(From abscondo, to hide). A sinus, or cavity of a bone, which receives and conceals the head of another bone.
(From absinthium, wormwood'). A wine impregnated with wormwood. This has been considered as a wholesome drink, preventing indigestion, obviating the effects of drunkenness, and a pre-ve of venery. Others have accused it of affecting the head. It is, however, little more than a pleasing D of the wormwood, q. v.
(From abstergeo, to wipe off,) abstergents, or cleansing medicines. Medicines, which not only by their fluidity wash off adhering matters, but such also as are supposed to do it by their power of resolving, and loosening their cohesion: hence they were considered, particularly in the Boer-haavian school, of a saponaceous nature, capable of dissolving concretions formed of earth and oil, etc, which water, simply as an abluent, cannot effect. Dr. Cullen thinks the term too general, because this power of resolving viscid substances, when used with respect to the internal parts, has generally rested upon a false supposition. They are also called Detergentia. See Detergens.
Abstersive, cleansing, wiping away; of the same import with Detersorius.
Vel Abstractivus, (from abs, and traho, to draw away,) abstractitious. Thus the native spirits of aromatic vegetables were called, to distinguish them from spirits produced by fermentation, and are from preference drawn from those plants which abound with much volatile salt, as abstractitious spirit of scurvy-grass is better than that prepared by fermentation.
The Egyptian lotus. See Raii Hist. Abutilon, (from the Arabic word butilon, yellow). An Arabic name for the yellow mallow. See Althaea Theophrasti, etc.
Abys, (α priv. and vel gurges profundus, a deep whirlpool or gulf). It was a mystic term of the followers of Paracelsus.
Acacia Indica. See Tamarindus.
Acacia Malabarica globosa. See Intsia.
Acacia orbis Americani. See Poinciana.
Acacia Zeylonica. See Campechense lignum.
Also called prunus Brasiliensis. It is a large tree growing in Brasil. It produces clusters of yellowish white flowers, which are followed by yellow plums, with a large stone in them. The leaves are acid and astringent, and are an agreeable sauce with meat; the wood is light as cork, and of a red colour; the buds and tops arc used as pickles. Raii Hist.
The cajou or cassu-tree.
There is but one species yet known, and this is the acajou, or cashew-nut, so common in America, and in the West Indian islands. It produces its fruit in August and September; except in Brasil, where it is a native, and there it flowers in these months, and bears its fruit in December, which, when roasted, is as agreeable as an almond. If you bite the whole fruit when raw, it excoriates the mouth; therefore it must be first cut open, dipped in water, and sprinkled with salt.
The acrid oil in the shell destroys tetters, ringworms, chiques, etc. The painters use it to make their black colouring durable.
The tree, when wounded, yields a gum, which resembles the gum arabic. Raii Hist.