Arthur Hugh Clough, an English author, born in Liverpool, Jan. 1, 1819, died in Florence, Italy, Nov. 13, 1801. He was educated at Rugby school, and at Balliol and Oriel colleges, Oxford. In 1842 he gained a fellowship at Oriel, which he resigned in 1848, because his theological opinions did not accord with those of the established church. In 1848-'9 he travelled on the continent. He was in Rome, where he was intimate with the leading Italian liberals, during the siege of that city by the French. Upon his return to England he was made principal of University hall, and professor of the English language and literature in University college, London. In 1852 he resigned this appointment, came to America, settled at Cambridge, Mass., and engaged in teaching and literary pursuits. The next year he returned to England to accept a position under the committee on education. After the close of the Crimean war he was appointed secretary to a commission to examine the military systems of the continent. At the time of his death he was travelling for the benefit of his health.
His chief work, a poem in hexameters entitled "The Bothie of Tober-na-Vuolich," was published in 1848. In 1858 the "Amours de Voyage," a story in verse, appeared in the "Atlantic Monthly." He revised Dryden's translation of "Plutarch's Lives" (Boston, 1859), and just before his death wrote "Mari Magno," a series of tales. A collection of his poems, with a memoir by Charles Eliot Norton, appeared in Boston in 1862.