30I quantities may cause death, preceded by anaesthesia and convulsions.

Average dose, gr. iss.-I Gm.

Bromidia is said to contain potassium bromide and chloral-hydrate, of each 30 parts; extract of hyos-cyamus and extract of cannabis indica, of each 0.25 parts; fluid extract of liquorice, 90 parts; and oil of orange peel, 5 drops.

Brominol, Bromipin, is a substitute for the bromides in the form of bromine 10 % in sesame oil, in which the properties of bromine are retained without any taste or odor of it or the resulting rash or depression after large doses. Average dose, ʒ iss.-6 Gm.

Bromocoll is a combination of bromine, tannin, and gelatin, containing 20% of bromine and used as a substitute for the bromides.

Bromoformum (official) (Bromoform) is an analogue of chloroform, and contains bromine. It is soluble in alcohol; only slightly so in water. It is quite powerful in its actions, which are antispasmodic, analgesic, and antiseptic. Average dose, . iii-0.2 mil.

Cacodyl (Arsenic) Derivatives

Cacodylic acid and sodium cacodylate and their combinations with mercury have been used extensively in anaemic and cachectic conditions, internally and as a lotion for the eyes or for sores elsewhere. Average dose, gr. i-0.06 Gm., hypodermically. Sodium cacodylate is official.

Cetrarin is a bitter principle obtained from Iceland moss, and used as a stomachic. It increases peristalsis, likewise the secretion of saliva, bile, and pancreatic juice. Average dose, gr. iss.-I Gm.

Chaulmoogra Oil is a frothy substance obtained from seed of Gynocardia odorata; used in the treatment of leprosy and tubercular conditions. Average dose,c xv.-I mil.

Chloralformamidum is a preparation made by the interaction of chloral and formamid, in the form of colorless crystals, employed as a substitute for chloral, being not so depressing as the latter, yet less certain in its hypnotic action. Average dose, gr. xv.-I Gm.

Chloralose is a compound of chloral with grape sugar in the form of fine colorless crystals, with a bitter taste, freely soluble in hot liquids, but slightly so in cold water. It is used as a hypnotic, but is not so reliable as chloral. Average dose, gr. iii.-0.2 Gm.

Chloretone is a compound formed by the action of caustic potash on equal parts of chloroform and acetone. It is used as an antiemetic in pregnancy, seasickness, and menstrual sickness, as a hypnotic and external antiseptic. Average dose, gr. xv.-I Gm.

Chrysarobin is a principle obtained from goa powder found in the stems and branches of Andira arabolea, in the form of a light yellow crystalline powder, and is employed in the treatment of various skin diseases in an ointment of 10%.

Condurango is the herb of Gonololus condurango, used as an alterative. Average dose of fluid extract,  xv.-I mil.

Comutin is one of the active principles of ergot, a reddish to yellowish product (Kobert's) or white crystals (Keller's), used in place of ergot. Dose, gr. 1/12-0.005 Gm.

Coronillin is a glucoside from the seeds of Coronilla scorproides forming a pale yellow, bitter powder, used to strengthen heart action and increase diuresis. Average dose, gr. iii.-0.2 Gm.

Crede's Ointment contains 15% soluble metallic silver and is employed in septic inflammation and erysipelas.

Creolin is an emulsion of cresol, a derivative of carbolic acid. It mixes in all proportions with chloroform, ether, and alcohol, and with water forms a milky solution. It is used locally in a variety of ways.

Cresol. Is official and is derived from coal tar. It has the medicinal qualities of its group, and is slightly soluble in water, more freely so in glycerine, alcohol, or ether.

Average dose,  i.-0.05 mil.

Dermatol contains about 55% of the oxide of bismuth. It is a yellow, odorless powder, insoluble. It is an excellent antiseptic, used in place of iodoform. It is also used internally. It is officially listed as bismuth subgallate.

Average dose, gr. viii.-0.5 Gm.

Locally it is used as a powder, in gauze, emulsion, or ointment. Strength, 10-20 %.

Diabetin is a trade name for laevulose or fruit sugar.

Dionin is the hydrochloride of a preparation of morphine, appearing in a fine white crystalline powder, possessing the narcotic properties of morphine without attaining its intensity. Toleration is not established by its use, hence it is used for the morphine habit. Its properties are similar to codeine. Average dose, gr. 1/4-0.015 Gm.

Eucaine, now in the U. S. P. as Betaeucaine Hydrochloride, is a synthetic alkaloid, in action like cocaine. It is irritant and must be used with care.

Eudoxin is artificially produced in the search for inodorous iodine compounds. It contains iodine and bismuth and shares their qualities.

Average dose, gr. iii-0.2 Gm.

Eugenol (official) is an aromatic phenol obtained from oil of clove and other sources. It must not be exposed to air.

Average dose,  iii.-0.2 mil.

Euphthalmin is a synthetic alkaloid of complex derivation, sometimes_used as a mydriatic, usually in 2% solution.

Europhen is a powder containing about 27 % of iodine, and used as a substitute for iodoform. It is soluble in alcohol, ether, chloroform, and oil. As a dusting powder it is used in a strength of from 5-10, % and hypodermically solutions in olive oil are used in from 3-10 % strength.

Ferratin

This organic preparation of iron is made commercially by heating animal or vegetable albumin until the slimy consistency is lost, when an acid is added and a ferric compound of the albuminoids is formed. This after drying is readily soluble in alkaline solutions. It is absorbed more rapidly, and is less irritant than the inorganic preparations. Contains 7 % of iron. Average dose, gr. viii.-0.5 Gm.

Glutol is formaldehyde gelatin, exhibited as a powder and used as an antiseptic.