Arthur Murphy, a British dramatist, born at Clooniquin, county Roscommon, Ireland, Dec. 27, 1727, died in London, June 18, 1805. He was educated at the Roman Catholic college of St. Omer, spent some years in a banking house in London, and in 1756 was admitted to Lincoln's Inn. He conducted for two years a weekly paper, the "Gray's Inn Journal." In 1758 appeared his first dramatic production, "The Upholsterer," a farce, followed by "The Orphan of China," "The Way to Keep Him," "All in the Wrong," " The Citizen," " The Old Maid," etc. In 1762 he was called to the bar, but at the end of 15 years quitted his profession, and devoted the remainder of his life to literary pursuits. In 1786 appeared an edition of his works in 7 vols. 8vo, containing, in addition to the dramatic pieces above mentioned, his " Three Weeks after Marriage," " Zenobia," "The Grecian Daughter," etc. Some of his plays long kept possession of the stage. In 1792 he published an essay on the life and genius of Dr. Johnson, in 1793 a translation of Tacitus in 4 vols. 4to, and in 1801 a life of Garrick. His translation of Sallust, completed by Thomas Moore, appeared in 1807. At various times in his life he engaged in political controversies, and edited journals opposing Mr. Fox, the first Lord Holland, and Wilkes's " North Briton." In his old age he was made a commissioner of bankrupts, and for the last three years of his life he received a pension of £200. A life of Murphy by Jesse Foot was published in 1811.