight interior. Stamens sixteen. Female. ...
-Coccus
1 Syst. Nat. Gmelin, 2220. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Insecta Hemiptera.2 G. 229. Rostrum or Snout seated on the breast. Antenna filiform. Abdomen bristled behind. Wings two, erect in the males; females apt...
-Cochlearia
3 Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 448. Cl. 15. Ord.1. Tetradynamia Siliculosa. Nat. ord. Cruciferae. G. 1228. Silicle emarginate, turgid, rugged; with gibbous obtuse valves. Species 1. C. officinali...
-Cocos
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 400. Cl. 21. Ord. 6. Moncecia Hexandria. Nat. ord. Palmae. G. 1680. Spathe general, one-celled. Spadix branched. Male flowers. Calyx three-leaved. Corolla tripetalous. Fe...
-Chici Autumnalis Radix
Edin. -BULBUS, SEMINA, Dub The bulb and the seeds of Meadow-saffron. Syn Colchique (F.), Zeitloze, Weissen saffron (G.), Tydeloosin (Dutch), Hundeded (Dan.), Tidlbsa (Swed), Colchico Autumnale (...
-Conium
1 Spec. Plant Willd. i. 1395. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 533. Partial involucre halved, three-leaved. Fruit nearly globular, five-streaked, notched on each side. Spe...
-Convolvulus
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 844. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. Ord. Convolvulaceae. G. 323. Corolla bell-shaped, plaited. Stiff, two. Capsule twocelled, each cell containing two seeds. * Stem tw...
-Convolvulus. Continued
The dose of scammony is from grs. v. to grs. xvj.; whether it be given in powder, or as a bolus, or in the form of mixture, triturated with almonds, gum, or extract of liquorice, and water. Officin...
-Copaifera
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 630, Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 880. Calyx none. Petals four. Legume ovate. Seed one, with an ovate arillus. Species 1. C. Langsdorffii. Cop...
-Coriandrum
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1448. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 552. Corolla radiate. Petals inflex-emarginate. Involucre universal one-leafed. The partial ones halved...
-Creasoton
Lond. Creasote.1 This substance, now introduced into the list of Materia Medica of the London College, is prepared from the oil of wood tar. Carbonate of potassa is first added to the oil, to free ...
-Crocus
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 194. Cl. 3. Ord. 1. Triandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Irideae. G. 92. Corolla six-parted, equal. Stigma convoluted. Species 1. C. sativus.2 Common Saffron. Med. Bot. 3d edit. 763. ...
-Croton
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 531. Cl. 21. Ord. 8. Moncecia Monadelphia. Nat. ord. Euphorbiaeeae. G. 1718. Male. Calyx cylindrical, five-toothed. Corolla fivepetalled. Stamens 10-15. Female. Calyx man...
-Cucumis
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 611. Cl. 21. Ord. 8. Monoecia Monadelphia. Nat.ord. Cucurbitaceae, 6r. 1741. Male. Calyx five-toothed. Corolla five-parted. Filaments three. Female. Calyx five- toothed. Corol...
-Cuminum
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1440. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 547. Fruit ovate, striated. Partial umbels four. Involucre four-cleft. Sp. 1. C. Cyminum.2 Cumin. Med. Pot. 3...
-Cuprum. Copper
Edin. Dub. Copper. Syn. Cuivre (F.), Kupfer (G.), Koper (Belg.), Kobber (Dan.), Koppar (S.), Rame (I.), Cobre (Swed.), Miedss (Polish), Mjed (Russian), Shemboo ( Tarn.), Tambaga (Malay), Nehass(Ara...
-Cuprum. Copper. Part 2
The plates are then moistened with water, and set up in racks, face to face, in a cellar: this is repeated once in seven days for six or eight times, until a thick coat of ver-digrise is formed, which...
-Cuprum. Copper. Part 3
3. Sulphate of Copper. Officinal. Cupri Sulphas, Lond. Edin. Dub. Sulphate of Copper. Syn. Sulphate de cuivre (F.), Schwefelsaures Kupfer, Kupfervitriol (G.), Kopper vitriol (Belg.), Blaae vitri...
-Curcuma
Roscoe, Linn. Trans, vii. 354. Cl. I. Ord.l. Monandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Scitamineae. Gen. Char. Anther doable, two-spurred. Filament petal-like, three-lobed, bearing tue anther in the middle. Sp. ...
-Cydonia
Spec. Plant, Willd. ii. 1012. Cl. 12. Ord. 1. Icosandria Pentagynia. Nat. ord. Pomaceae. G. 992. Calyx five-cleft. Petals five. Pome inferior, five-celled, many-seeded. Species 17. C. vulgaris. The Qu...
-Cytisus
4 Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 926. Cl. 17. Ord.4;. Diadelphia Decandria. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 1332. Stigma longitudinal, villous above. Filaments adhering to the germen. Calyx produced downwards. * ...
-Daphne
4 Spec. Plant. Willd. ii.' 415. Cl. 8. Ord. 1. Octandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Thymelaceae G. 773. Cal. none. Cor. four-cleft, corollaceous, withering, enclosing the stamens. Drupe one-seeded. * Flower...
-Datura
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 1007. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Solanaceae. G. 337. Corolla funnel-shaped, plaited. Calyx tubular, angled; deciduous. Capsule with four valves. Species 2. D....
-Daucus
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1389. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 53. Cor. somewhat rayed. Flor. of the disk abortive. Fruit hispid with hair. Species 1. D. Carota.1 Common Ca...
-Delphinium
Spec. Plant Willd. ii. 1226. Cl. 13. Ord. 3. Polyandria Tryginia. Nat. ord. Ranunculaceae. G. 1061. Cal. none. Pet. five. Nect. bifid, horned behind. Pods three or one. * * Three capsuled. Species 13....
-Dianthus
1 Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 671. Cl. 10. Ord. 2. Decandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Caryophylleae. G. 893. Calyx cylindrical, one-leafed, with four scales at the base, Petals five, with claws. Capsule cyli...
-Digitalis
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 283. Cl. 14. Ord. 2. Didynamia Angiospermia. Nat. ord. Scrophu-larineae. G. 1155. Cal. five-parted. Corolla bell-shaped, five-cleft, bellying. Capsule ovate, two-celled....
-Digitalis. Continued
Medical properties and uses.-Digitalis is directly stimulant, indirectly sedative2, and diuretic. It at first quickens and fills the pulse; but afterwards weakens the force of all the vital functions;...
-Diosma
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 1133. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Rutaceae. G. 426. Corolla consisting of five petals. Nectaries five above the germen. Caps, three to five, united. Seeds ca...
-Trans. Officinal. Ammoniacum
Lond. Edin. Ammoniacum GUMMI,Dub. Ammoniac. Syn. Gomme Ammoniaque (F.), Ammoniak (G.), Gomma Ammoniaco (I.), Goma Amoniaco (S.), Ushokor Feshook (Arab.), Semughbilshereen (Pers.). The plant w...
-Dorstenia
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 682. Cl. 4. Ord.l. Tetrandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Artocarpeae. G. 244. Receptacle common, one-leafed, fleshy, in which solitary seeds are nestled (or placed in sockets without a...
-Drymis
Spec. Plant Willd. ii. 12391 Cl. 13. Ord.4t. Polyandria Tetragynia. Nat. ord. Winteraceae. G. 1063. Calyx three lobed. Petals six or twelve. Germens club-shaped. Style none. Berries four or eight, obo...
-Euphorbia
2 Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 881. Cl. 11. Ord.3. Dodecandria Trigynia. Nat. ord. Euphorbiaceae. G. 959. Corolla four or five petalled, fixed to the calyx. Calyx one-leafed, ventricose. Capsule tricoccous...
-Ferrum
Iron. Syn. Fer (F.), Ferro (I.), Eissen (G.), Yzer (Dutch), Jem (Dan. Swed.), Ferro (Portug.), Zelaco (Polish), Hierro (S.), Loha (H. Duk. Sam.), Ayas (San.), Sow-ik (Esquimaux), Sheljeso (Russian)...
-Ferrum. Continued
Medical properties and uses.-Metallic iron exerts no action on the living system, unless it meets with acid in the stomach, -in which case it becomes tonic. Iron filings, therefore, are not adapted fo...
-Ferula
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1411. Cl. 5. Ord.2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 539. Fruit oval, compressed, plane, three streaks on each side. Species 11. F. Assafoetida.1 Assafoetida. Koem...
-Ficus
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 1131. Cl. 23. Ord. 2. Polygamia Dioecia. Nat. ord. Urticaceae. G. 1931. Common receptacle turbinate, fleshy, converging, concealing the florets, either in the same or a d...
-Foeniculum
De Candolle's Prodromus, pars. iv. p. 142. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. L. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. Species 1. F. vulgare. Common Fennel. Pharm. Lond. 2. Dulce. Sweet Fennel. Officinal. Fos...
-Fraxinus
Spec. Plant Willd. iv. 1102. Cl. 23. Ord. 2. Polygamia Dioecia. Nat. ord. Oleaceae. G. 1903. Hermaph. Calyx 0, or four-parted. Corolla, 0, or four-parted. Stamens two. Pistil one. Capsule one-seeded, ...
-Galbanum
Don, Trans, of Linnean Soc. vol. x. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. Species. G. officinale. Officinal. Galbanum, Lond. Bubonis Galbani Gummi Resini, Edin. Dub. Galbanum Gum-resin. Syn. Galbanum (F. & Dutch...
-Galipea
Plantae Equinoctiales, torn. ii. p. 5. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Diosmeae. Gen. Char. Calyx monophyllous, campanulate, five-toothed. Corolla five petals cohering near the base,...
-Gallae. Vide Quercus. Gentiana
Spec. Plant. Willi, i. 1331. 1 Jahreshericht, 1835. Dioscoridis. Said to have been named after Gentius, ting of Illyria, who first discovered its medicinal properties 167 years before the bi...
-Geoffrceya
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1129. Cl. 17. Ord. 4. Diadelphia Decandria. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 1362. Calyx five-parted. Drupe ovate. Nucleus compressed. Species 3. G. inermis. The Cabbage-tre...
-Glycyrrhiza
1 Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1143. Cl. 17. Ord. 4. Diadelphia Decandria. Nat. orof. Leguminosae. G.1366. Calyx bilabiate; upper lip three-cleft, lower undivided. Legume ovate, compressed. Spec. 4. G....
-Gratiola
5 Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 102. Cl. 2. Ord. 1. Diandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Scrophularineae. 1 The price of the best roots is about 3l. per cwt___Stevenson, 1. c. 2 To procure glycion, precip...
-Guaiacum
3 Spec. Plant Willd. ii. 538. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Zygophylleae. G. 819. Calyx five parted, unequal. Petals five, inserted into the calyx. Capsule angular, three or fiv...
-Haematoxylon
1 Spec. Plant Willd. ii. 547. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G, 830. Calyx five-parted. Petals five. Capsule lanceolate, one-celled, two valved, with the valves boat...
-Helleborus
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 1335. Cl. 13. Ord.6. Polyandria Polygynia. Nat. ord. Ranunculaceae. G. 1089. Calyx none. Petals five or more. Nectaries bilabiate, tubular. Capsides many-seeded, nearly erect. ...
-Helonias
Cl. 23. Ord.l. Polygamia Monoecia. Nat. ord. Melanthaceae. Species - H. Sabadilla. Sabadilla plant. Don, Ed. Ph. Journ. Retz. Obs. Bot. p. 29. Officinal. Sabadilla, Lond. Syn. Cevadille, poudre ...
-Hirudo. The medicinal Leech
1 Syst. Nat. Gmelin. i. 3095. Div.3. Cl.1. Articulata, Annelidae, Cuv. G. 280. Body oblong, truncated at both extremities, cartilaginous, moving by dilating the head and tail. Sp. 2. H. medicinalis. T...
-Hirudo. The medicinal Leech. Continued
Medical uses.-Leeches appear to have been first used by Themison.3 They are applied in cases where there is local congestion, and in febrile affections, accompanied with local inflammation, and in whi...
-Hordeum
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 472. Cl. 3. Ord. 2. Triandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Gramineae. G. 151. Calyx lateral, two-valved, one-flowered, three-fold. Species 3. H. distichon. Common Barley. Viborg- Cereal, ...
-Humulus
Spec. Plant Willd. iv. 769. Cl. 22. Ord.5. Dioecia Pentandria. Nat. ord. Urticeae. G. 1795. Male. Calyx five leaved. Corolla none. ----- Female. Calyx one-leafed, obliquely spreading, entire. Corol...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury or Quicksilver
1 Mercury or Quicksilver. Syn. Mercure (F.), Quicksilber (G.), Kwitzilver (Belg.), Quicsolv (Dan.), Quicksilver (Swed.), Mercurio (I.), Azogue (S. & Portug.), Abue (Arab.) Para (H.), Sodum (San.), ...
-Hydrargyrum. Mercury. Continued
Mercury, however, when prepared for medicinal use, is a remedy of the most extensive application. It is a powerful and general stimulant, but its effects are certainly different from those of other ar...
-Nigri Herba; Semina. Hyoscyamus
Edin. Hyoscyamus; Folia, Dub. The leaves and seed of Henbane. Syn. Jusquiame (F.), Bilsenkraut (G.), Bilsenkruid (Dutch), Fandensnosser (Dan.), Giusquiamo nero (I.), Beleno (S.), Yosciamo (Port....
-Hyssopus
Spec. Plant Willd. iii. 47. Cl. 14. Ord. 1. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Nat. Ord. Labiatae. G. 1096. Corolla, lower lip three-parted, with a small intermediate subcrenate segment. Stamens straight, ...
-Inula
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 2089. Cl. 19. Ord.2. Syngenesia Superflua. Nat. ord. Compositae. G. 1489. Receptacle naked. Pappus simple. Anthers ending in two bristles at the base. Species. I. Helenium. El...
-Iodinum. Iodine
Iodine. Officinal. Iodinum, Dub. Iodine. Syn. lode (F.), Iod (G.), Iodina (I.). This peculiar substance exists, in a state of nature, in a great number of marine plants; namely, in Fucus vesicidosu...
-Iris
1 Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 224. Cl. 3. Ord. 1. Triandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Irideae. G. 97. Corolla six-parted; the alternate segments reflected. Stigmas petal-like. * Bearded with ensiform leaves....
-Juniperus
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 851. Cl. 22. Ord. 13. Dioecia Monadelphia. Nat. ord. Coniferae. G. 1841. Male. Amentum ovate. Calyx a scale. Corolla none. Stamens three.-Female. Calyx three-parted. Petals ...
-Krameria
Flora Peruv. torn. i. p. 61. Cl. 4. Ord.l. Tetrandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Polygaleae. G. 253. Calyx none. Corolla, four petals : the superior nectary three-parted; and inferior two-leaved.1 Berry dry...
-Lactuca
Spec. Plant Willd.iii. 1523. Cl. 19. Ord. 1. Syngenesia sequalis. Nat. ord. Compositae. G. 1404. Receptacle naked. Calyx imbricate, cylindrical, with a membranous margin Pappus simple, stipitate. Seed...
-Laurus. Cinnamon
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 477. Cl. 9. Ord. 1. Enneandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Laurineae. G. 798. Calyx none. Corolla calycine, six parted. Nectary of three two-bristled glands, surrounding the germen. F...
-Laurus. Cinnamon. Part 2
It was formerly chewed, and the surgeons who used to be thus employed had their mouths so excoriated as to be unable to continue the process longer than two days together; but tasting is now seldom ha...
-Laurus. Cinnamon. Part 3
Medical properties and uses.-Cinnamon bark is astringent, cordial, and tonic. Hence it is found to be efficaceous in alvine fluxes, proceeding from a weakened and languid state of the intestines, aton...
-Laurus. Cinnamon. Part 4
The roots, wood, and leaves of this tree have a very strong odour of camphor; and, from the roots and smaller branches, it is obtained by sublimation. They are cut into chips, which are suspended in a...
-Laurus. Cinnamon. Part 5
Medical properties and uses.-Camphor is stimulant, narcotic, and diaphoretic; but its stimulant powers are very transitory, and followed by sedative effects. It acts chiefly on the nervous system : an...
-Laurus. Cinnamon. Part 6
Laurel berries, and the oil which is obtained by boiling the berries in water, are imported from the Straights. The simple expressed oil is insipid. Qualities.-Both the leaves and the berries have ...
-Lavandula
Spec. Plant, Willd. iii. 60. Cl. 14. Ord. 1. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Nat. ord. Labiatae. G. 1099. Calyx ovate, somewhat toothed, supported by a bracte. Corolla resupine. Stamens within the tube. Sp...
-Leontodon
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1544. Cl. 19. Ord.l. Syngenesia Aequalis. Nat. ord. Compositae. G. 1407. Receptacle naked. Calyx double. Pappus stipitate, hairy. Species 1. L. Taraxacum2 Dandelion. Med. Pot....
-I. Cetraria Islandica
Officinal. Getraria, Lond. Lichen Islandicus, Edin. Cetra-ria Islandica, planta, Bub. Iceland Liverwort. Syn. Lichen d'Islande (F.), Islandisches moos (G ), Yslandsch moos (Dutch), Islands moos (Da...
-Linum
1 Spec. Plant Willd. i. 1533. Cl. 5. Ord. 5. Pentandria Pentagynia. Nat. ord. Linaceae. G. 590. Calyx five-leaved. Petals five. Capsule five-valved and ten-celled. Seed solitary. * With alternate leav...
-Lobelia
Willd. Sp. Plant, i. 937. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Lobeliaceae. G. 342. Calyx five cleft. Corolla one irregular petal. Anthers cohering. Capsule inferior, two or three celled. Sp...
-Lythrum
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 865. Cl.11. Ord. 1. Dodecandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Lythraceae. G. 951. Calyx twelve-toothed. Petals six, inserted into the calyx. Capsule two-celled, with many seeds. Spec...
-Magnesiae Sulphas
Land. Dub. Sulphas Mag-nesiae, Edin. Sulphate of Magnesia. Bitter purging Salt. Syn. Sulphate de Maguesie (F.), Schwefelsaure Magnesia (G.), Englesk laxeersali (Dan.), Sale amaro, Ossisolfato di Ma...
-Malva
Spec. Plant Willd. iii. 774. Cl. 16. Ord.6. Monadelphia Polyandria. Nat. ord. Malvaceae. G. 1290. Calyx double, the exterior three-leaved. Capsules numerous, one-seeded. * * With angular leav...
-Manganesium
Manganese. This is a brittle, greyish white, brilliant metal, somewhat resembling iron in its external aspect, of a granular texture, and not possessing ductility or malleability. It has not been d...
-Maranta
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 13. Cl. 1. Ord. 1. Monandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Marantaceae. G. 10. Calyx three-leaved. Corolla trifid. Nectary three-parted, with the third superior lacinia anther-bear...
-Marrubium
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 109. Cl. 14. Ord. 1. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Nat. ord. Labiatae. G. 1111. Calyx salver-shaped, rigid, ten-streaked. Corolla, upper lip bifid, linear, and straight. * * With te...
-Melaleuca
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 1428. Cl. 13. Ord. 3. Polyadelphia Icosandria. Nat. ord. Myrtaceae. G. 1392. Calyx five-cleft, half superior. Corolla, petals five. Filaments numerous, connate in five bodi...
-Melissa
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 146. Cl. 14. Ord. 1. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Nat. ord. Labiatae. G. 1118. Calyx dry, nearly flat above : with the upper lip subfas-. tigiate. Corolla, upper lip somewhat arche...
-Mentha
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 74. Cl. 14. Ord. 1. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Nat. ord. Labiatae. G. 1102. Corolla not quite equal, four-cleft; the broader segment emarginate. Stamens upright, distant. * Sp...
-Menyanthes
Spec. Plant Willd. iii. 810. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat ord. Gentianaceae. G. 229. Corolla hirsute. Stigma cloven. Capsule one-celled. Sp. 4. M. trifoliata.2 Buckbean. Med. Pot ...
-Momordica
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 601. Cl. 21. Ord.8. Moncecia Monadelphia. Nat.ord. Cucurbitaceae. G. 1739. Male. Calyx five-cleft. Corolla five-parted. Filaments five. ------------Female. Calyx five-cleft. Co...
-Morus
Spec. Plant Willd. iv. 368. Cl. 21. Ord.4. Monoecia Tetrandria. Nat. ord. Urticaceae. G. 1664. 31ale. Calyx four-parted. Corolla none. ------------Female. Calyx four-leafed. Corolla none. Cal...
-Moschus
Syst. Nat. Gmelin, i. 172. D. 1. Mammalia. Ord.l. Ruminantia. Cuvier. G. 28. Horns none. Fore-teeth eight in the lower jaw. Tusks one on each side in the upper jaw* projecting out of the mouth. Specie...
-Mucuna
De Candolle. Cl. 17. Ord. 4. Diadelphia Decandria. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 1349. At the base of the standard, two oblong parallel scales, compressing the wings underneath. * Twining. Species 16. M. ...
-Moschatae Nuclei. Involucrum Vulc/O Macis, Edin. Nux Moschata; Oleum Volatile, Et Involucrum Macis Dictum
Dub. Nutmeg; Mace; Oil of Nutmeg, essential and expressed; Oil of Mace. Spi. Of the Nutmeg.; Noix muscadc (F.), Moscatnuse (G.), Nooten-moskat (Butch), Muskad (Dan.), Muskot (Swed.), Nosce mosca...
-Myroxylon
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 546. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 829. Calyx bell-shaped, five-toothed. Petals five, the upper one larger than the others. Germen longer than ...
-Myrtus
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 967. CI. 12. Ord. 1. Icosandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Myrtaceoe. G. 973. Calyx five-cleft, superior. Petals five. Berry two or three-celled, many-seeded. Species 28. Myrtus Pime...
-Nicotiana
Spec. Plant. Willd. L 1014. CI. 5. Orel. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Solanaceae. G. 379. Corolla funnel-shaped, with the border plaited. Stamens inclined. Capsules two-valved, two-celled. Sp. 1...
-Nicotiana. Continued
Medical properties and uses.-Tobacco is narcotic, sedative, emetic, diuretic, cathartic, when it is taken into the stomach, and errhine when it is externally applied. The three first mentioned propert...
-Olea
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 44. Cl. 2. Ord. 1. Diandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Oleaceae. G. 36. Corolla four-cleft, with subovate segments. Drupe one-seeded. Species!. O. Europaea.1 European Olive. M...
-Opoponax
Be Candolle. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. novum. Fruit elliptical, compressed, flat. Petals involute, entire. Species -. O. Chironium.4 Opoponax, or Rough Parsnep. Med...
-Origanum
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 132. Cl. 14. Ord. 1. Didynamia Gymnospermia. Nat. ord. Labiatae. G. 1116. Strobile four-cornered, spiked, collecting the calices. Corolla with the upper lip erect and flat,...
-Ostrea
Syst. Nat. Gmelin. vi. 3315. D. 2. Mollusca; Cl. 4. Acephala. Ord.l. Testaceae. Cuvier. G.S13. Animal Tethis. Shell bivalve : the valves unequal, and somewhat eared. Hinge toothless, but furnished wit...
-Ovis
Syst. Nat. Gmelin. i. 197. D. 1. Vertebrata. Cl. 1. Mammalia. Ord.7. Ruminantia. Cuvier. G.31. Horns concave, rough, inclined outwards, and spirally twisted. Cutting Teeth eight in the lower jaw. Tusk...
-Oxalis
2 Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 772. Cl. 10. Ord. 5. Decandria Pentagynia. Nat. ord. Oxalideae. G. 918. Calyx five-leaved. Petals connected by claws. Stamens unequal, the five shorter exterior ones connecte...
-Papaver. Red Poppy
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 1144. Cl. 13. Ord. 1. Polyandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Papaveraceae. G. 1015. Corolla four-petalled. Calyx two-leaved. Capsule onecelled, opening by pores under the persisten...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 2
This, when it is when in a favourable situation.1 The leaves are large, simple, obtuse, lobed, and crenated, and embracing the stem on which they are alternately placed. The flowers are large and term...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 3
Opium is brought to this country in chests from Turkey and India.4 The Turkey opium, is raised in Anatolia, and exported chiefly from Smyrna. It is in flat pieces, covered with leaves, and the reddish...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 4
3. East Indian opium has a strong, empyreumatic smell, but not much of the peculiar, narcotic, heavy odour of the Turkey opium. The taste is more bitter, and equally nauseous, but it has less acrimony...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 5
1. Morphia. To procure this alkaloid, Serturner precipitated a watery solution of opium by ammonia, dissolved the precipitate in diluted sulphuric acid, precipitated this sulphate again by ammonia, an...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 6
MM. Majendie and Robiquet have proved that it is the salt obtained by Derosne. The components of narcotina are, carbon 68.88, nitrogen 7.21, hydrogen 5.91, oxygen 18.00, in 100 parts1; or, according t...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 7
Medical properties and uses.-Poppy heads or capsules possess narcotic properties; they are chiefly employed, boiled in water, as fomentations to inflamed and ulcerated surfaces. An extract, which is e...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 8
Opium very materially assists the bark in curing inter-mittents, and prevents it from running off by the bowels. When given at the approach of the paroxysm, it sometimes checks its attack, or shortens...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 9
The aqueous solution also lessens the pain of open cancer, when cloths soaked in it are laid over the sore; and it is as useful in lacerated wounds of tendinous and aponeurotic parts. 1 Observation...
-Papaver. Red Poppy. Part 10
When opium has been taken in an over-dose, the first thing to be done for counteracting its bad effect, is to empty the stomach with the stomach pump, or, if that be not at hand, by the exhibition of ...
-Phasianus
Syst. Nat. Gmelin, i. 737. D. 1. Vertebrata. Cl. 2. Aves. Ord. 4. Gallinaceae. Cuvier. G. 101. Beak short, strong. Cheeks made smooth, with a naked skin. Feet spurred. Species 1. P. Gallus. The Dunghi...
-Phosphorus
2 Officinal. Phosphorus, Lond. Syn. Phosphore (F.). This substance was discovered by Brandt, a chemist of Hamburgh, in 1669: it was prepared from putrid urine, but the process remained a secr...
-Physeter
Syst Nat. Gmelin, i. 227. D. 1. Vertebrata. Cl. 1. Mammalia. Ord. 8. Cetacea. Cuvier. G. 39. Teeth in the lower jaw, but none in the upper. Tube in the head, or great front. Species 2. P. Mac...
-Pimpinella
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 1471. Cl.5. Ord.2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Umbelliferae. G. 562. Fruit ovate-oblong. Petals inflected. Stigma nearly globular. Species 8. Pimpinella Anisum.1 Anise. Med. Bo...
-Pinus
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 494. Cl. 21. Ord. 8. Moncecia Monadelphia. Nat. ord. Coniferae. G.1711. Male. Calyx four-leaved. Corolla none. Stamens many. Anthers naked. Female. Calyx strobiles, with a t...
-Terebinthinae Oleum, Lond. Pini Oleum Volatile
Edin. Dub. . Resina, Lond. Resini Pini, Edin. Resina, Dub. Pix nigra, Lond. . Pix liqu'ida, Lond. Dub. Resina empyreumatica, vulgo, Pix liquid a, Edin. Common Turpentine. Oil of Turp...
-Terebinthinae Oleum, Lond. Pini Oleum Volatile. Part 2
The colophonia of the ancients was a liquid resin, named from town of Ionia, in Asia Minor, whence it was brought and left for a year, after which they are felled, and the roots and the branches of th...
-Terebinthinae Oleum, Lond. Pini Oleum Volatile. Part 3
Burgundy pitch is obtained by making incisions through the bark, so as to lay bare the wood. It concretes in the form of flakes at the incisions, which are detached by an iron instrument, once a fortn...
-Terebinthinae Oleum, Lond. Pini Oleum Volatile. Part 4
Medical properties and uses. -The Turpentines and their essential oil are stimulant, cathartic, diuretic, anthelmintic, and externally rubefacient. Of those which I have described the Venice and Canad...
-Piper
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 159. Cl. 2. Ord.3. Diandria Trigynia. Nat. ord. Piperaceae. G. 74. Calyx none. Corolla none. Berry one-seeded. Sp. 1. P. nigrum. Black Pepper. Med. Pot. 3d edit. 721. t. 246- ...
-Piper. Continued
Medical properties and uses.-Black pepper is stimulant and carminative. Its use, as a condiment, is well known; and although in general it is useful to those who have a weak digestion, yet, even in sm...
-Pistacia
Spec. Plant Willd. iv. 752. Cl. 22. Ord. 5. Dicecia Pentandria. Nat ord. Anacardiaceae.. G. 1782. Male. Calyx five cleft. Corolla none.-Female. Calyx three-cleft. Corolla none. Styles three. Drupe one...
-Plumbum. Lead
Edin. Lead. Syn. Plomb(F.), Blei (G.), Lood (Dutch), Blye (Ban.), Bly (Swed.), Olow (Polish), Piombo (I.), Plorao (S.), Chumbo (Port.), Swinez (Russ.), Soorb (Pers.), Anuk (Arab.), Sisa.(H.), Eeeum...
-Plumbum. Lead. Part 2
The carbonate appears as a white, scaly, brittle matter, on the surface of the lead, and is separated by spreading the coils upon a perforated wooden floor covered with water, and drawing them to and...
-Plumbum. Lead. Part 3
Qualities.-Litharge is inodorous and insipid: it is in flakes with a vitreous lustre; dissolves in many of the acids: and is a protoxide, containing 103.6 parts of lead and 8 of oxygen, or 1 propor...
-Polygala
Spec Plant Willd. iii. 871. Cl. 17. Ord.3. Diadelphia Octandria. Nat. ord. Polygaleae. G. 1313. Calyx five-leaved, with two of the leaflets wing-shaped, and coloured. Legume obcordate, two celled. * *...
-Polygonum
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 440. Cl. 8. Ord. 3. Octandria Trigynia. Nat. ord. Polygonaceae. G. 3. Corolla five-parted, calycine. Seed one, angular. * * Bistorts, with a single spike. Species 3. P. Bist...
-Potassae Bitartras
Lond. Supertartras Potassae, Edin. Potassae Bitartras seu Tartari Crystalli, Dub. Supertartrate or Bitartrate of Potassa, Crystals of' Tartar. Syn. Tartrate acidule de Potasse (F), Weinsteinrahm ( ...
-Potassae Carbonas Impura
Lond. Sub-carbonas Potassae Impurus, Edin. Lixivius Cinis1, Dub. Impure Carbonate of Potassa. Impure Subcarbonate of Potassa. Potashes. Pearl-ashes. Syn. Carbonate alkalinule de Potasse (F.), Koloe...
-Potassae Chloras
Lond. Chlorate of Potassa. This salt is made by passing a stream of chlorine through a concentrated solution of pure potassa until the alkali is completely neutralized. In this case, the potassa is...
-Potassii Ferrocyanidum
Land. Ferrocyanide of Potassium. This salt is prepared by calcining at a red heat a mixture of hoofs, horns, or blood, and impure potassa, in an iron vessel: a black carbonaceous mass is procured. ...
-Potassae Nitras
Lond. Nitras Potassae, Edin. Dub. Nitrate of Potassa. Nitre. Sgn. Nitre, Nitrate de Potasse (F.), Salpetersaures kali (G.), Salpeter (Dutch, Dan. Swed.), Saletra (Polish), Nitro (I. S. Port.), Sali...
-Potentilla
Spec. Plant Willd. ii. 1112. Cl. 12. Ord. 5. Icosandria Polygynia. Nat. ord. Rosaceae. G. 1001. Calyx three-cleft. Petals four. Seeds roundish, naked, affixed to a small juiceless receptacle. Species ...
-Prunus
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 984. Cl. 12. Ord.l. Icosandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Amygdalaceae. G. 982. Calyx five-parted, inferior. Petals five. Nut of the drupe with prominent sutures. Species 10. P. ...
-Pterocarpus
2 Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 904. Cl. 17. Ord. 4. Diadelphia Decandria. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 1318. Calyx five-toothed. Legume falcated, leafy, varicose, surrounded with a wing, not gaping. Seeds so...
-Pterocarpus. Continued
It is imported in chests containing from one to two cwt, and on the inside of the lid of each chest is a paper, inscribed with the name of John Brown, the month and year of its exportation; and statin...
-Punica
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 981. Cl. 12. Ord. 1. Icosandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Myrtaceae. G. 930. Calyx five-cleft, superior. Petals five. Pome many-celled, many-seeded. Sp. 1. P. Granatum.1 Po...
-Quassia
Spec. Plant Willd. ii. 567. Cl. 10. Ord. 10. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Simarubiaceae. G. 849. Flowers hermaph. Calyx short, with five deeply-divided segments. Petals five. Species 3. Q. excelsa. ...
-Quercus
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 423. Cl.21. Ord.6. Monoecia Polyandria. Nat. ord. Cupuliferae. G. 1692. Male. Calyx commonly five-cleft. Corolla none. Stamens five to ten. Female. Calyx one-leafed, entire,...
-2. Quercus Pedunculata.4 Q. Robur
Officinal. Quercus, Lond. Quercus Roboris cortex, Edin. Dub. Oak bark. Syn, Ecorce de la Chene commune (F.), Eichenrinde (G.), Cortcccia della Quercia (I.). 1 Phil. Mag. vol. ix. p. 401. 2 An...
-Ranunculus
Spec Plant Willd. iv. 1307. Cl. 13. Ord. 6. Polyandria Polygynia. Nat. ord. Ranunculaceae. G. 1086. Calyx five-leaved. Petals five, with a melliferous pore within the claws. Seeds naked. * With si...
-Rhamnus
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1092. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Rhamnaceae. G. 405. Calyx tubular. Corolla, scales defending the stamens, inserted into the calyx. Berry. * Thorny. Species ...
-Rheum
2 Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 488. Cl 9. Ord. 3. Enneandria Trigynia. Nat. ord. Polygonaceae. G. 803. Calyx none. Corolla six-cleft, persistent. Seed one. Sp. 2. R. undulatum. Waved-leaved Rhubarb. Amoen....
-Rheum. Continued
Three varieties of rhubarb are known in the shops, named from the places whence we receive them; Russian rhubarb, Turkey rhubarb, and East India or Chinese rhubarb. The two first resemble one another ...
-Rhododendron
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 603. Cl. 10. Ord.l. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Ericaceae. G. 867. Calyx five-parted. Corolla nearly funnel-shaped. Stamens declined. Capsule five-celled. 1 The sulphate ...
-Rhus
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1479. Cl. 5. Ord. 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Anacardiaceae. G. 566. Calyx five parted. Petals five. Berry with one seed. * * With ternate leaves. Species 17. R. Toxicodend...
-Ricinus
Spec. Plant Willd. iv. 564. Cl. 21. Ord. 8. Monoecia Monadelphia. Nat. ord. Euphorbiaceae. G. 1720. Male. Calyx five-parted. Corolla none. Stamens numerous. Female. Calyx three-parted. Corolla none. S...
-Rocella
Nat. Ord. Lichenes. Officinal. Rocella tinctoria, litmus, Dub. Litmus. Syn. Orseille (F.), Oricello (I.), Orciglia (S.). This is an indigenous lichen, found in Portland Island: but, as an articl...
-Rosa
Spec. Plant. Willal. ii. 1603. Cl. 12. Ord. 5. Icosandria Polygynia. Nat. ord. Rosaceae. G. 997. Petals five. Calyx pitcher-shaped, five-cleft, fleshy, contracted at the neck. Seeds numerous, hispid, ...
-Rosmarinus
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 126. Cl. 2. Ord. 1. Diandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Labiatae. G. 62. Corolla unequal, with the upper lip two-parted. Filaments long, curved, simple, with a tooth. Species 1. R. of...
-Rubia
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 603. Cl. 1. 1. Ord. 1. Tetrandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Rubiaceae. G. 187. Corolla of one petal, bell-shaped. Berries two, oneseeded. Species 1. R. tinctorum.1 Dyers' Madder. Med....
-Rumex
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 249. Cl. 6. Ord. 2. Hexandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Polygonaceae. G. 699. Calyx three-leaved. Petals three, converging. Seed one, three-sided. * * Hermaphrodites: with naked va...
-Ruta
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 542. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Rutaceae. G. 827. Calyx five-parted. Petals concave. Receptacle surrounded by ten melliferous points. Capsule lobed. ...
-Saccharum
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 122. Cl. 3. Ord. 2. Triandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Gramineacae. G. 122. Calyx two-valved, involucred, with a long lanugo. Corolla two-valved. Species 4. S. officinarum.2 C...
-Sagapenum
Lond. Edin. Gummi resina, Dub. Sagapenum. Syn. Sagapenum (F.), Sagapengummi (G.), Sagapeno (I.), Sugbeenuj (Arab.), Kundel (H., Sans.). This gum resin, which is brought to this country from Smyr...
-Sagus
Spec. Plant Willd. viii. 403. Cl. 21. Ord. 6. Monoecia Hexandria. Nat. Ord. Palmae. G. 1683. Spathe universal, univalve. Spadix ramose. Male. Calyx triphyllus. Corolla O. Filaments dilated. Female. Ca...
-Salix
Spec. Plant Willd. iv. 703. Cl. 22. Ord. 2. Dicecia Diandria. Nat. ord. Salicineae. G. 1756. Male. Amentum cylindrical. Calyx a scale. Corolla none. Gland of the base nectariferous. ------------Female...
-Salvia
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 127. Cl. 2. Ord. 1. Diandria Monogynia. Nat. Ord. Labiatae. G. 63. Corolla unequal. Filaments affixed transversely to a pedicle. Species 7. S. officinalis.1 Garden Sage. Med. Bo...
-Flores, Baccae
Dub. The flowers, berries, and inner bark of Common Elder. Syn. Sureau ordinaire (F.), Fliederblumen (G.), Coorteccia, bacche, e fiori di Sambuco (I.), Sabuco (S.), Uktee (Arab.). The common eld...
-Sapo
Soap.2 Soap is a compound of margaric and oleic acids3 with an alkaline, or an earthy, or an oxidized metallic base. The first kind is that which is employed in medicine, and has been longest known...
-Scilla
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 125. Cl. 6. Ord. 1. Hexandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Asphodeleae. G. 640. Corolla six-petaled, spreading, deciduous. Filaments thread-like. Species 1. S. maritima.1 Officinal Squ...
-Scrophularia
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 269. Cl 14. Ord. 2. Didynamia Angiospermia. Nat. ord. Scrophularineae. G. 1152. Calyx five-cleft. Corolla subglobular, resupine. Capsule two-celled. Species 2. S. nodosa. Knob...
-Simaruba
Spec. Plant. Willd. ii. 567. Cl. 10. Ord. 1. Decandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Simarubeaceae. G. 849. Calyx five-leaved. Petals five. Nectary five-leaved. Drupes five, distant, bivalve, inserted into ...
-Sinapis
2 Spec. Plant Willd. iii. 534. Cl. 15. Ord. 2. Tetradynamia Siliquosa. Nat. ord. Cruciferae. G. 1246. Cal. spreading. Cor. claws erect. Gland between the shorter stamens and pistil, and the longer sta...
-Smilax
1 Spec. Plant Willd. iv. 774. Cl. 22. Ord. 6. Dicecia Hexandria. Nat. ord. Smilaceae. G. 1800. Male. Calyx six-leaved. Corolla none. ------------Female. Calyx six-leaved. Cor. none. Styles threa Be...
-Sodae Acetas
Lond. Acetate of Soda. Syn. Acetate de Soude (F.), Essigsaures Natron ( G.), Acetato di Soda (i..). This salt is prepared in considerable quantity by the manufacturers of pyroligneous acid. It i...
-Somae Bi-Boras
Lond. Boras Sod2e, Edin. Dub. Bi-borate of Soda.1 The term borax is a corruption of the Arabic word buruk, which signifies brilliant. Vide Asiatic Researches, 8vo. vol. iii. p. 255, Syn. Borate ...
-Sodae Carbonas Impura
Lond. Subcar-bonas SODAe impurus. Barilla, Edin. Sodae Carbonas venale. Barilla, Dub. Impure Soda. Carbonate of Soda. Barilla. 2 Syn. Soude (F.), Kohlensaures Natrum ( G.), Charuni (Malab.), Soda (...
-Sodii Chloridum
Lond. Murias Sodae, Edin. Dub. Chloride of Sodium. Muriate of Soda. Common Salt. Syru Muriate de Soude (F.), Salzaures Natrum (G.), Zout (Belg.), Salt (Dan., Swed.), Sal commune (I.), Sal (S.), Mel...
-Sodae Sulphas
Lond. Edin. Sulphate of Soda. Syn. Sulphate de Soude (F.), Krystallisirtes Schwefelsauress Natrum, Glau-bersalz (G.), Sale mirabile di Glaubero (I.), C'hara Nun, (H). This salt is found native i...
-Solanum
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1025. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Solanaceae. G. 383. Corolla wheel-shaped. Anthers slightly coalescing, opening by two pores at the apex. Berry two-cel...
-Spermoedia Clavus
Fries' Syst. mycol. ii. 268. Nat. Ord. Fungaceae. Officinal. Ergota, Lond. Ergot. Syn. Ergot de Siegle (F.), Secale cornutum (auct. var.). The London College has referred this fungus to Acinula ...
-Spigelia
Spec. Plant Willd. i. 824.2 1 Annali Universali di Medicina, 1830. 2 The genus was named after Adrian Spigelius, a celebrated professor of anatomy at Padua. Cl.5.0rd.l. Pentandria Monogynia. ...
-Spiritus Rectificatus
Lond. Alcohol fortius, Edin. Spiritus rectificatus, Dub. Rectified Spirit. Alcohol. Syn. Eau de Vie rectifi (F.), Rectifizirter Weingeist (G.), Acquavite retti-ficata (I.), Agua ardiente (S.). T...
-Spiritus Tenuior
Lond. Alcohol dilutus, Edin. Spiritus tenuior, Dub. Weaker Spirit. Diluted Alcohol. Proof Spirit. 1 Five pints of rectified spirit are reduced to proof spirit by the addition of three pints of dist...
-Tamarindus
Spec. Plant. Willd. iii. 577. Cl. 16. Ord. 1. Monadelphia Triandria. Nat. ord. Leguminosae. G. 1250. Calyx four-parted. Petals three. Nectary of two short bristles under the filaments. Legume pulpy...
-Tanacetum
Spec. Plant Willd. iii. 1809. Cl. 19. Ord. 2. Syngenesia Superflua. Nat. ord. Compositae. * Discoid. G. 1472. Receptacle naked. Pappus sub-marginate. Calyx imbricate hemispherical. Calyx rays...
-Triticum
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 476. Cl. 3. Ord. 2. Triandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Graminaceae. G. 152. Calyx two-valved, solitary, subtriflorous. Flower somewhat obtuse. * Annual. Species 2. Triti...
-Et Flores
Edin. TUSSILAGO; FOLIA, FLORES, Dub. Coltsfoot leaves and flowers. Syn. Tussilage; Pasd'Ane (F.), Huflattisch (G.), Hoefblad (Dutch), Tassi-lagem (Port.), Dwoje lisknik (Russ.), Farfara (I.), Una d...
-Valeriana
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 175. Cl. 3. Ord. 1. Triandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Valerianeae. G. 75. Corolla monopetalous, gibbous on one side of the base, superior. Seed one. * valerians, with a singl...
-Veratrum
Spec. Plant. Willd. iv. 895. Cl. 23. Ord. 1. Polygamia Moncecia. Nat. ord. Melanthaceae. G. 1859. Hermaphrodite. Calyx none. Corolla six-petalled. Stamens six. Pistils three. Capsules three, ...
-Veronica
Spec Plant Willd. i. 54. Cl. 2. Ord. 1. Diandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Veroniceae. G. 44. Corolla border four-cleft, with the lowest segment narrower. Capsule two-celled. * * with corymbose ra...
-Viola
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1159. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Violaceae. G. 446. Calyx five-leaved. Corolla five-petalled, irregular, horned at the back. Anthers cohering. Capsule sup...
-Vitis
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1180. Cl. 5. Ord. 1. Pentandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Vitaceae. G. 453. Petals cohering at the apex, shrivelling. Berry five-seeded; superior. Species 1. V. vinifera.1 C...
-Vinum
Wine. Officinal. Vinum. Vinum album Hispanicum, Lond. Dub. Vinum album Hisfanum, Edin. Sherry Wine. Syn. Vin d'Espagne (F.), Wein (G.), Wyn (Dutch), Win (Swed.), Vino (I.), Vinode Xerez (S.), Kh...
-Vinum. Continued
But notwithstanding these and other differences, the essential components of all wines are the following: - One or more acids, generally the malic, but in some the carbonic predominates, and all of th...
-Ulmus
Spec. Plant. Willd. i. 1324. Cl. 5. Ord 2. Pentandria Digynia. Nat. ord. Ulmaceae. G. 505. Calyx five-cleft. Corolla none. Capsule (samara) compressed, membranaceous. Species 1. U. campcstris...
-Uvae Ursi Folia
Vide Arbutus. WINTERA. Vide Drymis. ZINCUM. Zinc. Syn. Zinc (F.), Zink (G.), Zinco (I.), Spiagter (Russian), Tootanagum ( Tarn.), Sungbusrie (Duk.). Zinc is a semi-ductile metal procured in grea...
-Zingiber
Trans. Linn. Soc. viii. 347. Cl. 1. Ord. 1. Monandria Monogynia. Nat. ord. Scitamineae. G. novum. Anther double. Filament lengthened beyond the anther with a furrowed awl-shaped beak embracing the ...
-Abietis Resina - Hyoscyamus
Abietis Resina Vide Pinus Abies. Acetosella Vide Oxalis Acetosella. Acidum Arseniosum Vide Arsenicum. A'cidum Citricum Lond. Vide Acitum Citricum, among the Preparations. 1 Bra...
-Kino. Vide Piterocarpus - Tussilago
Kino. Vide Piterocarpus 1 The quantity annually imported into the United Kingdom is about 800 tons. 2 The flavour and diuretic properties of Hollands depend on this oil. English gin is flavoured...
-Acids
THOSE substances which, in a liquid state, have a sour taste; and are capable of combining with alkalies, earths, and metallic oxides, while at the same time they lose their-acidity, and form compound...
-Acetum Destillatum. Lond. Distilled Vinegar
Take one gallon of vinegar, distil the vinegar from a glass retort, placed in a sand-bath, into a glass receiver. Preserve for use the seven pints which are first distilled. Acidum aceticum tenue...
-Acidum Aceticum. Lond. Acetic Acid
Take of acetate of soda, two pounds; sulphuric acid, nine ounces; distilled water, nine fluid ounces: add the sulphuric acid, previously mixed with the water, to the acetate of soda put into a glass r...
-Acidum Benzoicum. Lond. Benzoic Acid
Take of benzoin, one pound. Put the benzoin into a proper vessel placed in a sand-bath, and the heat being gradually increased, sublime until nothing more ascends; press the sublimed matter wrapped i...
-Acidum Citricum. Lond. Citric Acid
Take of Lemon juice, four pints; prepared chalk, four ounces and a half; diluted sulphuric acid, twenty-seven fluid ounces and a half; distilled water, two pints. Add the chalk by degrees to the lemo...
-Acidum Hydrochloricum. Lond.1 Hydrochloric Acid
Take of dried chloride of sodium, two pounds; sulphuric acid (by weight), twenty ounces; distilled water, twenty-four ounces. First mix the acid with twelve ounces of .the water, in a glass retort; a...
-Aqua Chlorinii. Dub. Chlorine Water
Take of dry muriate of soda, one hundred parts; oxide of manganese, thirty parts; sulphuric acid, eighty-seven parts; and water, one hundred and twenty-four parts. Add the acid gradually to the water...
-Acidum Hydrocyanicum
Lond. Take of ferrocyanide of potassium, two ounces; sulphuric acid, an ounce and a half; distilled water, a pint and a half. Mix the acid with four fluid ounces of the water, and having put them ...
-Acidum Prussicum. Dub. Prussic or Hydrocyanic Acid
Take of cyanuret of mercury1, one ounce; muriatic acid, seven fluid drachms; water, eight fluid ounces. Distil from a glass retort into a cool receiver eight fluid ounces; and preserve it in a well-s...
-Acidum Prussicum. Dub. Prussic or Hydrocyanic Acid. Continued
Medical properties and uses. - Hydrocyanic acid, when taken into the stomach, in a large dose, acts as an instantaneous and most powerful sedative, destroying completely the nervous energy and the irr...
-Acidum Nitricum. Nitric Acid
Take of nitrate of potassa dried, and sulphuric acid, each two pounds; mix them in a glass retort; and distil the nitric acid from a sand bath. Edinburgh. Take of nitrous acid any quantity. ...
-Acidum Nitricum. Nitric Acid. Part 2
Qualities.-Nitrous acid, as the term is understood in the Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia, is a yellow or orange-coloured fluid, emitting, when exposed to the air, deep orange-coloured, suffocating fumes. In ...
-Acidum Nitricum Dilutum. Lond. Diluted Nitric Acid
Take of nitric acid, one fluid ounce; distilled water, nine fluid ounces. Mix. Dublin. Take of nitric acid, three parts by measure, and of distilled water, four parts by measure. Mix, avoidin...
-Acidum Nitro-Muriaticum. Dub. Nitromuriatic Acid
Take of nitric acid, by measure, one part; muriatic acid, by measure, two parts. Mix them together in a vessel kept cool, and preserve the mixture in a cool obscure place. Syn. Acide hydro-chloro...
-Acidum Oxalicum. Oxalic Acid
Oxalic acid exists, ready formed, in many vegetable and in some animal bodies. Combined with potassa, it is found in the leaves of Oxalis acetosella and corniculata, Rumex acetosa, and Geranium acidum...
-Acidum Succinicum. Edin. Succinic Acid
Take of amber in powder, and pure sand, equal parts; mix, and put them into a glass retort, of which they may fill one half. Having adapted a large receiver, distil from a sand-bath, with a gradually...
-Acidum Phosphoricum Dilutum. Lond. Diluted Phosphoric Acid
Take of phosphorus, one ounce; nitric acid, four fluid ounces; distilled water, ten fluid ounces. Add the phosphorus to the nitric acid, mixed with water, in a glass retort placed in a sand-bath; then...
-Acidum Sulphuricum Purum. Dub. Pure Sulphuric Acid
Take of common sulphuric acid, one pound. Put it into a white glass retort, and have fitted to it a receiver of the same description, and luted; distil over one twelfth of the quantity in the retort,...
-Acidum Tartaricum. Lond. Tartaric Acid
Take of bitartrate of potassa, four pounds; boiling distilled water, two gallons and a half; prepared chalk, twenty-five ounces and six drachms; diluted sulphuric acid, seven pints and seventeen flui...
-Aetherea. Preparations of Aether
The action of the strong acids on alcohol aided by heat, produces an order of compounds which possess both important chymical properties and medicinal virtues. These are named Aethers, and agree in ce...
-Aetherea. Preparations of Aether. Continued
1 Lowitz procured aether of this gravity by the following process. To aether reduced to .746 specific gravity by means of carbonate of potassa in the usual method he added as much dry powdered chlorid...
-Aetherea. Preparations of Aether. Part 2
Oleum Aethereum . Lond. Aethereal Oil Take of rectified spirit, two pounds; sulphuric acid, four pounds; distil again the solution of potassa, and distilled water, of each a fluid ounce, or as muc...
-Aetherea. Preparations of Aether. Part 3
Aether Sulphuricus Cum Alcohole. Edin. Sidphuric Aether with Alcohol Take of sulphuric aether, one part-; alcohol two parts. Mix them. Liquor .Aethereus Sulphuricus, Dub. Sulphuric Aethe-real ...
-Alkalies And Salts
The general term Alkali comprehends under it substances possessed of very important chemical properties, and capable of producing very powerful effects on the animal economy. Alkalies have an acrid, o...
-Aconitina. Lond. Aconitina
Take of the dry, bruised roots of aconite, two pounds, rectified spirit, three gallons; diluted sulphuric acid, solution of ammonia, and purified animal charcoal, of each a sufficient quantity. Boil ...
-Ammoniae Sesquicarbonas. Lond. Sesqui-carbonate of Ammonia
Take of hydrochlorate of ammonia, a pound; chalk, dried, one pound and a half. Pulverize them separately; then mix, and sublime with a gradually increased heat. Subcarbonas Ammoniae, Edin. Subcar...
-Ammoniae Bicarbonas. Dub. Bicarbonate of Ammonia
Take of solution of carbonate of ammonia, any quantity; expose it, in a proper apparatus, to a stream of carbonic acid gas, extricated from white marble by diluted muriatic acid; when the effervescen...
-Liquor Ammoniae. Lond. Solution of Ammonia
Take of hydrochlorate of ammonia, ten ounces; lime newly burnt, eight ounces; water, two pints. Put the lime, mingled with part of the water, into a retort, then add the hydrochlorate of ammonia, in ...
-Liquor Ammoniae Acetatis. Lond. Solution of Acetate of Ammonia
Take of sesquicarbonate of ammonia, four ounces and a half; distilled vinegar, four pints. Add the sesquicarbonate of ammonia to the vinegar to saturation. Aqua Acetatis Ammoniae, Edin. Water of ...
-Liquor Ammoniae Sesquicarbonatis. Lond. Solution of Sesquicarbonate of Ammonia
Take of sesquicarbonate of ammonia, four ounces; distilled water, a pint. Dissolve the sesquicarbonate of ammonia in the water, and filter through paper. Solutio Subcaubonatis Ammoniae, Edin. Sol...
-Morphia. Lond. Morphia
Take of the hydrochlorate of morphia, one ounce; of solution of ammonia, Jive fluid drachms; of distilled water, a pint. Add to the solution of ammonia diluted with an ounce of distilled water, the h...
-Morphiae Acetas. Lond. Acetate of Morphia
Take of morphia, six drachms; acetic acid, three fluid drachms; distilled water, four fluid drachms. Mix the acid with the water, and pour it upon the morphia to saturation. Evaporate the solution wi...
-Morphiae Hydrochloras. Lond. Hydrochlorate of Morphia
Take of sliced opium, one pound; of crystals of chloride of lead, two ounces, or a sufficient quantity; of purified animal charcoal, three ounces and a half; of hydrochloric acid, distilled water, so...
-Liquor Potassae. Lond. Solution of Potassa
Take of carbonate of potassa, fifteen ounces; lime, eight ounces; boiling distilled water, a gallon. Dissolve the carbonate of potassa in half a gallon of the water. Sprinkle a little of the water on...
-Liquor Potassae Carbonatis. Lond. Solution of Carbonate of Potassa
Take of carbonate of potassa, twenty ounces; distilled water, a pint. Dissolve the carbonate of potassa in the water; and filter the solution through paper. Potassae Carbonatis Aqua, Dub. Water ...
-Potassa Cum Calce. Lond. Potassa with Lime
Take of hydrate of potassa, of lime, each an ounce. Rub them together, and keep them in a well-stopped bottle. Potassa cum Calce; olim, Causticum commune mitius, Edin. Potassa with Lime; formerly...
-Potassae Hydras. Lond. Fused Potassa
Take of solution of potassa, a gallon. Evaporate the water in a clean iron vessel over the fire, until, the ebullition having ceased, the hydrate of potassa melts : pour into proper moulds. Potas...
-Potassae Acetas. Lond. Acetate of Potassa
Take of carbonate of potassa, a pound; of acetic acid, twenty-six fluid ounces; distilled water, twelve fluid ounces. Mix the acid with the water, and add to it the carbonate of potassa to saturation...
-Potassae Carbonas. Lond. Carbonate of Potassa
Take of impure carbonate of potassa, two pounds; water, one pint and a half. Dissolve the impure potassa in the distilled water, and filter; then pour the solution into a suitable vessel, and evapora...
-Subcarbonas Potassae Purissimus. Edin. Pure Subcarbonate of Potassa
Take of impure supertartrate of potassa, any quantity. Wrap it up in moist bibulous paper, or put it into a crucible; and, having placed it among live coals, let it be burnt to a black mass; which, a...
-Potassae Bicarbonas. Lond. Bicarbonate of Potassa
Take of carbonate of potassa, six pounds; distilled water, one gallon. Dissolve the carbonate of potassa in the water, and afterwards pass through the solution carbonic acid until it is saturated. Ap...
-Aqua Supercarbonatis Potassae. Edin. Water of Supercarbonate of Potassa
Take of water, ten pounds; pure subcarbonate of potassa, one ounce. Dissolve, and expose the solution to a current of carbonic acid gas, arising from carbonate of lime in powder, three ounces; sulph...
-Potassii Bromidum. Lond. Bromide of Potassium
Take of bromine, two ounces; carbonate of potassa, two ounces and a drachm; filings of iron, one ounce; distilled water, three pints. Add first the iron, and afterwards the bromine, to a pint and a h...
-Potassae Hydriodas. Dub. Hydriodate of Potassa
Take of iodine, one part; sulphuret of iron rubbed into coarse powder, five parts; sulphuric acid, seven parts; distilled water, forty-eight parts; solution of carbonate of potassa, a sufficient quan...
-Potassae Sulphas. Lond. Sulphate of Potassa
Take of the salt which remains after the distillation of nitric acid, two pounds; boiling water, two gallons. Ignite the salt in a crucible until the excess of sulphuric acid is entirely expelled, th...
-Potassae Bisulphas. Lond. Bisulphate of Potassa
Take of the salt which remains after the distillation of the nitric acid, two pounds; sulphuric acid, one pound; boiling water, six pints. Dissolve the salt in the water, and add the acid to ...
-Sulphas Potassae Cum Sulphure. Edin. Sulphate of Potassa with Sulphur
Take of nitrate of potassa in powder, and of sublimed sulphur, equal weights. Mix them well together, and throw the mixture in small quantities at a time into a red-hot crucible. The deflagration bei...
-Potassae Tartras. Lond. Tartrate of Potassa
Take of bitartrate of potassa, three pounds; carbonate of potassa, sixteen ounces, or as much as may be sufficient; boiling water, six pints. Dissolve the carbonate of potassa in the boiling water, a...
-Liquor Potassii Iodidi Compositus. Lond. Compound Solution of the Iodide of Potassium
Take of the iodide of potassium, ten grains; of iodine, five grains; of distilled water, one pint. Mix that they may dissolve. The object of this solution is evidently to enable a given quantity...
-Potassii Sulphuretum. Lond. Sulphuret of Potassium
Take of sulphur, an ounce; carbonate of potassa, four ounces. Rub them together, and place the mixture over the fire in a covered crucible until they unite. Sulphuretum Potassae Edin. 1 Phi...
-Potassae Sulphureti Aqua. Dub. Water of Sulphuret of Potassa
Take of sublimed sulphur, one part; water of caustic potassa, eleven parts. Boil them together for ten minutes, and filter through paper. Preserve the preparation in well-stopped phials. The specific...
-Quinae Disulphas. Lond. Disulphate of Quina
Take of bruised heart-leaved cinchona, seven pounds; sulphuric acid, nine ounces; purified animal charcoal, two ounces; hydrated oxide of lead, solution of ammonia, distilled water, of each, as much...
-Strychnia. Lond. Strychnia
Take of bruised nux vomica, two pounds; rectified spirit, three gallons; diluted sulphuric acid, magnesia, solution of ammonia, of each, a sufficient quantity. Boil the bruised nux vomica with a gall...
-Veratria. Lond. Veralria
Take of sabadilla, bruised, two pounds; rectified spirit, three gallons; diluted sulphuric acid, solution of ammonia, purified animal charcoal, magnesia, of each, a sufficient quantity. Boil the sabad...
-Preparations of Soda
Sodae Acetas. Dub. Acetate of Soda Take of carbon ate of soda, any quantity; distilled vinegar, enough to saturate the alkali. Evaporate the filtered solution until it attain the sp. gr. 12.76. Cr...
-Preparations of Soda. Part 2
Phosphas Sodae. Edin. Phosphate of Soda Take of bones, burnt to whiteness and reduced to powder, ten pounds; sulphuric acid, six pounds; subcarbonate of soda, a sufficient quantity. Mix the powder...
-Preparations of Soda. Part 3
Sodae Carbonas. Lond. Carbonate of Soda Take of impure carbonate of soda, two pounds; distilled water, four pints. Boil the impure carbonate of soda in the water for half an hour, and filter the s...
-Preparations of Soda. Part 4
Sodae Carbonas Exsiccata. Lond. Dried Carbonate of Soda Take of carbonate of soda, a pound. Expose the carbonate of soda to proper heat in a vessel, until it is dry, and afterwards to redness. La...
-Preparations of Soda. Part 5
Sodae Sulphas. Lond. Sulphate of Soda Take of the salt which remains after the distillation of hydrochloric acid, two pounds; boiling water, two pints; carbonate of soda, a sufficient quantity. Di...
-Preparations of Soda. Part 6
Sodae Potassio - Tartras. Lond. Potassio-tartrate of Soda Take of carbonate of soda, twelve ounces; bitartrate of potassa in powder, sixteen ounces; boiling water, four pints. Dissolve the carbona...
-Liquor Sodae Chlorinatae. Lond. Solution of Chlorinated Soda
Take of carbonate of soda, a pound; distilled water, forty-eight fluid ounces; chloride of sodium, four ounces; binoxide of manganese, three ounces; sulphuric acid, four ounces. Dissolve the carbona...
-Animalia. Preparations from Animals
The substances of this division are few in number, and are not remedies of much efficacy. Testae Preparatae. Lond. Prepared Shells Wash the shells with boiling water, having previously freed th...
-Adeps Suillus PraeParatus. Dub. Prepared Hog's Lard
Let fresh lard, cut into small pieces, be melted by a moderate heat, and strained by pressing it through a linen cloth. Lard, which is prepared by the dealers, and is preserved with salt, is to b...
-Carbo Animalis Purificatus. Lond. Purified Animal Charcoal
Take of animal charcoal, a pound; hydrochloric acid, water, of each, twelve fluid ounces. Mix the acid with the water, and pour the mixture, by a little at a time, over the animal charcoal; then dige...
-Cornu Ustum. Lond. Burnt Hartshorn
Burn pieces of hartshorn in an open fire until they become thoroughly white; then powder them, and prepare them in the manner directed for the preparation of chalk. From the Latin title given to ...
-Aquae Distillatae. Distilled Waters
The volatile oil, on the presence of which the odour and the taste of plants in a considerable degree depend, is elevated during distillation with water; and a portion of it being retained in solution...
-Aquae Distillatae. Distilled Waters. Part 2
Aqua. Anethi. Lond. Dill Water Syn. Eau d'Aneth puant (F.), Acqua di Aneto Puzzolente (I.). Take of dill seeds, bruised, a pound and a half; proof spirit, seven ounces; water, two gallons. Dist...
-Aquae Distillatae. Distilled Waters. Part 3
Aqua Menthae Piperitae. Lond. Edin. Aquae Menthae Piperitis, Dub. Peppermint Water Syn. Eau de Menthe poivree (F.), Pfeffermunz wasser (G), Acqua di Menta piperitide (I.). Take of peppermint, d...
-Cataplasmata. Cataplasms
Cataplasms are in general extemporaneous preparations; but the following formulae were introduced into the Phar-copoeias, to fix the proportions of the ingredients. Cataplasma Alumin1s. Dub. Alum C...
-Cerata. Cerates
These are unctuous compositions, possessing a certain degree of firmness, intermediate between that of plasters and that of ointments. Their consistence depends on the wax they contain; and from it th...
-Cerata. Cerates. Continued
Ceratum Hydrargyri Compositum. Lond. Compound Cerate of mercury Take of the stronger ointment of mercury, soap cerate, each four ounces , camphor an ounce. Rub them together until they are ...
-Confectiones. Confections
Under this title the London College comprehends the Conserves and Electuaries of the Edinburgh and Dublin Pharmacopoeias. There is, however, a distinction between the confections or conserves and elec...
-Confectiones. Confections. Part 2
Confectio Aromatica. Lond. Dub. Aromatic Confection Take of cinnamon bark, nutmegs, of each two ounces; cloves, an ounce; cardamoms, half an ounce; saffron, two ounces; prepared chalk, sixteen oun...
-Confectiones. Confections. Part 3
Confectio Piperis Nigri. Lond. Dub. Confection of Black Pepper Take of black pepper, elacampane-root, of each one pound; fennel seeds, three pounds; honey, sugar, of each two pounds. Rub together...
-Confectiones. Confections. Part 4
Confectio Rutae. Lond. Dub. Confection of Rue Take of dried rue, carraway, laurel berries, of each, an ounce and a half; sagapenum, half an ounce; black pepper, two drachms; honey, sixteen ounces....
-Decocta. Decoctions
These are aqueous solutions of the active principles of vegetables obtained by boiling. They are intended to afford more powerful remedies than can be obtained by the simple infusion of the same subst...
-Decocta. Decoctions. Part 2
Decoctum Amyli. Lond. Decoction of Starch Take of starch, four drachms; water, a pint. Rub the starch with the water gradually added, then boil for a short time. 1 Mucilago Amyyli, 1788- 1824....
-Decocta. Decoctions. Part 3
Decoctum Ulmi Lond. Dub. Decoctum Ulmi Campestris, Edin. Decoction of Elm Bark. Take of fresh elm bark, bruised, two ounces and a half; water, two pints (five pints, Edin.) Boil to a pint, and ...
-Decoctum Aloes Compositum. Compound Decoction of Aloes
Take of extract of liquorice, seven drachms; carbonate of potassa, a drachm; aloes powdered, myrrh powdered, saffron, of each a drachm and a half; compound tincture of cardamoms, seven fluid ounces; ...
-Decoctum Althaeae Officinalis. Edin. Decoction of Marsh Malloics
Take of marsh-mallow root, dried and bruised, four ounces; rasins, stoned, two ounces; water, seven pounds. Boil down to five pounds; set aside the strained liquor until the dregs have subsided, and ...
-Decoctum Anthemidis Nobilis. Edin. Decoction of Chamomile
Take of chamomile flowers, dried, one ounce; carraway seeds, bruised, half an ounce; water, five pounds. Boil for a quarter of an hour, and strain. Decoctum Chamaemeli Compositum, Dub. Compound D...
-Decoctum Cetrariae
Lond. Decoctum liche-nis Islandici, Edin. Decoction of Liverwort. Take of liverwort, five drachms; water, a pint and a half (two pounds, Edin.). Boil down to a pint, and strain. Decoctum Liche...
-Decoctum Chimaphilae. Lond. Decoction of Winter-green or Pyrola
Take of chimaphila, one ounce; distilled water, a pint and a half. Boil to a pint, and strain. Decoctum Pyrolae, Dub. Decoction of Pyrola, Winter-green. Take of pyrola umbellata, one ounce; w...
-Decoctum Cinchonae Cordifoliae. Lond. Decoction of Heart-leaved Cinchona
Take of heart-leaved cinchona, bruised, ten drachms; distilled water, a pint. Boil for ten minutes in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain the liquor while it is hot. Decoctum Cinchonae lancifoli...
-Decoctum Cydonle. Lond. Decoction of Quince Seeds
Take of quince seeds, two drachms; water, a pint. Boil them over a gentle fire for ten minutes, then strain. 1 This title would lead to the inference, that the preparation is a decoction of the q...
-Decoctum Daphnes Mezerei. Edin. Dub. Decoction of Mezereon
Take of the bark of mezereon root, two drachms; liquorice root, bruised, half an ounce; water, three pounds. Boil with a gentle fire down to two pounds, and strain. Syn. Decoction de Daphne Mezer...
-Decoctum Dulcamarae. Lond. Dub. Decoction of Woody Nightshade
Take of the stalks of woody nightshade, sliced, ten drachms; distilled water, a pint and a half Boil down to a pint, and strain. 1 Medical Observations and Enquiries, vol. iii. 2 Pearson on th...
-Decoctum Hordei Compositum. Lond. Compound Decoction of Barley
Take of decoction of barley, two pints; figs, sliced, two ounces and a half; liquorice (root), sliced and bruised, five drachms; raisins, (stoned,) two ounces and a half; water, a pint. Boil down to ...
-Decoctum Quercus. Lond. Decoctum Quercus Roboris, Edin. Decoction of Oak Bark
Take of oak bark, ten drachms; distilled water, two pints, (two pounds and a half Edin.) Boil down to a pint, and strain. This decoction contains the greater part of the astringent matter of the ...
-Decoctum Sarsae. Lond.1 Dub. Decoction of Sarsaparilla
Take of sarsaparilla root, sliced, five ounces; boiling distilled water, four pints. Macerate for four hours in a vessel lightly covered, and placed near the fire; then take out the sarsaparilla, and...
-Decoctum Sarsaparillae Compositum. Lond. Dub. Compound Decoction of Sarsaparilla
Take of decoction of sarsaparilla, boiling, four points; 1 The Lisbon sarsaparilla has long been esteemed the best; but from the experiments of the late Mr. Pope (See Trans, of the Medico-Chirurg....
-Emplastra. Plasters
These are solid, tenacious compounds, adhesive in the ordinary heat of the human body. The base of the majority of plasters is a chemical combination of the semivitreous oxide of lead and oil; but som...
-Emplastra. Plasters. Part 2
Emplastrum Aromaticum. Dublin. Aromatic Plaster Take of frankincense, three ounces; yellow wax, half an ounce; cinnamon bark in powder, six drachms; oil of pimenta, oil of lemons, of each two drac...
-Emplastra. Plasters. Part 3
Emplastrum Cantharidis Vesicatoriae Compositum. Edin. Compound Plaster of Spanish Flies Take of Venice turpentine, eighteen parts; Burgundy pitch, blistering flies, of each twelve parts; yellow wa...
-Emplastra. Plasters. Part 4
Emplastrum Opii. Lond. Edin. Plaster of Opium Take of hard opium, powdered, half an ounce; resin of the spruce-fir, powdered, three ounces; lead plaster, a pound; water, eight fluid ounces. Add th...
-Emplastra. Plasters. Part 5
Emplastrum Resinae. Lond. Resin Plaster Take of resin, half a pound; lead plaster, three pounds. Melt the lead plaster with a gentle heat; then add the resin in powder, and mix. Emplastrum Res...
-Enemata. Enemas
Enema Catharticum. Dub. Purging Clyster Take of manna, an ounce; dissolve it in compound decoction of chamomile, ten fluid ounces; then add of olive oil, an ounce; sulphate of magnesia, half an ou...
-Extracta. Extracts
These are preparations obtained by evaporating aqueous and alcoholic solutions of vegetable substances, until a mass of a somewhat firm, tenacious consistence remains. When water has been employed for...
-Extracta. Extracts. Part 2
Pulparum Extmactio. Extraction of Pulps Fruits which afford a pulp, if unripe, or if ripe and dry, are to be boiled in a small portion of water, till they become soft; then the pulp is to be press...
-Extracta. Extracts. Part 3
Extractum Artemisiae Absynthii. Dub. Extract of Wormwood Syn. Extrait d'Absynthe (F.) Wermuth-extrakt (G.), Estratto d'Assenso (I.). This is ordered to be prepared according to the above directi...
-Extracta. Extracts. Part 4
Extractum Colchici Aceticum. Lond. Acetic Extract of Colchicum Take of fresh colchicum (cormus), a pound; acetic acid, three fluid ounces. Bruise the cormus, gradually sprinkle on the acetic acid,...
-Extracta. Extracts. Part 5
Extractum Haematoxyli Lond. Extractum HAematoxyli Campechiani, Edin. Extractum Scobis HAematoxyli, Dub. Extract of Logwood. 1 Extractum Ligni Campachensis, P. L. 1745. This extract is prepare...
-Extracta. Extracts. Part 6
Extractum Papaveris Lond. Extractum Papaveris somniferi. Edin. Extract of Poppies. Take of the capsules of the poppy, freed from the seeds, and bruised, fifteen ounces; boiling water, a gallon....
-Extracta. Extracts. Part 7
Extractum Sarzae. Lond. Extractum Sarsa-parilla, Dub. Extract of Sarsaparilla Take of sarsaparilla root, sliced, two pounds and a half; boiling distilled water, two gallons. Macerate for twenty-fo...
-Extracta. Extracts. Part 8
Extractum Taraxaci Lond. Extractum Herbae et Radicis Taraxaci, Dub. Extract of Dandelion. Take of fresh dandelion root, bruised, fifteen ounces; boiling distilled water, a gallon. Macerate for ...
-Extracts of Cinchona
Extractum Cinchonae Lancifoliae. Lond.1 Extract of lance-leaved Cinchona Take of lance-leaved cinchona bark, bruised, fifteen ounces; water, four gallons. Boil down from a gallon of the water to s...
-Extractum Colocynthidis. Extract of Colocynth
Extractum Colocynthidis. Lond. Dub. Extract of Colocynth Take of colocynth, sliced, a pound; water, two gallons. Mix, and boil with a slow fire for six hours, frequently adding distilled water, th...
-Extractum Conii
Lond. Succus spissatus Conii maculati, Edin. Extract of Hemlock. The London extract is ordered to be prepared in the same manner as the extract of aconite. The Edinburgh preparation is to be mad...
-Extractum Elaterii. Lond. Extract of Elaterium
Slice the ripe pepos of elaterium, express the juice very gently, and pass it through a very fine hair-sieve; then set it aside for some hours until the thicker part has subsided. Reject the thinner ...
-Extractum Jalapae. Extract of Jalap
Take of jalap root, powdered, two pounds; rectified spirit, a gallon and a half; distilled water, two gallons. Macerate the jalap root in the spirit for four days, and decant the tincture. Boil the r...
-Extractum Lactucae. Lond. Extract of Lettuce
It is prepared in the same manner as extract of aconite. Succus Spissatus Lactucae Sativae. Edin. Inspissated Juice of Garden Lettuce Syn, Extrait de Laitue (F.). This is to be prepared from ...
-Extractum Opii Purificatum. Lond. Purified Extract of Opium
Take of opium, sliced, twenty ounces; water, one gallon. Pour a small portion of the water upon the opium, and macerate for twelve hours, that it may become soft; then, adding gradually the remaining...
-Extractum Belladonnae
Lond. Succus spissatus Atropae Belladonnae, Edin. Dub. Extract of Belladonna. Take of fresh leaves of belladonna, a pound. Bruise them in a stone mortar, sprinkling a little water over them; then ...
-Infusa. Infusions
These are solutions of vegetable matter, obtained by maceration either in cold or in boiling water. As in the case of decoction, the substance must be sliced or bruised if in a recent state, or pulver...
-Infusum Anthemidis. Lond. Infusum Anthe-midis Nobilis, Edin. Infusum Chamaemeli, Dub. Infusion of Chamomile
Take of chamomile, five drachms; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for ten minutes (twenty-four hours, Edin.) in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. This infusion is clear, of a pale ye...
-Infusum Anthemidis. Infusum Chamaemeli. Infusion of Chamomile. Part 2
Infusum Menthae Simplex. Dub. Simple In-fusion of Mint Take of dry leaves of mint, two drachms; boiling water, a sufficient quantity to leave f vj. of the infusion. Medical properties and ...
-Infusum Anthemidis. Infusum Chamaemeli. Infusion of Chamomile. Part 3
Infusum Rosae Compositum. Lond. Dub. Compound Infusion of Roses Take of the dried red rose, three drachms; diluted sulphuric acid, a fluid drachm and a half (three drachms by weight. Dub.); ...
-Infusum Anthemidis. Infusum Chamaemeli. Infusion of Chamomile. Part 4
Infusum Sennae Compositum. Lond. Dub. Compound Infusion of Senna Take of senna, fifteen drachms (one ounce, Dub.); ginger, sliced, four scruples; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for an ...
-Infusum Anthemidis. Infusum Chamaemeli. Infusion of Chamomile. Part 5
Infusum Valerianae. Lond. Dub. Infusion of Valerian Take of valerian, half an ounce; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for two hours, in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. Valerian ...
-Infusum Armoraciae Compositum. Lond. Dub. Compound Infusion of Horse-radish
Take of horse-radish sliced, mustard bruised, of each an ounce; compound spirit of horse-radish, one fluid ounce; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate the root and seeds in the water for two hou...
-Infusum Aurantii Compositum. Lond. Dub. Compound Infusion of Orange-peel
Take of dried orange-peel, half an ounce; lemon-peel, two drachms; cloves bruised, one drachm; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for fifteen minutes in a lightly covered vessel, and strain. ...
-Infusum Calumbae. Lond. Infusum Colombae, Edin. Infusum Colombae, Dub. Infusion of Calumba
Take of calumba, sliced, five drachms; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for two hours in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. The active matter of calumba is not all extracted by water....
-Infusum Caryophylli. Lond. Dub. Infusion of Cloves
Take of bruised cloves, three drachms; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for two hours in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. This infusion contains all the active matter of the cloves;...
-Infusum Cascarillae. Lond, Dub. Infusion of Cascarilla
Take of cascarilla bark, bruised, an ounce and a half; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for two hours in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. This is a clear, pale, reddish-brown infusi...
-Infusum Catechu Compositum. Lond. Dub. Compound Infusion of Catechu
Take of extract of catechu, six drachms; cinnamon, bruised, a drachm; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for an hour in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. Infusum Acacae Catechu, Edin. ...
-Infusum Cinchonae. Lond. Dub. Infusion of Cinchona Bark
Syn. Infusion de Quinquina (F.), Chinainfusum (G), Infuso di China (I.). Take of lance-leaved cinchona1, bruised, an ounce; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for two hours in a lightly-cov...
-Infusum Cinchonae Lancifoliae
Edin. Infusion of Cinchona. Infusum Cinchonae sine Calore, Dub. Cold Infusion of Cinchona. Take of cinchona bark, bruised, one ounce; water, one pound (twelve ounces by measure. Dub.). Macerate fo...
-Infusum Cuspariae. Lond. Infusion of Cusparia
Take of cusparia, bruised,five drachms; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for two hours in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. This infusion is slightly turbid; of a brownish colour; ha...
-Infusum Digitalis. Lond. Infusion of Foxglove
Take of dried foxglove leaves, a drachm; spirit of cinnamon, a fluid ounce; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate the foxglove leaves for four hours in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain : then...
-Infusum Diosmae. Lond. Infusion of Buchu
Take of buchu, an ounce; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for four hours in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. Infusum Buchu, Dub. Infusion of Buchu. Take of the leaves of the D...
-Infusum Gentianae Compositum. Lond., Compound Infusion of Gentian
Take of gentian, sliced, orange peel, dried, of each two drachms; fresh lemon-peel, four drachms; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for an hour in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. E...
-Infusum Cassiae Sennae
Edhl. Take of senna leaves, six drachms; ginger root, bruised, a scruple; boiling water, nine ounces. Macerate for an hour in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. Syn. Infusion de Sene (F.), ...
-Aqua Picis Liquidae. Dub. Tar-Water
Take of tar, two pints; water, a gallon. Mix, stirring with a wooden rod for a quarter of an hour; then, after the tar shall have subsided, let the liquor be strained, and preserve in well-corked bot...
-Linimenta. Liniments
These are compositions which have the consistence of oil or balsam; so as to allow them to be easily rubbed upon the skin. They are in general more active remedies than cerates or ointments; and act a...
-Linimenta. Liniments. Continued
Infusum Valerianae. Lond. Dub. Infusion of Valerian Take of valerian, half an ounce; boiling distilled water, a pint. Macerate for two hours, in a lightly-covered vessel, and strain. Valerian ...
-Linimentum Aeruginis. Lond. Liniment of Verdigris
Take of verdigris, powdered, an ounce; vinegar, seven fluid ounces; honey, fourteen ounces. Dissolve the verdigris in the vinegar, and strain it through linen; then, having added the honey, boil down...
-Linimentum Ammoniae. Lond. Stronger Liniment of Ammonia
Take of solution of ammonia, a fluid ounce; olive oil, two fluid ounces. Shake them together until mixed. Oleum Ammoniatum, Edin. Ammoniated Oil. Take of olive oil, eight parts; water of ammo...
-Metals. Metallic Preparations
The pure metals exert no action on the animal system; for, although iron be administered in its metallic state, yet it must be changed by acid in the stomach to the state of an oxide before it can pro...
-Prepabata Ex Aluminio. Preparations of Aluminium
Alumen Exsiccatum Lond. Dried Alum. Melt alum in an earthen vessel over the fire, and increase the heat until the ebullition cease. Edinburgh. Melt the alum in an earthen or iron vessel, a...
-Preparata Ex Antimonio. Preparations Of Antimony
Sulphuretum Antimon1i PraeParatum. Edin. Prepared Sulphuret of Antimony Put sulphuret of antimony, rubbed to powder in an iron mortar, and levigated with a little water upon a porphyry stone, into...
-Preparata Ex Antimonio. Preparations Of Antimony. Part 2
Medical properties and uses. - This preparation of antimony is diaphoretic, expectorant, and emetic, according to the dose. It was formerly much employed in asthma, and in catarrhal affections; but it...
-Preparata Ex Antimonio. Preparations Of Antimony. Part 3
Vinum Antimonii Potassio-Tartratis Lond. Liquor Tartari emetici, Dub. Wine of Potassio-tartrate of Antimony, Solution of emetic Tartar. Take of potassio-tartrate of antimony, two scruples; sher...
-Pulvis Antimonialis, Dub. Antimonial Powder
Take of sulphuret of antimony in coarse powder, one part; hartshorn shavings, two parts. Throw the mixture into a wide iron pot heated to redness, assiduously stirring until the sulphurous vapours ce...
-Praeparata Ex Argento. Preparations of Silver
Argenti Nitras. Lond.1 Nitrate of Silver Take of silver, an ounce and a half; nitric acid, one fluid ounce; distilled water, two fluid ounces. Mix together the nitric acid and water, and dissolve ...
-Praeparata Ex Argento. Preparations of Silver. Continued
Liquor Argenti Nitratis. Lond. Solution of Nitrate of Silver Take of nitrate of silver, a drachm; distilled water, a fluid ounce; dissolve the nitrate of silver in the water, and filter; then keep...
-Praeparata Ex Arsenico. Preparations of Arsenic
Arsenici Oxydum Album Sublimatum. Dub. Sublimed White Oxide of Arsenic Rub the oxide of arsenic to a coarse powder, and expose it to heat in a proper vessel, guarding against the vapours, that the...
-Praeparata E Bario. Preparations of Barium
Barii Chloridum. Lond. Chloride of Barium Take of carbonate of baryta, broken into small morsels, ten ounces; hydrochloric acid, half a pint; distilled water, two pints. Mix the acid and the water...
-Praeparatum E Bismutho. Preparation of Bismuth
Bismuthi Trisnitras. Lond. Trisnitrate of Bis-muth Take of bismuth, one ounce; nitric acid, one fluid ounce and a half; distilled water, three pints. Mix six fluid drachms of the distilled water w...
-Praeparatae Calcio. Preparations of Calcium
Calx. Lond. Lime Take of chalk, a pound; bruise it into small pieces, and burn it in a strong fire for an hour. Syn. Chaux vive (F.), Kalk (G.), Brand ochoslacht kalk (Sived.), Calce (I.), Cal...
-Praeparatae Calcio. Preparations of Calcium. Part 2
Calcii Chloridum. Lond. Chloride of Calcium Take of chalk, five ounces; hydrochloric acid, distilled water, each half a pint. Mix the acid with the water, and add gradually the chalk to saturation...
-Praeparatae Calcio. Preparations of Calcium. Part 3
Creta Preparata. Lond. Prepared Chalk Take of chalk, a pound; water, as much as may he sufficient. Add a little water to the chalk, and triturate it to a fine powder. Throw this into a large vesse...
-Praeparatae Calcio. Preparations of Calcium. Part 4
Calcis Carbonas PraeCipitatum. Precipitated Carbonate of Lime Take of solution of muriate of lime, five parts. Add to it as much (sub) carbonate of soda, dissolved in three times its weight of dis...
-Praeparatae Cupro. Preparations of Copper
Cupri Subacetas PraeParatum. Dub. Prepared Subacetate of Copper Let the subacetate of copper be reduced to powder, and the more subtle parts be separated in the manner directed for the preparation...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron
Ferri Ammonio-Chloridum. Lond. Ammonio-Chloride of Iron Take of sesquioxide of iron, three ounces; hydrochloric acid, half a pint; hydrochlorate of ammonia, two pounds and a half; distilled water,...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron. Part 2
Acetas Ferri. Dub. Acetate of Iron Take of carbonate of iron, one part; acetic acid, six parts. Digest for three days and filter. Syn. Acetate de Fer (F.). Acetato di Ferro (I.). This prepa...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron. Part 3
Ferri Iodidum. Lond. Iodide of Iron Take of iodine, six ounces; iron filings, two ounces; distilled water, four pints and a half. Mix the iodine with four pints of the water, and add the iron. Hea...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron. Part 4
Ferri Potassio-Tartras. Lond. Potassio-tar-trate of Iron Take of sesquioxide of iron, twelve ounces and a half; solution of sesquicarbonate of ammonia, a pint, or a sufficient quantity; bitartrate...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron. Part 5
Ferri Sesquioxydum. Lond. Sesquioxide of Iron Take of sulphate of iron, four pounds; carbonate of soda, four pounds two ounces; boiling water, six gallons. Dissolve separately the sulphate of iron...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron. Part 6
Ferri Sulphas. Lond. Sulphate of Iron Take of iron filings, eight ounces; sulphuric acid, fourteen ounces; water, four pints. Mix the sulphuric acid with the water, and add the iron; then apply he...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron. Part 7
Sulphas Ferri Exsiccatus. Edin. Dried Sulphate of Iron Take of sulphate of iron, any quantity. Let it be heated in an unglazed earthen vessel, on a moderate fire, until it become white and perfect...
-Praeparata E Ferro. Preparations of Iron. Part 8
Oxydum Ferri Rubrum. Edin. Red Oxide of Iron Let dried sulphate of iron be exposed to a violent heat, until it is converted into a red-coloured substance. Ferri Oxydum rubrum, Dub. Red Oxide o...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury
Hydrargyrum Cum Creta. Lond. Mercury with Chalk 1 Mercurius alkalizatus, P. L. 1745. Take of mercury, three ounces; prepared chalk, five ounces. Rub them together until globules are no longer v...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 2
Hydrargyri Oxydum Cinereum Lond. Grey Oxide of Mercury. Take of chloride of mercury, an ounce; lime-water, a gallon. Mix, and agitate assiduously; set aside, and when the oxide has subsided ...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 3
Hydrargyri Binoxydum. Lond.1 Binoxide of Mercury Take of bichloride of mercury,four ounces; solution of potassa, twenty-eight fluid ounces; distilled water, six pints. Dissolve the bichloride in t...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 4
Hydrargyri Persulphas. Dub. Persulphate of Mercury Take of purified mercury, sulphuric acid, of each six parts; nitric acid, one part. Let the mixture be exposed to heat in a glass vessel, gradual...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 5
Hydrargyri Ammonio-Chloridum. Lond. White precipitated Mercury Take of bichloride of mercury, six ounces; distilled water, six pints; solution of ammonia, eight fluid ounces. Dissolve the bichlori...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 6
Hydrargyrus Purificatus. Edin. Purified Mercury Take of mercury, six parts; filings of iron, one part. Rub them together, and distil from an iron retort. Hydrargyrum Purificatum, Dub. Purified...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 7
Submurias Hydrargyri PraeCipitatus. Edin. Precipitated Submuriate of Mercury Take of diluted nitrous acid, purified mercury, of each eight ounces; muriate of soda, four ounces and a half; boiling ...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 8
Hydrargyri Bichloridum. Lond. Bichloride of Mercury 1 System of Materia Medicn, etc. ii. 319. Take of mercury, two pounds; sulphuric acid, three pounds (by weight); chloride of sodium, one poun...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 9
Liquor Hydrargyri Bichloridi Lond. Solution of Bichloride of Mercury, Take of bichloride of mercury, hydrochlorate of ammonia, each ten grains; distilled water, a pint Dissolve the bichlorid...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 10
Hydrargyri Cyanuretum. Dub. Cyanuret of Mercury Take of cyanuret of iron, six parts; nitric oxide of mercury, five parts; distilled water, forty parts. Mix together the cyanuret of iron and the ox...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 11
Hydrargyri Sulphuretum Cum Sul-Phure. Lond. Sulphuret of Mercury with Sulphur Take of mercury, sulphur, each a pound. Triturate them together until the globules disappear. Sulphuretum Hydrargy...
-Praeparata Ex Hydrargyro. Preparations of Mercury. Part 12
Subsulphas Hydrargyri Flavus. Edin. Yellow Subsulphate of Mercury Take of purified mercury, two parts; sulphuric acid, three parts. Put them into a glass cucurbit, placed in a sand bath, and boil ...
-Praeparata Ex Magnesio. Preparations of Magnesia
Magnesia. Lond. Magnesia Take of carbonate of magnesia, four ounces. Burn the carbonate in a very strong fire for two hours, or until no effervescence is excited when acetic acid is dropped on it....
-Praeparatae Plumbo. Preparations of Lead
Plumbi Acetas. Lond. Acetate of Lead Take of oxide of lead, rubbed to powder, four pounds and two ounces; acetic acid, distilled water, each four pints. Mix the acid with the water, and add the ox...
-Praeparatae Plumbo. Preparations of Lead. Part 2
Liquor Plumbi Diacetatis. Lond. Solution of Diacetate of Lead Take of acetate of lead, two pounds and three ounces; oxide of lead, rubbed to powder, one pound and four ounces; distilled water, six...
-Praeparatae Plumbo. Preparations of Lead. Part 3
Liquor Plumbi Diacetatis Dilutus. Lond. Diluted Solution of Diacetate of Lead Take solution of diacetate of lead, a fluid drachm and a half; distilled water, a pint; proof spirit, two fluid drachm...
-Praeparatae Stanno. Preparations of Tin
Stanni Pulvis. Dub. Powder of Tin Take of tin, any quantity. Melt it over the fire in an iron mortar, and stir it while it is cooling, until it become a powder, which, when cold, is to be passed t...
-Praeparatae Zinco. Preparations of Zinc
Calamina Praeparata. Lond. Prepared Calamine Calcine the calamine, and beat it to powder; then bring it into the state of a very fine powder, in the manner directed for the preparation of chalk. ...
-Praeparatae Zinco. Preparations of Zinc. Part 2
Zinci Sulphas Lond. Sulphate of Zinc. Take of zinc, in small pieces, five ounces; diluted sulphuric acid, two pints. Pour gradually the diluted sulphuric acid upon the pieces of zinc, and the effe...
-Praeparatae Zinco. Preparations of Zinc. Part 3
Solutio Sulphatis Zinci. Edin. Solution of Sulphate of Zinc Take of sulphate of zinc, sixteen grains; water, eight ounces; diluted sulphuric acid, sixteen drops. Dissolve the sulphate of zinc in t...
-Misturae. Mixtures
The term mixture in pharmaceutical language denotes a mingled compound, in which different ingredients are held suspended in a fluid medium by means of mucilaginous or of saccharine matter. The London...
-Misturae. Mixtures. Continued
Mistura Cascarillae Composita. L. Compound Mixture of Cascarilla Take of infusion of cascarilla, seventeen fluid ounces; vinegar of squill, a fluid ounce; compound tincture of camphor, two fluid o...
-Mistura Acaciae. L.1 Mixture of Acacia
Take of acacia, powdered, ten ounces; boiling water, a pint. Rub the acacia with the water gradually poured in, and dissolve it. Mucilago Acaciae Arabicae2, Edin. Mucilage of Gum Arabic. Take...
-Mistura Amygdalae. L. Almond Mixture
Take of confection of almond, two ounces and a half'; distilled water, a pint. Add the water to the confection of almond gradually, while rubbing them, until they are mixed; afterwards strain through...
-Emulsio Acaciae Arabicae. Edin. Emulsion of Gum Arabic
Take of mucilage of gum arabic, two ounces; almonds, an ounce; refined sugar, half an ounce; water, two pounds and a half, Blanch the almonds, and then beat them in a stone mortar with the sugar and ...
-Mistura Ammoniaci. Lond. Mixture of Ammoniacum
Take of ammoniacum, two drachms; water, half a pint. Triturate the ammoniacum, gradually adding the water, until they be thoroughly mixed. Dublin. Take of gum ammoniacum a drachm; pennyroyal ...
-Mistura Assafoetidae. Lond. Mixture of Assafoetida
Take of assafqetida, five drachms; water, a pint. Triturate the assafoetida, gradually adding the water to it, until they be thoroughly mixed. Dublin. Take of assafoetida, a drachm; pennyroya...
-Mistura Ferri Composita. Lond.1 Dub. Compound Mixture of Iron
Take of Myrrh, in powder, two drachms; carbonate of potassa, a drachm; rose-water, eighteen fluid ounces; sulphate of iron, in powder, two scruples and a half; spirit of nutmeg, a fluid ounce; sugar,...
-Mistura Ferri Aromatica. Dub. Aromatic Mixture of Iron
Take of the bark of cinchona lancifolia, reduced to a coarse powder, one ounce; bruised calumba root, three drachms; bruised cloves, two drachms; iron filings, half an ounce. Digest in a close vessel...
-Mucilagines. Mucilages
Mucilages, correctly speaking, are simple solutions of gum or mucus in water: but the term mucilage, in pharmaceutical languags, implies also any solution of a thick and adhesive nature, resembling in...
-Olea Distillata. Distilled, or Volatile Oils
Volatile Oils, as they are properly denominated by the Edinburgh College, are vegetable products, found in almost every part of many plants, except the cotyledons of the seeds, in which, almost always...
-Olea Distillata. Distilled, or Volatile Oils. Part 2
Olea Distillata Lond. Distilled Oils, The fruit of anise, carraway, and juniper, the flowers of chamomile, lavender, and elder, the berries of allspice, the tops of rosemary, and the entire ...
-Olea Distillata. Distilled, or Volatile Oils. Part 3
Oleum Carui. Lond. Dub. Oil of Carraway Syn. Huile de Carvi (F.), Kummelohl (G.), Olio di Carvi (I.), Azeyte de Alcorovea (S). Six pounds of carraway-seeds yield four ounces and a half of oil1, ...
-Olea Distillata. Distilled, or Volatile Oils. Part 4
Oleum Volatile Lauri Sassafras Edin. Oleum Corticis et Ligni Sassafras, Dub. Oil of Sassafras. Sixty pounds of bruised sassafras yield twelve ounces5 of a viscid yellow oil, heavier than water, ...
-Olea Distillata. Distilled, or Volatile Oils. Part 5
Oleum Origani Lond. Dub. Oleum Volatile Origani Marjoranae, Edin. Oil of common Marjoram. Syn. Huile essentiale d' Origan (F.), Dostohl (G.), Olio di Grigano (I.), Azeyte de Origane Sylvestre (S...
-Olea Distillata. Distilled, or Volatile Oils. Part 6
Oleum Herbae Juniperi Sablnae. Edin. Oleum Foliorum Sabinae, Dub. Oil of Savine 1 Baume 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. 4 Ibid. Syn. Huile essentiale de Sabine (F.), Sevenbaumohl (G.), Olio di Sabina (I.), Azey...
-Olea Distillata. Distilled, or Volatile Oils. Part 7
Oleum Terebinthinae. Dub. Oil of Turpentine Take of common turpentine, Jive pounds; water, four pints. Distil the oil from a copper alembic. Yellow resin will remain in the retort after the distil...
-Olea Expressa. Expressed Oils
Vegetables yield two distinct species of oil, one of which is volatile at a high temperature, but the other cannot be volatilised without suffering decomposition. The first of these is termed volatile...
-Oleum Amygdali Communis. Edin. Oil of the Almond
Take fresh almonds, and bruise them in a stone mortar; then put them into a hempen sack, and express the oil by a press without heat. Oleum Amygdalarum, Dub. Oil of Almonds. 1 When oil is dist...
-Oleum Lini. Dub. Oleum Lini Usitatis-Simi, Edin. Oil of Linseed
Bruise the seeds of common flax, and afterwards express the oil, without heat. Syn. Huile de graine de lin (F.), Leinohl (G.), Olio de Lino (I.), Azeyte, de Laxoe (S).. The proportion of oil t...
-Pilulae. Pills
Pills are masses of a consistence sufficient to preserve a round form, yet not so hard as to be of too difficult solution in the stomach. This form of preparation is particularly adapted for medicines...
-Pilulae. Pills. Part 2
Pilulae Aloes Et Assafoetidae. Edin. Pills of Aloes and Assafoetida Take of socotorine aloes in powder, assafoetida, soap, of each equal parts. Beat them into a mass with mucilage of gum-arabic. ...
-Pilulae. Pills. Part 3
Pilulae Conii Compositae. Lond. Compound Pills of Hemlock Take of extract of hemlock, five drachms; ipecacuanha, powdered, a drachm; mixture of acacia, a sufficient quantity. Beat them together in...
-Pilulae. Pills. Part 4
Pilulae Hydrargyri Chloridi Compositae Lond. Pilulae Submuriatis Hydrargyri, Edin. Pilulae Calomelanos compositae, Dub. Pills of Chloride of Mercury, Take of chloride of mercury (calomel),.oxys...
-Pilulae. Pills. Part 5
Pilulae E Styrace. Dub. Storax Pills Take of purified storax, three drachms; soft purified opium, saffron, of each a drachm. Mix them well together, by beating. Five grains contain one grain of ...
-Pulveres. Powders
This form of preparing medicines is the simplest, and perhaps the least objectionable; but it is not applicable to all the articles of the materia medica. Those remedies, which are very unpleasant to ...
-Pulveres. Powders. Part 2
Pulvis Aloes Compositus. Lond. Compound Powder of Aloes Take of extract of aloes, an ounce and a half; guaiacum resin, an ounce; compound powder of cinnamon, half an ounce. Powder the aloes and th...
-Pulveres. Powders. Part 3
Pulvis Cornu Cervini Usti. Dub. Powder of burnt Hartshorn Let pieces of hartshorn be burnt until they become white; then reduce them to a very fine powder. Pulvis Cretae Compositus. Lond. Dub....
-Pulveres. Powders. Part 4
Pulvis Kino Compositus. Lond. Dub. Compound Powder of Kino Take of kino, fifteen drachms; cinnamon, half an ounce; hard opium, a drachm. Rub them separately to a fine powder, then mix. This is...
-Alcohol. Lond. Alcohol
Take of rectified spirit, a gallon; chloride of calcium, a pound. Put the chloride of calcium into the spirit, and when it is dissolved, let seven pints and five fluid ounces be distilled. Alcoho...
-Spiritus Ammoniae. Spirit of Ammonia
Lond. Take of hydrochlorate of ammonia, ten ounces; carbonate of potassa, sixteen ounces; rectified spirit, water, each three pints. Mix, and distil over three pints. 1 Crell's Annals, 1796, ii....
-Spiritus. Spirits
Under this title are placed alcohol and spirituous solutions of vegetable matters, formed by simple mixture, by maceration, and by distillation. They are uniform, transparent, unchanging solutions, co...
-Spiritus. Spirits. Continued
Spiritus Cinnamomi. Lond. Spirit of Cinnamon Take of oil of cinnamon, two drachms; proof spirit, a gallon; water, a pint. Mix; then distil a gallon by a slow fire. Spiritus Lauri Cinnamomi, Ed...
-Praeparata E Sulphure. Preparations of Sulphur
Pure Sulphur is generally regarded as a simple substance. According to Sir H. Davy's experiments, it is a triple compound of oxygen, hydrogen, and a peculiar, unknown base: but late experiments have n...
-Hydrosulphuretum Ammoniae. Edin. Hydrosulphuret of Ammonia
Take of water of ammonia, sulphuret of iron, of each four ounces; muriatic acid, eight ounces; water, two pounds and a half. Pour the acid, previously mixed with the water, on the sulphuret, and tran...
-Syrupi. Syrups
These are saturated solutions of sugar in water, either simple, or united with some vegetable principle, with the view either to colour, flavour, or medicinal virtue: but for the last intention this i...
-Syrupi. Syrups. Part 2
Syrupus Aceti Edin. Syrup of Vinegar. Take of vinegar, five parts; refined sugar, seven parts. Boil, so as to form a syrup. Syn. Sirop d'Acide acetique (F.), Sciroppo acetico (I.). This syr...
-Syrupi. Syrups. Part 3
Syrupus Croci. Lond. Syrup of Saffron Take of saffron, ten drachms; boiling water, a pint; sugar, three pounds. Macerate the saffron in the water for twelve hours, in a slightly covered vessel; th...
-Syrupi. Syrups. Part 4
Syrupus Rhceados. Lond. Syrup of the Red Poppy Take of the petals of the red poppy, a pound; boiling water, a pint; sugar, two pounds and a half. To the water, heated in a water bath, add graduall...
-Syrupi. Syrups. Part 5
Syrupus Rosae Gallicae. Edin. Syrup of Bed Roses Take of the petals of the red rose, dried, one part; boiling water, nine parts; refined sugar, ten parts. Macerate the petals in the water for twel...
-Syrupi. Syrups. Part 6
Syrupus Violae Odoratae. Edin. Syrup of Violet Take of flowers of the odorous violet, two parts; boiling water, eight parts; refined sugar, fifteen parts. Macerate the flowers in the water for twe...
-Tinctura Aloes. Lond. Tincture of Aloes
Take of aloes, powdered, an ounce; extract of liquorice, three ounces; water, a pint and a half; rectified spirit, half a pint. Macerate for fourteen days, then strain. Dublin. Take of socot...
-Tincturae. Tinctures
The term tincture is usually, although improperly, applied to spirituous solutions of such of the proximate principles of vegetables and animals as are soluble in pure alcohol or in proof spirit. From...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 2
Tinctura Ammoniae Composita. Lond. Compound Tincture of Ammonia Take of mastick, two ounces; rectified spirit, nine fluid ounces; oil of lavender, fourteen minims; oil of amber, four minims; stron...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 3
Tinctura Benzoini Composita Lond. Tinctura Benzoes composita, Dub. Compound Tincture of Benzoin. Take of benzoin, three ounces and a half; storax balsam, strained, two ounces and a half; balsam...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 4
Tinctura Camphorae Composita. Lond. Compound Tincture of Camphor Take of camphor, two scruples and a half; hard opium, powdered, acid of benzoin, of each seventy-two grains; proof spirit, two pin...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 5
Tinctura Cardamomi. Lond. Dub. Tincture of Cardamoms Take of cardamoms, bruised, three ounces and a half; proof spirit, two pints. Macerate for fourteen days (seven days, Dub.), and filter. Ti...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 6
Tinctura Catechu. Lond. Dub. Tincture of Catechu Take of catechu, three ounces and a half; cinnamon, bruised, two ounces and a half; proof spirit, two pints. Macerate for fourteen days (seven days...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 7
Tinctura Cinnamomi Lond. Dub.2 Tinctura Lauri Cinnamomi, Edin. Tincture of Cinnamon. Take of cinnamon, bruised, three ounces and a half (three ounces and a half Dub.): proof spirit, two pints. ...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 8
Tinctura Croci Sativi. Edin. Tincture of Saffron Take of English saffron, cut in shreds, one ounce; proof spirit, fifteen ounces. Digest for seven days, and filter through paper. This tincture...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 9
Tinctura Gentianae Composita. Lond. Dab. Compound Tincture of Gentian Take of gentian root, sliced, two ounces and a half; orange-peel, dried, ten drachms; cardamoms, bruised, five drachms; proof ...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 10
Tinctura Hellebori. Lond. Tincture of Hellebore Take of the root of (black) hellebore, sliced, five ounces; proof spirit, two pints. Macerate for fourteen days, and filter. Edinburgh. Dublin....
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 11
Tinctura Kino. Lond. Tincture of Kino Take of kino in powder, three ounces and a half; proof spirit, two pints. Macerate for fourteen days, and strain. Edinburgh. Dublin. Take of kino two ...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 12
Tinctura Nucis Vomicae. Dub. Tincture of Nux Vomica Take of rasped nux vomica, two ounces; rectified spirit, eight ounces. Macerate for seven days; then filter. This is a useful preparation, a...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 13
Tinctura Quassiae Excelsae. Edin. Tincture of Quassia Take of quassia wood, rasped, one ounce; proof spirit, two pounds and a half. Digest for seven days, and filter through paper. Tinctura Qu...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 14
Tinctura Sennae Composita. Lond. Tincture of Senna Take of senna leaves, three ounces and a half; carraway, bruised, three drachms and a half; cardamoms, bruised, a drachm; raisins, five ounces; p...
-Tincturae. Tinctures. Part 15
Tinctura Veratri Albi. Edin. Tincture of White Hellebore Take of white hellebore root, bruised, eight ounces; proof spirit, one pound and a half Digest for seven days, and filter through paper. ...
-Vegetabilia. Vegetables
The collection of vegetables cannot be attended to by the apothecary, and, consequently, the directions necessary for that purpose are of less importance to him than a knowledge of the botanical chara...
-Vegetabilium Praeparatio. Preparation of Vegetables
Vegetables, soon after they are gathered, except those which are to be used in the recent state, are to be lightly spread out, and dried as quickly as possible, with a heat so gentle that their colou...
-Succi Spissati. Edin. Inspissated Juices
Beat the fresh substance, and press it strongly through a canvass bag, in order to obtain the juice; which being put into a wide, shallow vessel, and heated by means of boiling water saturated with s...
-Vina. Wines
Wine acts upon vegetable substances in nearly the same manner as diluted spirit, dissolving such of their proximate principles as can be taken up by water and alcohol when combined : hence it has been...
-Vina. Wines. Part 2
Vinum Colchici. Lond. Wine of Colchicum Take of the dried cormus of colchicum, sliced, eight ounces; sherry wine, two pints. Macerate for fourteen days, and filter. The medicinal power of the ...
-Vina. Wines. Part 3
Vinum Nicotianae Tabaci. Edin. Wine of Tobacco Take of tobacco leaves, one part; Spanish white wine, twelve parts. Macerate for seven days, and filter through paper. This is the only form in w...
-Unguenta. Ointments
These are unctuous substances, of nearly the same nature as cerates, but having a consistence much less firm, scarcely exceeding that of butter. Unguentum Antimonii Potassio-Tar-Tratis. Lond. Ointm...
-Unguenta. Ointments. Part 2
Unguentum Pulveris Cantharidis Vest-Catoriae. Edin. Ointment of the Powder of Blistering Flies Take of resinous ointment, seven parts; powdered blistering flies, one part Sprinkle the powder into ...
-Unguenta. Ointments. Part 3
Unguentum Hydrargyri Fortius. Lond. Strong Mercurial Ointment Take of purified mercury, two pounds; prepared lard, twenty-three ounces; prepared suet, an ounce. First rub the mercury with the suet...
-Unguenta. Ointments. Part 4
Unguentum Oxidi Hydrargyri Cinerei. Edin. Ointment of Grey Oxide of Mercury Take of grey oxide of mercury, one part; hog's lard, three parts. Mix. Syn. Graue Quecksilbersalbe (G.). As the w...
-Unguenta. Ointments. Part 5
Unguentum Gallae. Edin. Ointment of Galls Take of galls, in fine powder, one part; lard, eight parts; Mix. This is a very useful application in piles, and has long been employed, although it h...
-Unguenta. Ointments. Part 6
Unguentum Iodinii. Dub. Iodine Ointment Take of iodine, a scruple; prepared lard, an ounce. Rub them together to make an ointment. Unguentum Potassae Hydriodatis. Dub. Ointment of Hydriodate o...
-Unguenta. Ointments. Part 7
Unguentum Oxidi Zinci Impuri. Edin. Ointment of impure Oxide of Zinc Take of simple liniment, Jive parts; prepared oxide of zinc, one part. Mix. Unguentum Tutiae, Dub. Ointment of Tutty. T...
-Unguenta. Ointments. Part 8
Unguentum Sulphuris Compositum. Lond. Compound Ointment of Sulphur Take of sublimed sulphur, half a pound; white hellebore root, in powder, two ounces; nitrate of potassa, a drachm; soft soap, hal...
-Preparations of Opium
Showing the Proportion in which Opium are contained in some compound Medicines. Opium. Confectio Opii Lond. Confection of Opium. Thirty-six grains contain one grain of opium. Acetum Opii D...
-Preparations of Iron, Antimony, Arsenic, Iodine, and Mercury
Showing the Proportion in certain Preparations of Iron, Antimony, Arsenic, Iodine, and Mercury are contained in some compound Medicines. Iron. Tinctura Acetatis Ferri Cum Alco-Hole Dub. Tincture...
-Showing To What Name Of The Former London Pharmacopoeia Each Belongs
New Names. Former Names. Acacia - - - Acaciae Gummi. Acetum distillatum - - Acidum aceticum dilutum. ...
-Appendix. No. I. Of Water
Syn. Aqua (Lett.), (Greek), Eau (F.), Agua(s.), Acqua (Ital.), Aae (Dan.), A (Swed.), Ea, Eha (old Sax.), Awe (Pers.), Aw (Welsh), Aa (Low Germ., Islandic), Ab (Shans.), Abh (Gaelic), Immek (E...
-Of Water. Part 2
The medicinal properties of water as a diluent were well known to the ancients; and cold water, used as a drink in fevers, was the principal remedy of the father of physic in these complaints. The tem...
-Of Water. Part 3
The cold affusion, or the suddenly pouring cold water over the whole surface of the body, operates as a powerful remedy, although its effects as such are of short duration. They are produced by the su...
-No. II. Mineral Waters
It has been already noticed, that although no natural water is found in a state of absolute purity, yet that in general the quantity of foreign matters is not sufficient to give any very sensible tast...
-Method Of Analysing Mineral Waters
The first circumstance to be attended to in the chymical examination of any mineral water, is to determine the gross weight of the substances held in solution. This is to be done by first ascertaining...
-Method Of Analysing Mineral Waters. Part 2
a. Alkalies and their carbonates are detected in mineral waters by the tests already mentioned; and by the water, after being boiled, throwing down a precipitate on the addition of chloride of magnesi...
-Method Of Analysing Mineral Waters. Part 3
b. 5. Sulphate of iron is detected by tincture of galls striking a black colour with the water after it has been boiled, and has cooled. Its quantity may be estimated by precipitating the iron by ferr...
-No. III. On The Art Of Prescribing Medicines
Independent of the knowledge of diseases and the treatment of them, much of the success of the practitioner depends on circumstances connected altogether with the form in which the remedies are exhibi...
-No. V. Examples Of A Few Of The Most Usual Forms Of Extemporaneous Prescriptions.
Powders. Narcotic. Conii pulveris gr. ii. Glycyrrhizae radicis pulveris gr. vi. Sit pulvis ter quotidie sumendus. In schirrhous affections, scrofula, painful old ulcers, etc. ...
-Lithontriptic
Soda carbonatis exsiccates 3iss. Cinnamomi pulveris comp. 3ss. Saponis 3ss. Balsami Peruviani q. s. Fiant pilulae aequales triginta. Sumat tres ter quotidie. In calculous affections. To...
-Lithontriptic. Continued
Menthae piperitae aquae f3xii. Cardamomi tincturae composite f 3i Fiat haustus, hora ante prandium sumendus. In dyspepsia, attended with costive-ness and acidity. Ricini olei f3v. ...
-External Applications. Lotions
Ammoniae Hydrochloratis 3i. Aquae fontanae f t, Spiritus rectificati f i. Misce, ut fiat lotio tumori applicanda. In swelled testicle, and other inflammatory tumors. Opii 3ii. Acet d...
-No. VI. A Table Of Pharmaceutical Equivalents
Acid, Acetic (anhydrous) 4 Carbon - - (6.12 x 4) = 24.48 51.48 3 Oxygen - - (8x3)...
-No. VII. Posological Table
Absinthium j. to 3j. Acaciae gummi 3j. to 3iij. Acetosella folia ad libit. Acetum f3ij. to f3x. -- colchici f3ss. to f3j. -------scillae xx. to f3j. Acidum benzoicum grs. v. to j...
-Posological Table. Part 2
-------chimaphilae f j. to f ij. -------cinchonae f j. to f ij. -------cydoniae f ;i. to f ij. ------ dulcamaras f3iv. to f ij. ------ hordei ad libitum. -----hordei com...
-Posological Table. Part 3
-------sennae compositum f ij. to f ij. -------simarubae f j. to f ;ij. -------tabaci x. to xx. ------Valerianae f j. to f ij. Iodinii gr. 1/6 to grs. iv. Ipecacuanhae r...
-Posological Table. Part 4
-------ricini f3iv. f jss. -------rosmarini ij. to x. -------succini v. xv. -------terebinthinae rectificatum v. to f j. -------tiglii j. v. Olibanum grs. x. to 3ss....
-Vinegars. Preparations of Vinegar
Acetum Cantharidis. Lond. Vinegar of Can-tharidis Take of cantharides, rubbed to powder, two ounces; acetic acid, a pint. Macerate the cantharides with the acid for eight days, frequently shaking:...
-Mellita. Preparations of Honey
A more correct knowledge of the operation of those medicinal substances which have been named balsamic or pectoral, has set aside the high opinion which formerly prevailed of the efficacy of honey as ...
-Troches
Troches and lozenges are powders mixed up with glutinous substances into little cakes, and afterwards dried. The lozenges of the confectioner are superior in elegance to those of the apothecary, thenc...







TOP
previous page: The Art Of Dispensing | Peter MacEwan
  
page up: Materia Medica Books
  
next page: Isopathic / Homeopathic Materia Medica | by Konrad Werthmann