Beech (Chap. III., Par. 32) or any hard wood.
2 pcs. l 1/8"x2 1/2"xl0 1/2" S 2 S Ends. 2 pcs. 1 1/8"x2 1/2"x49" S 2 S Sides. 2 pcs. chain 12".
1 pc. small anchor chain 14".
2 angle irons with screws. 2 eye bolts 5/16"xl 3/4".
1 pc. 5/16" soft iron rod 16" long. 1 strap hinge, 2 1/2" pin measure, with screws. 2-%" staples.
In studying the various problems of dairying it has been found a great benefit not only to improve the sanitary conditions, but also to provide for humane treatment of the stock. The stanchion has been worked out as a solution to the problem of tying the cows securely and at the same time giving them all possible freedom.
The stanchion given in this lesson has been so designed as to present both strength and convenience; it is to be held in position by chains fastened at the top and bottom. This will make it possible for the cow to raise and lower her head or to turn from side to side and still not be able to pull back from her position.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 106, Breeds of Dairy Cattle.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 143, Beef and Dairy Cattle.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 55, The Dairy Herd, Its Function and Management.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 42, Facts About Milk.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 74, Milk as Food.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 29, Souring and Other Changes in Milk.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 413, Care of Milk and Its Uses in the Home.
U. S. Farmer's Bulletin No. 457, Production of Sanitary Milk.
Building the Dairy Barn, James. James Manufacturing Co., Ft. Atkinson, Wis.
Barn Plans and Outbuildings, Shawver. David William? Co., New York.
Twentieth Century Practical Barn Plans, Radford. David Williams Co., New York.
Hinge Bottom End View
Suggestions For Original Design
Stanchion and Section of Stall
Square the stock for the side rails (Chapter II., Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4); your stock will probably be furnished in two pieces, each long enough to make one side rail and an end rail. By squaring each piece its full length you will thus prepare the sides and ends at one operation.
Cut the side rails the lengths shown in the drawing. Note: Notice that the end rails are to join one side rail with mortise and tenon joints; the other side rail is movable, being attached to the bottom rail with a hinge. Lay out and cut the mortises in the first side rail (Chapter V., Paragraph 66). Cut the second side rail, as shown in the drawing.
As the stock has already been squared, cut the pieces the required length; lay out and cut a tenon at one end of each (Chapter II., Paragraph 14). Cut the other end of each, as shown in the drawing.
Assemble the mortise and tenon joints (they may be draw bored and pinned if desired (Chapter V., Paragraph 66). These corners are to be reinforced with angle irons. These angle irons are to be bedded into the wood until they are level with the surface. Lay them out carefully (be sure to calculate the length of each gain properly); with a sharp chisel cut the gains into which the irons are to fit; fasten the irons with screws.
Fasten the second side rail into position with a strong hinge.
Each eye bolt should have a washer on the outside; none will be required on the inside, for the bolt goes through the angle iron, thus helping to hold it rigid. Each eye bolt should be supplied with a few inches of chain by which the stanchion is to be hung when in use.
The fastening consists of a movable loop of iron rod which can be raised and lowered as needed to hold the hinged side rail.
The small anchor chain should be fastened with staples; its purpose is to keep the hinged side rail from falling when the stanchion is open.
This piece of work does not require a fine finish. However, if given a good coat of linseed oil it will be protected against moisture. The oil will also cause the wood to wear smooth.
Optional and Home Projects Employing Similar Principles.
1. A stationary cow stanchion may be easily provided, as shown in the suggestions; the movable side of the stanchion consists merely of a slat pivoted on a bolt. The stanchion is held closed by a pivoted block at the top, as shown in the drawing. The stationary stanchion is not as satisfactory as the movable stanchion presented in this lesson.
2. The principles involved in the construction of the cow stanchion may be employed in making any kind of strong rectangular frame, such as would be needed in building a gate for a chicken park or garden. This frame should be assembled with mortise and tenon construction, and it would be well to have the joints reinforced with angle irons in exactly the same manner as the cow stanchion. In constructing the gate it will be desirable to use a diagonal brace. The entire framework could be covered with pickets or poultry net, as might be desired.