Maple (Chap. III., Par. 41).
1 pc. hard wood l 1/2"xl2"x
50" Top. 1 pc. hard wood 7/8"x8 1/2"x
50" Tool trough. 1 pc. hard wood 7/8"x5 1/2"x
50" Tool rack. 4 pcs. hard wood l 1/2"x3 1/2" x21" Top and base pieces.
4 pcs. hard wood 1 1/2"x3 1/2"x24" Legs.
2 pcs. hard wood 1 1/2"x6"x31" Stretchers.
1 pc. hard wood 1 1/2"x3 1/2 "x32" Vise jaw.
1 pc. hard wood 1 1/2"x6"x29" Vise jaw.
1 pc. soft wood 7/8"x3 1/2"xl2 1/2"
16-3/8"x6" square head bolts with washers and nuts.
9-2 1/2" No. 16 F. H. B. screws.
12-l 1/2" No. 10 F. H. B. screws.
1 steel vise screw 3/4" with nut, complete.
4-1" No. 12 F. H. B. Screws.
In every home there are so many odd jobs to be done that it is worth while to have some sort of work bench. The material required for the construction of an excellent bench is not expensive, and if properly used it would soon save you enough to pay for it.
A work bench should be absolutely solid and rigid so it will not shake when you are attempting to do careful work.
The bench shown in this lesson is so constructed as to be strong and solid; the bolted joints can be tightened from time to time if necessary; the wide stretchers between the pairs of legs are held by two bolts at each end and are thus made absolutely rigid.
Handy Man's Work Shop and Laboratory, A. Russel Bond. U. S. Bureau of Forestry, Bulletins Nos. 97, 117, 130, 138, 145. Handbook in Woodwork and Carpentry, King. American Book Co. Manual of Carpentry and Joinery, Riley.
Suggestions For Original Design
The heavy portion of the top of the work bench may be one wide board or it may be made of several pieces glued together, depending upon the manner in which your stock is furnished. Prepare the top the dimensions shown in the drawing. Notice that it is to be rabbeted to receive the board which forms the tool trough. If you do not have a rabbeting plane, this may be done with the grooving side of a matching plane, and finished with a sharp chisel. Prepare the board for the tool trough, as shown in the drawing.
Square the stock (Chapter II., Paragraphs 2, 3, 4 and 5) for the legs. Cut the four legs, making sure they are all the same length. Any variations will make your bench unlevel.
Prepare the two base pieces as shown in the drawing; make sure that they are perfectly square so the legs will rest upon them with a good joint. In like manner prepare the two top cross braces.
Square the stock (Chapter II., Paragraphs 2, 3, 4 and 5); cut the two stretchers (the braces between the two pairs of legs) as shown in the drawing.
As this bench is to be assembled with draw bolts, you will have considerable boring to do. This is a very particular process, therefore you must do it carefully. Notice that the legs are fastened into the bottom and top pieces with bolts, and that the bolt heads are sunk into the top brace about an inch. You should therefore bore into the places with a bit large enough to allow the bolt head to enter. Then finish the boring with a bit the right size for the body of the bolts. It will require a socket wrench to tighten the bolts when their heads are below the surface. If you cannot secure a socket wrench, you may be able to tighten them by using a nail set, and driving the nuts which are in the holes. In boring for all these bolts be sure that you hold the bit perpendicularly (Chapter II., Paragraph 11). In the stretchers the holes for the nuts do not go entirely through. This gives the bench a little neater appearance than if those holes showed on the front side of the stretcher. Assemble the frame of the bench and tighten all the nuts securely. Note: The top is held in position with large screws put through from the bottom side of the cross brace of the legs. These screws are sunk in the wood in order to make them reach.
This bench may be equipped with an iron vise if you care to purchase one. You can readily make the wooden vise shown in the drawing, and you will find it a very satisfactory one. It is held in position by large screws fastened into the bench top, and into the leg braces.
The tool rack on the rear of the bench may be prepared for whatever tools you desire it to hold.
When the bench is completed, with a sharp steel scraper remove all lead pencil marks and rough places; give it a good coat of linseed oil or shellac (Chapter IV., Paragraph 57).
Optional and Home Projects Employing Similar Principles.
1. For general purpose work about the farm a long bench is often required. The idea shown in the suggestions will be very suitable, yet inexpensive, for the construction of such a bench. A very valuable feature may be added by purchasing a small machinist's vise, and attaching it to the rear end of this bench. Such a vise will be found very useful in a great many odd jobs about the farm.