Anhidrotics, - diminish secretion of sweat.
Many drugs when applied to the skin produce vascular excitement or irritation; called counter-irritants if applied to excite reflex influence at a remote point.
(1) Rubefacients, - cause redness of the skin. Mustard. Heat. Turpentine.
(2) Vesicants or Epispastics, - produce blisters, or collections of serum beneath the epidermis.
(3) Pustulants, - produce pustules, or small collections of white blood corpuscles.
Croton Oil. Tartar Emetic.
Caustics or Escharotics, - destroy the vitality of the tissues, producing a slough.
Astringents, - produce contraction of vessels and tissue and lessen secretion from mucous membrane. Known as remote or local astringents according as they act on internal organs or affect the part to which they are applied. As they chiefly affect the vessels they may also be considered in relation to the circulation.
Antiphlogistics, - agents reducing or subduing inflammation or fever (Gould). They include all medicines and means to this end.
Styptics or Hoemostatics, - arrest haemorrhage. Adrenalin. All Astringents. Cold.
Emollients and Demulcents, - soften and protect skin or mucous membranes.
Protectives, - used to cover a part.
Collodion. Guttapercha, etc.