Barbier. I. Antoine Alexandre, a French bibliographer, born at Coulommiers, Jan. 11, 1765, died in Paris in December, 1825. He studied at the college of Meaux and took orders, but afterward renounced the priesthood and married. He removed to Paris in 1794, and was commissioned to collect the books and works of art belonging to the abolished convents, in order to place them in the newly created public establishments. In 1798 he became librarian to the directory. Napoleon in 1807 made him his private librarian. In this capacity it was his duty to make reports on the most important works that were published. The libraries of the Louvre, Compiegne, and Fontainebleau were made up by him. After the return of the Bourbons he was superintendent of the private royal libraries till 1822, when he was suddenly discharged. His Nouvelle bibliotheque d\tn liomme de gout gives excellent directions for collecting a good library, and his Dictionnaire des outrages anonymes et pseudonymes is full of research, able criticism, and curious learning. He wrote many tracts and pamphlets on bibliographical subjects.
II. Edmond Jean Francois, a French jurist, born in Paris, Jan. 16, 1689, died Jan. 29, 1771. His principal claim to attention is founded on his interesting Journal historique et anecdotique du regne de Louis XV. (Paris, 1856), embracing a period of 44 years, from 1718 to 1762. It narrates many facts not found in the newspapers of the time. III. Henri Angnste, a French satirical poet, born in Paris, April 28, 1805. He was a lawyer, and his first poem, a satire called La curee, published just after the revolution of July, 1830, created a remarkable sensation by its boldness, originality, and roughness of language. Several other poems of the same kind appeared in quick succession, La popularite and L'Idole among the number. They were collected, under the title lambes, in a volume which was eagerly sought for. His popularity afterward declined. Il Pianto and Lazare obtained but moderate praise. His later works have been neglected; and it has even been questioned whether he wrote the brilliant satires attributed to him in his youth.
He translated Shakespeare's " Julius Caesar" in 1848. His latest works are Silves (1864) and Trois passions (1867). He was chosen to the French academy in 1869. IV. PanI Jules, a French dramatist, born in Paris in 1822. His first drama was Le Poete, produced with success at the Theatre Francais in 1847. He afterward wrote Amour et bergerie (1848), Andre Chenier (1849), Les derniers adieux (1851), La loterie du mariage (1868), Jeanne d'Arc (1869), and many other dramas, comedies, vaudevilles, etc.; and in 1849 he became associated with M. Carre in furnishing Gounod with the texts for Faust, Borneo et Juliette, Le Medecin malgre lui, and La reine de Saba; Ambroise Thomas with Hamlet, Mignon, and Psyche; Victor Masse with Galathee and Les noces de Jeannette; and Meyerbeer with Le pardon de Ploermel.